CITY AND ‘COLONIAL GOVERNANCE’ IN LATE COLONIAL INDONESIA: TOWARDS AN AGENDA FOR HISTORICAL RESEARCH

Abdul Wahid

Abstract

Urban history is a rich and challenging field of study, which is relatively new in Indonesia. In last decade, a body of literature have been produced which examine various aspects of Indonesian urban history of the colonial period. Yet, there are still many other aspects of Indonesian urban history that is still relatively unexplored and needs further research. One of them is that the concerns with the city management, institutional arrangement, and administrative system in general. These aspects are very important to be known not only to understand how cities were governed at the time, but also to see the continuity of their legacies in the subsequent period. Indonesian cities today inherit many kinds of institutional legacies, particularly from the colonial period. Through an extensive literature overview, this paper seeks to discuss several main aspects of city management system of urban Indonesia in late colonial period, based on which it proposes some important research agenda that needs to be carried out to complement our historical comprehension on Indonesian urban history.

 

Sejarah perkotaan merupakan sebuah tema kajian yang relatif baru berkembang di Indonesia yang cukup kaya dan menantang. Dalam dekade terakhir, sejumlah besar studi telah dihasilkan mengkaji sejumlah aspek sejarah perkotaan di Indonesia masa kolonial. Namun demikian, masih banyak aspek lainnya dari sejarah perkotaan Indonesia yang belum di-sentuh dan membutuhkan kajian lebih lanjut. Di antaranya adalah berkenaan dengan tata kelola perkotaan, tata kelembagaan, dan sistem administrasi perkotaan secara keseluruhan. Aspek-aspek tersebut sangat penting dikaji selain untuk mengetahui sejarah penge-lolaan kota pada waktu itu, juga untuk melihat kesinambungan warisannya pada periode berikutnya. Kota-kota di Indonesia dewasa ini memiliki banyak sekali warisan kelembagaan, terutama dari periode kolonial. Melalui studi literatur yang ekstensif, paper ini membahas berbagai aspek penting dari sistem pengelolaan perkotaan Indonesia pada masa kolonial, dan kemudian mengusulkan berbagai agenda penelitian penting yang bisa dilakukan untuk melengkapi pemahaman historis tentang sejarah perkotaan Indonesia.

 

Keywords

urban history, institutional arrangement, city management, colonial period

Full Text:

PDF

References

Althusser, L. 2006. “Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses (Notes towards an Investigation).” In Aradhana Sharma and Akhil Gupta (Eds.). The Anthropology of the State: A Reader. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.

Basundoro, Purnawan. 2013. Merebut Ruang Kota: Aksi Rakyat Miskin Kota Surabaya, 1900-1960an. Serpong: Marjin Kiri.

Booth, Anne. 2007. “Nightwatchmen, Extractive, or Developmental States? Some Evidence from Late Colonial South-East Asia.” Economic History Review, 60(2): 241-266.

Colombijn, Freek. 1995. “The Colonial Municipal Council in Padang as Political Arena.” Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 26(2): 263-288.

Cribb, R. & Kahin, A. 2004. Historical Dictonary of Indonesia. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press.

Darwin, John. 1999. “What Was the Late Colonial State?”, Itinerario, 23(3-4): 73-82.

Elson, Robert E. 1992. “International Commerce, the State, and Society: Economic and Social Change”, in Nicholas Tarling (ed.). The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia: from c. 1800 to the 1930s. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

Encyclopaedie van Nederlandsch-Indië , 1917.

Erkelens, Monique. 2013. “The Decline of Chinese Council of Batavia: The Loss of Prestige and Authority of the Traditional Elite Amongst the Chinese Community from the End of Nineteenth Century unti 1942.” PhD Thesis, University of Leiden.

Fakih, Farabi. 1995. Membayangkan Ibukota Jakarta Di Bawah Sukarno. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak.

Furnivall, J.S. 1938/1976. Netherlands India: A Study of Plural Economy. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

Guha, Ranajit. 1997. Dominance without Hegemony: History and Power in Colonial India. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

Harvey, David. 1985. The Urbanization of Capital: Studies in the History and Theory of Urbanization. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

Haspel, Ch. van den. 1985. Overwicht in Overleg: Hervorming van Justitie, Grondgebruik en Bestuur in de Vorstenlanden op Java, 1880-1930. Dordrecht: KITLV – Foris Publication.

Houben, Vincent. 1994. Kraton and Kumpeni: Surakarta and Yogyakarta, 1830-1870. Leiden: KITLV Press.

Jaffe, James. 2015. Ironies of Colonial Governance: Law, Custom and Justice in Colonial India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kartodirdjo, Sartono. 1999. Pengantar Sejarah Indonesia Baru: Sejarah Pergerakan nasional Dari Kolonialisme Sampai Nasionalisme, Jilid 2. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Koloniaal Verslag 1940

Kuntowijoyo. 2003. Metodologi Sejarah. Yogayakarta: Tiara Wacana.

Lohanda, Mona. 1994. The Kapitan Cina of Batavia, 1837-1942: A History of Chinese Establishment in Colonial Society. Jakarta: Djambatan.

Maussen, M., Bader, V. and Moors, A. (Eds.). 2011. Colonial and Postcolonial Governance of Islam: Continuities and Ruptures. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Nordholt, Henk Schulte. 2011. “Modernity and Cultural Citizenship in the Netehrlands Indies: An Ilustrated Hypothesis.” Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 42 (3): 435-457.

Raben, Remco. 2010. “Decolonization and the Democratic Moment in Southeast Asia”, paper presented to the Conference "Eclipse of Empires: Colonial Resistance, Metropolitan Decline and Imperial Crises in the 19th and 20th Centuries", 2-3 June, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona.

Roosmalen, Pauline, K.M. 2014. “Netherlands Indies Town Planning: An Agent for Modernisation (1905-1957)”, in Freek Colombijn, et.al. (eds.). Cars, Conduit, Kampongs: The Modernization of the Indonesian City, 1920-1960. Leiden: Brill Publishers. p. 87-119.

Santun, Dedi I.M. 2011. Venesia dari Timur: Memaknai Produksi dan Reproduksi Simbolik Kota Palembang dari Kolonial sampai Pascakolonial. Yogyakarta: Ombak.

Shiraishi, Takashi. 1997. Zaman Bergerak: Radikalisme Rakyat di Jawa, 1912-1926. Jakarta: PT. Grafiti.

Stoler, A.L. 2009. Along the Arcival Grain: Epistemic Anxieties and Colonial Common Sense. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Sutherland, Heather. 1979. The Making of A Bureaucratic Elite: The Colonial Transformation of the Javanese Priyayi. Singapore: Heinemma.

United Nations Development Programme. 1997. Governance for Sustainable Human Development (New York: UNDP Policy Document). Downloaded from http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un/unpan022332.pdf, 25 August 2016.

Vlekke, Bernard H.M. 1955. Nusantara: A History of the East Indian Archipelago. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Wahid, Abdul. 2009. Bertahan di Tengah Krisis: Komunitas Tionghoa dan Ekonomi Kota Cirebon Pada Masa Depresi Ekonomi, 1930-1940. Yogyakarta: Ombak.

Wahid, Abdul. 2013. “From Revenue Farming to State Monopoly: The Political Economy of Taxationa in Colonial Indonesia, ca 1816-1942”, PhD Thesis, Universiteit Utrecht.

Wertheim, W.F. 1999. Masyarakat Indonesia dalam Transisi: Studi Perubahan Sosial. Yogyakarta: PT Tiara Wacana.

Wright, Gwendolyn. 1997. “Tradition in the Service of Modernity: Architecture and Urbanism in French Colonial Policy, 1900-1930”, in Frederick Cooper & Ann Laura Stoler (eds), Tensions of Empire: Colonial Cultures in a Burgeois World. Berkeley: University of Carolina Press. pp. 322-45.

Zanden, J.L. van. 2009. The Long Road to The Industrial Revolution: The European Economy in a Global Perspective, 1000-1800. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Zanden, J.L. van & Marks, Daan. 2012. An Economic History of Indonesia, 1800-2012. London: Routledge.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.