The Significance of the Caste System of Balinese in the Modern Era: A Discourse of Cultural Communication

Lambok Hermanto Sihombing(1),

(1) President University


Bali is an island and a province with a beautiful culture. Most Balinese are Hinduism. Like in any other country, Balinese Hinduism also adopts the caste system. The caste system in Hinduism means that people are classified based on their social status. Balinese people live in a complex caste system relationship that has continued to exist since the days of the kingdom in Indonesia. This research aims to know the perception of the Balinese local people against the caste system in the modern era. The method used in this research is by interviewing one local Balinese person from each caste who might be related and an expert from each caste, analyzed uy using the perspective of Arjun Appadurai. This research finds that the caste system is no longer a determinant of success in the modern era. However, the caste system still affects the way of communication among the people of Bali, and the imprints can still be found in the daily life of the locals.   



Balinese; caste system; culture; communication; Hinduism

Full Text:



Appadurai, A. (2008). Theory in Anthropology: Center and Periphery. Cambridge University Press, 357-359.

Appadurai, A. (1990). Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy. Theory, Culture & Society, 7(2–3), 295–310.

Durham, Meenakshi Gigi; Kellner, Douglas M.. (2006). Media and Cultural Studies. 9600 Garsington Road, Oxford OX4 2DQ, UK: Blackwell Publishing.

Hidayat, A. (2012, October 14). Penelitian Kualitatif: Penjelasan Lengkap. Retrieved March 16, 2021 from Statiskian:,sampel%20sumber%20data%20dilakukan%20secara

Mangundjaya, W. L. H. (2013). Is there cultural change in the national cultures of Indonesia? In Y. Kashima, E. S. Kashima, & R. Beatson (Eds.), Steering the cultural dynamics: Selected papers from the 2010 Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology

Mohammed, S. N. (2012). Communication and the GloBalization of Culture: Beyond Tradition and Borders (Reprint ed.). Lexington Books.

Pieterse, N. J. (2019). GloBalization and Culture: Global Mélange (4th ed.). Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Robinson. Andrew (2012, January 11). An A-Z of theory Arjun Appadurai. Ceasefire Magazine. theory-appadurai/#:%7E:text=According%20to%20Appadurai%2C%20the%20dangerous,of%20uncertainty%2C%20such%20as%20todayTaylor, Jean Gelman (2003). Indonesia peoples and Histories. ISBN 0-300-10518-5.

Xinhua News (2017). "UNESCO grants Indonesia's angklung cultural heritage title".


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.