Sociology of Space: The Elderly Activity Space Before and During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Wijayanti Wijayanti(1), Ria Ripardi Wahyu Lestari(2),

(1) Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University Semarang
(2) Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University Semarang


The current pandemic has an impact on all lines of life, especially on elderly people with vulnerable or declining health status. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, the elderly were active in activities inside and outside their homes to fill their spare time in their old age, but during social restrictions and physical distancing, they were forced to stay in their homes for an indefinite time. Through qualitative methods, this research explores the activity space of elderly women who are still active in daily activities both at home and in their neighborhood before the pandemic and during the pandemic where government policies limit/influence the activities of the elderly. Participants of the research are 60 years old elderly women and over (WHO, 2020) who live in Banyumanik residence. The results showed that there was a decrease in the scale of the activity space used by the elderly during the pandemic, namely from the environmental space scale to the residential space scale.

Full Text:



Adhikari, S. P., Meng, S., Wu, Y.-J., Mao, Y.-P., Ye, R.-X., Wang, Q.-Z., Sun, C., Sylvia, S., Rozelle, S., Raat, H., & others. (2020). Epidemiology, causes, clinical manifestation and diagnosis, prevention and control of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) during the early outbreak period: a scoping review. Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 9(1), 1–12.

Al Mubarroh, N. R., Susanto, I. H., & Mustar, Y. S. (2021). Aktivitas fisik dan aspek kekhawatiran lansia pada masa pandemi Covid-19. Altius: Jurnal Ilmu Olahraga Dan Kesehatan, 10(1), 97–111.

Astuti, R. W., & Hidayat, F. R. (2020). Hubungan Aktivitas Sosial dan Spiritual Terhadap Kemandirian Lansia di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha Nirwana Puri Samarinda. Borneo Student Research (BSR), 1(3), 1687–1692.

BPS. (2021). Statistik Penduduk Lanjut Usia 2021.

Bu, J., Yin, J., Yu, Y., & Zhan, Y. (2021). Identifying the daily activity spaces of older adults living in a high-density urban area: A study using the smartphone-based global positioning system trajectory in shanghai. Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(9).

Campbell, J. P., & Turner, J. E. (2018). Debunking the myth of exercise-induced immune suppression: redefining the impact of exercise on immunological health across the lifespan. Frontiers in Immunology, 648.

Carriedo, A., Cecchini, J. A., Fernandez-Rio, J., & Méndez-Giménez, A. (2020). COVID-19, psychological well-being and physical activity levels in older adults during the nationwide lockdown in Spain. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28(11), 1146–1155.

Chee, S. Y. (2020). COVID-19 Pandemic: The Lived Experiences of Older Adults in Aged Care Homes. Millennial Asia, 11(3), 299–317.

Constandt, B., Thibaut, E., De Bosscher, V., Scheerder, J., Ricour, M., & Willem, A. (2020). Exercising in times of lockdown: An analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on levels and patterns of exercise among adults in Belgium. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(11), 4144.

Cunningham, C., & O’Sullivan, R. (2020). Why physical activity matters for older adults in a time of pandemic. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 17(1), 1–4.

Dewi, S. K. (2018). Level Aktivitas Fisik dan Kualitas Hidup Warga Lanjut Usia. Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia, 14(3), 241.

Emami, A., Javanmardi, F., Pirbonyeh, N., & Akbari, A. (2020). Prevalence of underlying diseases in hospitalized patients with COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine, 8(1).

Falvo, I., Zufferey, M. C., Albanese, E., & Fadda, M. (2021). Lived experiences of older adults during the first COVID-19 lockdown: A qualitative study. Plos One, 16(6), e0252101.

Indarwati, R. (2020). Lindungi Lansia dari Covid-19. Indonesian Journal of Community Health Nursing, 5(1).

Jones, M., & Pebley, A. R. (2014). Redefining neighborhoods using common destinations: Social characteristics of activity spaces and home census tracts compared. Demography, 51(3), 727–752.

Kodama, S., Saito, K., Tanaka, S., Maki, M., Yachi, Y., Asumi, M., Sugawara, A., Totsuka, K., Shimano, H., Ohashi, Y., & others. (2009). Cardiorespiratory fitness as a quantitative predictor of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in healthy men and women: a meta-analysis. Jama, 301(19), 2024–2035.

Lai, C.-C., Shih, T.-P., Ko, W.-C., Tang, H.-J., & Hsueh, P.-R. (2020). Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19): The epidemic and the challenges. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 55(3), 105924.

Maidinita, D., Hardiman, G., & Prianto, E. (2009). Pola Ruang luar Kawasan perumahan dan Kenyamanan Thermal di Semarang. Jurnal Riptek, 3(2), 21–26.

Marpaung, E. A. K. (2021). Isolasi Sosial Yang Dialami Lansia Pada Masa Pandemi Covid 19 di HKBP Gedung Johor. Medan.

Napitupulu, Y. (2013). Hubungan aktivitas sehari-hari dan successful aging pada lansia. Universitas Brawijaya.

Nurbaity, D. P. (2016). Penataan Ruang Luar Kampung Nelayan Berbasis Pada Social-Activity (Studi Kasus: Kampung Nelayan Lapulu--Kota Kendari). Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya.

Organization, W. H. (2019). Global action plan on physical activity 2018-2030: more active people for a healthier world. World Health Organization.

Purnama, H. ., & Suahda, T. (2019). Tingkat Aktivitas Fisik Pada Lansia di Provinsi Jawa Barat, Indonesia. 5(2).

Rainham, D., McDowell, I., Krewski, D., & Sawada, M. (2010). Conceptualizing the healthscape: contributions of time geography, location technologies and spatial ecology to place and health research. Social Science & Medicine, 70(5), 668–676.

Sauliyusta, M., & Rekawati, E. (2016). Aktivitas fisik memengaruhi fungsi kognitif lansia. Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia, 19(2), 71–77.

Simon, S., Tinungki, Y. L., & Tuwohingide, Y. E. (2016). Gambaran Aktivitas Fisik pada Lansia di Kampung Kumai Kecamatan Tabukan Tengah. Jurnal Ilmiah Tindalung, 2(2), 76–79.

Sirnani, D. T., Handajani, R. P., & Astrini, W. (2016). Ruang Dalam Rumah Tinggal Lansia Di Kota Malang dengan Pendekatan Kemunduran Motorik Studi Kasus Nyeri Lutut dan Nyeri Punggung Bawah. Jurnal Mahasiswa Jurusan Arsitektur, 4(4).

Sugiyama, T., & Thompson, C. W. (2006). Environmental support for outdoor activities and older people’s quality of life. Journal of Housing for the Elderly, 19(3–4), 167–185.

Wicaksono, A. (2020). Aktivitas Fisik Yang Aman Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Ilmu Keolahragaan Undiksha, 8(1), 10–15.

York Cornwell, E., & Cagney, K. A. (2017). Aging in activity space: results from smartphone-based GPS-tracking of urban seniors. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 72(5), 864–875.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.