A Novel Construction of Perfect Strict Avalanche Criterion S-box using Simple Irreducible Polynomials

Alamsyah Alamsyah

Abstract


An irreducible polynomial is one of the main components in building an S-box with an algebraic technique approach. The selection of the precise irreducible polynomial will determine the quality of the S-box produced. One method for determining good S-box quality is strict avalanche criterion will be perfect if it has a value of 0.5. Unfortunately, in previous studies, the strict avalanche criterion value of the S-box produced still did not reach perfect value. In this paper, we will discuss S-box construction using selected irreducible polynomials. This selection is based on the number of elements of the least amount of irreducible polynomials that make it easier to construct S-box construction. There are 17 irreducible polynomials that meet these criteria. The strict avalanche criterion test results show that the irreducible polynomial p17(x) =x8 + x7 + x6 + x + 1 is the best with a perfect SAC value of 0.5. One indicator that a robust S-box is an ideal strict avalanche criterion value of 0.5


Keywords


Strict Avalanche Criterion; S-box; Irreducible Polynomial; Algebraic Technique

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/sji.v7i1.24006

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