Analysis of Physical Environmental Factors Affecting the Incidence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Magelang City

Arnies Mega Preztiana(1), Bambang Budi Raharjo(2), Yuni Wijayanti(3),

(1) Pascasarjana, Universitas Negeri Semarang
(2) Pascasarjana, Universitas Negeri Semarang
(3) Pascasarjana, Universitas Negeri Semarang


Efforts to improve public health are based on community participation in overcoming the environment because the environment is one of the factors that play a role in the emergence of a disease. In 2015, the Central Java government determined the most located area in Pemalang Regency which was later determined by a Regent's Decree. There are four sub-districts in the Pemalang Regency area which are included in the category that does not have latrines, namely Pemalang, Taman, Petarukan, and Comal sub-districts.The purpose of the study was to analyze the factors that influence community participation in the construction of family latrines in Petarukan District, Pemalang Regency. This study used a cross sectional design. The sampling technique is proportional stratified simple random sampling. The population is 3,882 households in 3 urban village/village, while the sample is 100. The instrument uses a questionnaire sheet. Data were analyzed by univariate, bivariate with Chi Square and multivariate with logistic regression. The results of the Chi square test show that knowledge factors that influence participation in latrine construction are age (p = 0.02), education (p = 0.01), income (p = 0.00), and (p = 0.00) . The results of the logistic regression showed that the factors that had the most influence on community participation in latrine construction were the level of knowledge.


participation; latrine; family

Full Text:



Alemu, F., Kumie, A., Medhin, G., & Gasana, J. (2018). The role of psychological factors in predicting latrine ownership and consistent latrine use in rural Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 18(229), 1–12.

Azwinsyah, F., Dharma, S., & Santi, DN (2014). Factors Associated with Low Ownership of Family Toilets and Personal Hygiene with the Incidence of Diarrhea in Sei Musam Kendit Village, Bahorok District, Langkat Regency, 2014. Journal of Environmental Health, 3(3), 1–9.

Delea, MG, Nagel, CL, Thomas, EA, Halder, AK, Amin, N., Shoab, AK, … Clasen, TF (2017). Comparison of respondent-reported and censorship-recorded latrine use measures in rural Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 111(7), 308–315.

MOH, R. (1999). Health Development Plan towards Healthy Indonesia 2010. Jakarta

Fatma, F., & Putra, VJA (2018). Use of Sanitary Latrine in Jorong Uba Kenagarian Koto. Journal of Human Care, 3(3), 169-174.

Gomez, JD, & Graham, JP (2004). Community participation in dry sanitation projects. Water Policy, 6(3), 249–262.

Hamzah, B (2014). An overview of the use of clean water facilities and family latrines carried out through the PAB-PLP Project. University of Northern Sumatra. (Accessed on December 21, 2020).

Heijnen, M., Routray, P., Torondel, B., & Clasen, T. (2015). Neighbor-shared versus communal latrines in urban slums: A cross-sectional study in Orissa, India exploring household demographics, accessibility, privacy, use and cleanliness. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 109(11), 690–699.

Horhoruw, A., Widagdo, L., Maluku, PK, Nursing, J., Promotion, M., University, K., & Semarang, D. (2014). Behavior of the Head of the Family in Using Toilets in Tawiri Village, Teluk Ambon District, Ambon City. Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion, 9(2), 226–237.

Jain, A., Fernald, LCH, Smith, KR, & Subramanian, SV (2019). Sanitation in rural India: Exploring the relationship between living space and household latrine ownership. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(5), 1–14.

Kema, K., Semali, I., Mkuwa, S., Kagonji, I., Temu, F., Ilako, F., & Mkuye, M. (2012). Factors influencing utilization of better ventilated latrines among communities in Mtwara Rural District, Tanzania. Pan African Medical Journal, 1(4), 1-5.

Majorin, F., Nagel, CL, Torondel, B., Routray, P., Rout, M., & Clasen, TF (2019). Determinants of disposal of child faeces in latrines in urban slums of Odisha, India: A cross-sectional study. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 113(5), 263–272.

Mardotillah, M., Gunawan, B., Soemarwoto, RS, & Raksanagara, AS (2018). The Role of Enabling and Reinforcing Factors in Access to Healthy Urban Toilets. Journal of Anthropology, 20(2), 165–178.

Novela, V., Dewata, I., & Azka, N. (2018). Analysis of the Utilization of the Thousand Latrine Movement Program for the 2013/2014 Fiscal Year in Fifty Cities District. Andalas Health Journal, 7(1), 6–13.

Novitry, F., & Agustin, R. (2017). Determinants of Healthy Latrine Ownership in Sukomulyo Martapura Village, Palembang. Aisha: Journal of Public Health Sciences, 2(2), 107–116.

Nunbogu, AM, Harter, M., & Mosler, HJ (2019). Factors associated with levels of latrine completion and consequent latrine use in northern Ghana. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(6), 1–18.

Paramita, RD, & Sulistyorin, L. (2015). The attitude of the head of the family affects the low use of latrines in RW 02 Gempolklutuk Village, Tarik District, Sidoarjo Regency. Journal of Environmental Health, 8(2), 184–194.

Pebriani, R. (2012). Factors related to the use of family latrine facilities and the incidence of diarrhea in Tulang Sembilar Village. University of North Sumatra, Medan.

Ross, RK, King, JD, Damte, M., Ayalew, F., Gebre, T., Cromwell, EA, … Emerson, PM (2011). Evaluation of household latrine coverage in Kewot woreda, Ethiopia, 3 years after implementing interventions to control blinding trachoma. International Health, 3(4), 251–258.

Routray, P., Torondel, B., Clasen, T., & Schmidt, WP (2017). Women's role in sanitation decision making in rural coastal Odisha, India. PLoS ONE, 12(5), 1–17.

Rotondo, LA, Ngondi, J., Rodgers, AF, King, JD, Kamissoko, Y., Amadou, A., … Emerson, PM (2009). Evaluation of community intervention with pit latrines for trachoma control in Ghana, Mali, Niger and Nigeria. International Health, 1(2), 154–162.

Sari, AN (2016). Relationship of Knowledge Level, Attitude and Income Level with Family Defecation Behavior in Kerjokidul Village, Ngadirojo District, Wonogiri Regency. Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta.

Simms, VM, Makalo, P., Bailey, RL, & Emerson, PM (2005). Sustainability and acceptability of latrine provision in The Gambia. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 99(8), 631–637.

Slamet. (2003). Community Development Insights of Participation. Surakarta: Eleven Maret University Press.

Soetomo. (2006). Community Development Strategies. Yogyakarta: Student Library.

Syahrir, S., Syamsul, M., Aswadi, Surahmati, & Aeni, S. (2019). Factors Associated with Family Latrine Ownership in the Work Area of Pertiwi Health Center Makassar City. Higine, 5(1), 52–59.

Wijayanti, AK, Widagdo, L., & Shaluhiyah, Z. (2016). Factors related to defecation in latrines in Gunungsari Village, Pulosari District, Pemalang Regency. Journal of Public Health (E-Journal), 4(1), 450–460.

Wirawan, P., Razak, A., & Dewata, I. (2017). Relationship of Education, Income, Knowledge and Community Attitudes with Utilization of Communal MCK. Promotive: Journal of Public Health, 7(2), 136–145.

Yuningsih, R. (2019). Health Promotion Strategy in Improving the Quality of Environmental Sanitation. Journal of Social Problems, 10(2), 107–118.

Zahrina, AF, Suryadi, & Suwondo. (2015). Implementation of the Community-Based Sanitation Movement Program in Environmental Control (Case Study in Perning Village, Jatikalen District, Nganjuk Regency). Journal of Public Administration (JAP), 3(11), 1832–1836.

Zeleke, DA, Gelaye, KA, & Mekonnen, FA (2019). Community-Led Total Sanitation and the rate of latrine ownership. BMC Research Notes, 12(14), 1–5.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

View My Stats