Bakul: Contribution of Rural Women to Family Economy through Informal Sector Activities

Thriwaty Arsal, Muhammad Basri, Sumartono Tono

Abstract

Economic contribution of bakul women (small tradeswomen) was manifested in informal sector activities such as merchants, laborers, homeworkers, and family workers. Rural society activities indicated cooperation between men and women. One job conducted by women in informal sector was bakul. The work is a progress for women regarding work division; however, it is also a challenge, especially for children education in the family. Research location was in Gunungpati Subdistrict, Semarang City. The research was conducted using qualitative approach. Research result shows that bakul women worked in informal sector to fulfill economic need of the family because the income from their husband was insufficient to fulfill daily needs thus they tried to look for additional income. Various types of empowerment for bakul women had been conducted either from the internal of bakul itself or from external. Through the empowerment, they were able to fulfill their daily needs such as to buy clothes, to send their children to school, to buy rice and side dishes, and even to give donation for the provision of basic needs.

Keywords

bakul women; economic contribution; informal sector

Full Text:

FULLTEXT PDF

References

Abdullah, I., 1991. Wanita Bakul di Pedesaan Jawa. Pusat Penelitian kependudukan UGM, Yogyakarta.

Abdullah, I., 1997. Sangkan Peran Gender. Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta.

Ames, P., 2013. Constructing new identities? The role of gender and education in rural girls life aspirations in Peru. Gender and education, 25(3), pp. 267-283.

Anthopoulou, T., 2010. Rural women in local agrofood production: Between entrepreneurial initiatives and family strategies. A case study in Greece. Journal of Rural Studies, 26(4), pp. 394-403.

Balasubramanian, K., Thamizoli, P., Umar, A., & Kanwar, A., 2010. Using mobile phones to promote lifelong learning among rural women in Southern India. Distance Education, 31(2), pp. 193-209.

Bappenas. 2007. Laporan Perkembangan Pencapaian Millenium Development Goals Indonesia 2007. Bappenas, Jakarta.

Boserup, E., 1984. Peranan Wanita Dalam Perkembangan Ekonomi. Yayasan Obor Indonesia, Jakarta.

Danim, S., 2004. Metode Penelitian untuk Ilmu-Ilmu Prilaku. Bumi Aksara, Jakarta.

Datta, P. B., & Gailey, R., 2012. Empowering women through social entrepreneurship: Case study of a womens cooperative in India. Entrepreneurship theory and Practice, 36(3), pp. 569-587.

De Haas, H., & Van Rooij, A., 2010. Migration as emancipation? The impact of internal and international migration on the position of women left behind in rural Morocco. Oxford development studies, 38(1), pp. 43-62.

Eswaran, M., Ramaswami, B., & Wadhwa, W., 2013. Status, caste, and the time allocation of women in rural India. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 61(2), pp. 311-333.

Haggblade, S., Hazell, P., & Reardon, T., 2010. The rural non-farm economy: Prospects for growth and poverty reduction. World Development, 38(10), pp. 1429-1441.

Hagul, P. 1992. Pembangunan Desa dan lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat. Rajawali Press, Jakarta.

Kabeer, N. 2011. Between affiliation and autonomy: navigating pathways of womens empowerment and gender justice in rural Bangladesh. Development and Change, 42(2), pp. 499-528.

Megawangi, R., 1999. Membiarkan Berbeda: Sudut Pandang Baru Tentang Relasi Gender. Pustidaka Mizan, Bandung.

Movahedi, R., & Yaghoubi-Farani, A., 2012. Analysis of the barriers and limitations for the development of rural womens entrepreneurship. International journal of entrepreneurship and small business, 15(4), pp. 469-487.

Nugroho, H., 2001. Perdebatan Metodologi Dalam Ilmu Sosial. Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta.

Ritzer, G., 2003. Sosiologi Ilmu Pengetahuan Berparadigma Ganda. Rajawali Press

Sumardjo, 1988. Partisipasi Wanita dalam Kegiatan Ekonomi Rumah Tangga di Pedesaan Jawa: Studi Kasus penerapan Intensifikasi Tembakau Pada Desa di Lingkungan Perkebunan Besar di Kabupaten Klaten.

Weber, M. 1964. Social Action and Types. The Free Press New York, New York.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.