THE MEDIA AND SOCIO-POLITICAL CHANGE: A SNAPSHOT OF NORTH AFRICA AND GHANA’S CASE

Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Kwasi Amakye-Boateng, Richard Oware

Abstract

The mass media is a very useful tool to educate, to inform and to entertain. However, recent studies have shown that the media in whatever form has contributed immensely to bring about both social and political change in respective communities across the globe and Africa in particular. The case of Ghana has been presented from the different tangents by different authors. Significantly, this contribution pays attention to the role of the press (media) as well as the digital media in ensuring effective social and political change. In the first instance, this looks at the role of the media from the past to present and juxtaposes that with recent developments in Ghana and other African Countries. Attention is also paid to the role of the media in the respective elections in Ghana.

Keywords: Press, Mass Media, Politics, Democracy, Transitions, Political Development, Social Development

 

Media massa adalah alat yang sangat berguna untuk mendidik, menginformasikan, dan menghibur. Namun, penelitian terbaru menunjukkan bahwa media dalam bentuk apa pun telah berkontribusi besar untuk membawa perubahan sosial dan politik di komunitas masing-masing di seluruh dunia dan Afrika pada khususnya. Kasus Ghana telah disajikan dari berbagai garis singgung oleh penulis yang berbeda. Secara signifikan, kontribusi ini memperhatikan peran pers (media) serta media digital dalam memastikan perubahan sosial dan politik yang efektif. Dalam contoh pertama, ini terlihat pada peran media dari masa lalu hingga sekarang dan menyandingkan bahwa dengan perkembangan terakhir di Ghana dan negara-negara Afrika lainnya. Perhatian juga diberikan pada peran media dalam pemilihan masing-masing di Ghana.

Kata kunci: Pers, Media Massa, Politik,   Demokrasi, Transisi, Perkembangan Politik, Pembangunan Sosial

 

Keywords

Press, Mass Media, Politics, Democracy, Transitions, Political Development, Social Development

Full Text:

PDF

References

Akinfeleye, R. A. (2003). Fourth Estate of the Realm or Fourth Estate of the Wreck: Imperative of Social Responsibility of the press. Lagos: University of Lagos Press.

Anokwa, K. (1997). Press performance under civilian and military regimes in Ghana: A reassessment of past and present knowledge. Press freedom and communication in Africa, 3-28.

Ansah, P. A. (1991). Blueprint for freedom. Index on censorship, 20(9), 3-8.

Asante, C. E. (1996). The press in Ghana: Problems and prospects. University Press of Amer.

Becker, L.B, Whitney, D.C. (1980). Effects of Media Dependencies: Audience Assessment and Government. Communications Research, 7, 95-120

Besley, T, and Robin Burgess. (2001). Political agency, government responsiveness and the role of the media. European Economic Review, 45 (4), 629-640.

Calhoun, C. (1988). Populist politics, communications media and large-scale societal integration. Sociological theory, 1988, 219-241.

Definition of the Press. (n.d). Retrieved 11th August 2017 from https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/the-press,.

Election Results in Ghana. (n.d). Retrieved 11th August 2017 from http://ghanaelections.peacefmonline.com/pages/2000a/greateraccra.html

Election Results in Ghana. (n.d). Retrieved 11th August 2017 from ghanaelections.peacefmonline.com/pages/2008a/greateraccra.html

Ernesto, L., & Chantal, M. (1985). Hegemony and socialist strategy: towards a radical democratic politics. New York: Verso.

Howard, P. N., and M. M. Hussain. (2011). The role of digital media. Journal of democracy, 22 (3), 35-48.

McLeod, J.M., D.A. Scheufele, and P.Moy. (1999). Community, communication, and participation: The role of mass media and interpersonal discussion in local political participation. Political communication, 16(3), 315-336.

Moeller, S. D. (1999). Compassion fatigue: How the media sell disease, famine, war and death. Psychology Press.

Mutz, Diana C. "Facilitating communication across lines of political difference: The role of mass media." American Political Science Review 95, no. 1 (2001): 97-114.

Obeng-Odoom, F. (2010). An urban twist to politics in Ghana. Habitat International, 34(4), 392-399.

Profile of Muammar Gaddafi. (2011). Retrieved 12th September 2017 from http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/2011/08/201182252 731118336.html.

Temin, J., & Smith, D. A. (2002). Media matters: Evaluating the role of the media in Ghana's 2000 elections. African Affairs, 101(405), 585-605

Vedlitz, A., Veblen, E. P., “Voting and Contacting: Two forms of Participation in a Suburban Community” Urban Affairs Quarterly, 16, 31-48

What is Social Media?. (2017). Retrieved 11th August 2017 from http://communications.tufts.edu/marketing-and-branding/social-media-overview/

What is electronic Media? Definition and Meaning. (n.d.) Retrieved 11th August 2017 from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/electronic-media.html

World Bank. (2000). “Attacking Poverty” World Development Report 2000/2001. Retrieved from http://www.worldbank.org/poverty/wdrpoverty/report/index.htm.

Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali. (2018, 30 August) Retrieved 12th September 2017 from https://www.britannica.com/print/article/60277.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.