Social Criticism in the Text Scripture of Dharmasonya

Aris Aryanto, Bani Sudardi, Andrik Purwasito, Abdullah Wakit

Abstract

This study took a closer look at the socio-condition of the Javanese people in Surakarta at the time Dharmasonya (Ds) text was produced through a perspective of critical-sociological studies. The present Ds text was read through seeing the historical life of the Islamic religion. The main objective of this study was to probe socio-cultural life of the society in the age the Ds text was produced. The data source used was the translation of Ds text by Suratmin which was issued by the Ministry of Education and Culture. To obtain the objectives, study on the Ds text was compared with other similar ancient texts of the same themes produced in the same time; these texts were Serat Wedhatama by KGPAA Mangkunegara IV (1853-1881) and Serat Tjemporet by R.Ng. Ranggwarsita. The data was analyzed through perspectives of Hermeneutic and Semiotics methods. The result shows that in Ds text, social criticism was an attempt to resist against the dynamic circumstances faced by the society at the time wherein the social status and nobility became people’s life concern. Such circumstance has apparently been used at least by a stream of Islamic group to write religious text in literary form, since religious doctrine was considered as one of the powerful weapons to control the society. Thus, most people would forcefully obey and submit to the teachings of Islam based on the Sharia law.

Keywords

Dharmasonya text; social criticism; Javanese community

Full Text:

FULLTEXT PDF

References

Abdullah, S., 2012. Art criticism versus art writing: the Malaysian situation. KEMANUSIAAN, 19(2), pp. 63-78.

Any, A., 1983. Menyingkap Serat Wedotomo. Aneka Ilmu, Semarang.

Bardzell, J., Bolter, J., & Löwgren, J., 2010. Interaction criticism: three readings of an interaction design, and what they get us. Interactions, 17(2), pp. 32-37.

Bauman, Z. 2011. Migration and identities in the globalized world. Philosophy & Social Criticism, 37(4), pp. 425-435.

Behrend, T.E., 1990. Katalog Induk Naskah-baskah Nusantara Museum Sonobudaya Jilid 1. Djambatan, Jakarta.

Capra, F., 2009. The Hidden Connection. Jalasutra, Yogyakarta.

Cunha, M., & Paiva, M. J., 2012. Text Anxiety in Adolescents: The role of self-criticism and acceptance and mindfulness skills. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 15(2), pp. 533-543.

Damardjati, S., 2001. Filsafat Sosial Serat Sastra Gending. Fajar Pustaka Baru, Yogyakarta.

Darmasonya. 1981. A translated text into Indonesian by Suratmin. Balai Pustaka bekerjasama dengan Depertemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Jakarta.

Forst, R., 2011. The ground of critique: On the concept of human dignity in social orders of justification. Philosophy & Social Criticism, 37(9), pp. 965-976.

Geertz, C., 1960. The Religion of Java. Free Press, Glencoe.

Gennep, A.V., 1960. The rites of passage, translated by Monika B Visedom Gabrielle L. Caffee. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London.

Gillespie, R., 2012. The art of criticism in the age of interactive technology: Critics, participatory culture, and the avant-garde. International Journal of Communication, 6, pp. 20.

Goldin, P. R., Ziv, M., Jazaieri, H., Weeks, J., Heimberg, R. G., & Gross, J. J., 2014. Impact of cognitive-behavioral therapy for social anxiety disorder on the neural bases of emotional reactivity to and regulation of social evaluation. Behaviour research and therapy, 62, pp. 97-106.

Gross, A. G., 2012. The public sphere and rhetorical criticism: A cautionary tale. Argumentation and Advocacy, 49(2), pp. 141-144.

Gumperli, P., 2005. Islam and Peace-Interpretation/exegesis of religious sources Vordiplomarbeit. GRIN Verlag, German.

Hadisutjipto, S.Z., 1987. Serat Cemporet karya R. NG. Ranggawarsita. Balai Pustaka, Jakarta.

Hadiwijono, H., 1967. Man in the present Javanese Mysticism. Bosch & Keuning N.V., Netherland.

Kats, A., 2000. Postmodernism and The Politics of Culture.Westview Press, USA.

Kihlström, A., 2012. Luhmann’s system theory in social work: Criticism and reflections. Journal of social work, 12(3), pp. 287-299.

Kristeva, J., 1980. Desire in Language : a semiotic approach to literature and art(diterjemahkan oleh Thomas Gora, Alice Jardine, dan Leon S. Roudiez). Columbia University Press, New York.

Latifi, Y. N., 2008. Kajian Kesusastraan Arab di Era Postmodernisme. Jurnal Penelitian Agama, 17(3).

McHoul, A., & Grace, W., 2002. A Foucault Primer: Discourse, Power, and The Subject. Taylor & Francis, Routledge.

Palmer, A., 2011. Social minds in fiction and criticism. Style, 45(2), pp. 196-240.

Piliang, Y. A., 2003. Hipersemiotika: Tafsir Cultural Studies atas Matinya Makna. Jala Sutra, Yogyakarta.

Piliang, Y.A., 2004. Posrealitas: Realitas Kebudayaan dalam Era Posmetafisika. Jala Sutra, Yogyakarta.

Simuh. 1988. Mistik Islam Kejawen Raden Ngabehi Ranggawarsita. University of Indonesia Press, Jakarta.

Soeratman, D., 1989. Kehidupan Dunia Kraton Surakarta 1830-1939. Taman Siswa, Yogyakarta.

Sugiharto, B., 2008. Javanese Epistemology. Journal Melintas, (24)3, pp. 369-384.

Teeuw, A., 1994. Indonesia Antara Kelisanan dan Keberaksaraan. Pustaka Jaya, Jakarta.

Turner, B., 2008. Teori-Teori Sosiologi : modernitas dan Postmodernitas. Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta.

Woodward, M.R., 1989. Islam in Java: Normative Piety and Mysticism in the Sultanate of Yogyakarta.The University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Young-Bruehl, E., 2011. Psychoanalysis and social democracy: A tale of two developments. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 47(2), pp. 179-203.

Zhong-wang, L. I. U. 2010. The Dual Logic of Political and Popular Dimension——On Criticism Boom of Chinese Martial Arts Novels in the 1930s. Journal of Southwest University (Social Sciences Edition), 1(1), pp. 1-12.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.