Faktor Timbulnya Cedera Olahraga

Arif Setiawan

Abstract


Olah raga tidak terlepas dari adanya gerakan yang selanjutnya akan melibatkan berbagai struktur/jaringan pada tubuh manusia, misalnya sendi, otot, meniscus/discus, kapsuloligamenter dan otot. Gerakan terjadi bilamana mobilitas serta elastisitas dan kekuatan jaringan penompang dan penggerak sendi terjamin. Semakin mobile suatu persendian mempunyai konsekuensi berupa semakin tidak stabilnya sendi tersebut. Ketidakstabilan suatu sendi akan mengakibatkan struktur sekitarnya mudah cedera apalagi bila elastisitas dan kekuatan jaringan penompang dan penggerak sendi tidak memadai. Stabilitas suatu persendian akan dipengaruhi oleh konfigurasi tulang pembentuknya, keadaan kapsuloligamenter, keadaan otot penggerak, tekanan intra artikuler, keadaan discus/meniscus, derajat kebebasan gerak serta pengaruh gaya gravitasi. Kejadian cedera bila tidak segera ditangani maka akan mengakibatkan cedera yang lebih parah.

Kata Kunci: olahraga; cedera


The sport is inseparable from the movement which in turn will involve a variety of structures / tissues in the human body, such as joints, muscles, meniscus / disc, ligament  of capsule, and muscle. The Movement happened how ever when mobility and tissue elasticity and strength and drive standard of joint. The more mobile a joint has the consequence of the increasingly unstable joints. Instability of a joint will result in surrounding structures easily injured, especially if the elasticity and strength of the network and drive joints standard inadequate. The stability of the joints will be influenced by: its constituent bones configuration, capsule of ligament circumstances, the state of muscle force, pressure intra articuler, state disc/meniscus, degrees of freedom of movement and the influence of gravity. Accident injury of sport if not have good treatment that is can make akut injury.

Keywords: sport; injury


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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/miki.v1i1.1142

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Department of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang
Gd. F1 Lt. 1 FIK-UNNES, Jalan Raya Sekaran Gunungpati Semarang Indonesia 50229, Telp/Fax: (024) 8508007

 

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