The Role of ASEAN in Dispute Resolution between Thailand and Cambodia

Main Article Content

Herning Setyowati
Alma Nurulita


This paper scrutinizes the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)'s involvement in mitigating the territorial and cultural disputes between Thailand and Cambodia, particularly centered on the contentious Preah Vihear Temple. The study assesses ASEAN's efficacy in resolving these disputes through diplomatic channels and mediation efforts. By analyzing ASEAN's mechanisms and diplomatic initiatives, the paper sheds light on the organization's role as a regional mediator in fostering peaceful resolution. ASEAN's engagement in the Thailand-Cambodia disputes reflects its commitment to the principles of conflict resolution and regional stability. Through mechanisms such as the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) and the ASEAN Way, ASEAN has provided platforms for dialogue and negotiation between the two nations. Additionally, ASEAN's efforts have included diplomatic interventions and initiatives aimed at de-escalating tensions and promoting mutual understanding. However, ASEAN's role in dispute resolution faces challenges stemming from complex historical grievances, power dynamics, and divergent national interests. The principle of non-interference, a cornerstone of ASEAN's approach, sometimes limits the organization's ability to intervene effectively in member states' internal affairs. Moreover, ASEAN's consensus-based decision-making process can impede swift action in resolving conflicts. Nevertheless, ASEAN's engagement in the Thailand-Cambodia disputes highlights the organization's potential as a regional peacemaker. By fostering dialogue, promoting confidence-building measures, and providing diplomatic support, ASEAN contributes to the maintenance of peace and stability in Southeast Asia. Through a comprehensive analysis of ASEAN's role in this specific context, this paper offers insights into the organization's capacity to address interstate conflicts and advance regional cooperation.

Article Details

How to Cite
Setyowati, Herning, and Alma Nurulita. 2023. “The Role of ASEAN in Dispute Resolution Between Thailand and Cambodia”. International Law Discourse in Southeast Asia 2 (1), 149-70.


Allott, Philip. "The concept of international law." European Journal of International Law 10.1 (1999): 31-50.

Amer, Ramses. "The Association of Southeast Asian Nations'(ASEAN): conflict management approach revisited; will the charter reinforce ASEAN's role?." ASEAS-Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies 2.2 (2009): 6-27.

Ariadno, Melda Kamil, et al. "Pembangunan Bertahap Sistem Hukum Komunitas ASEAN." Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan 42.4 (2012): 550-581.

Arifin, Saru. Hukum Perbatasan Darat Antar Negara (Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2014), pp. 190-192.

Chachavalpongpun, Pavin. "Thai-Cambodian Conflict: The Failure of ASEANs Dispute Settlement Mechanisms." Asian Journal of Peacebuilding 1.1 (2013): 65-86.

Danilenko, Gennadiĭ Mikhaĭlovich. Law-making in the International Community. Vol. 15. Brill, 2024.

Feraru, Atena S. "ASEAN decision-making process: Before and after the ASEAN Charter." Asian Development Policy Review 4.1 (2016): 26-41.

Hathaway, Oona A. "Between power and principle: An integrated theory of international law." The University of Chicago Law Review (2005): 469-536.

Istanto, F. Sugeng Hukum Internasional (Yogyakarta: UAJY Press, 2010).

Janis, Mark Weston. "Individuals as Subjects of International Law." Cornell International Law Journal 17.61 (1984).

Kelsen, Hans. Principles of International Law. The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., 2003.

Krenz, Frank E. "The refugee as a subject of international law." International & Comparative Law Quarterly 15.1 (1966): 90-116.

Kusumaatmadja, Mochtar and Etty R. Agoes, Pengantar Hukum Internasional. (Bandung: PT Alumni, 2003).

Lin, Chun Hung. "ASEAN Charter: deeper regional integration under international law?." Chinese Journal of International Law 9.4 (2010): 821-837.

Lorca, Arnulf Becker. "International Law in Latin America or Latin American International Law? Rise, Fall, and Retrieval of a Tradition of Legal Thinking and Political Imagination." Harvard International Law Journal 47.3 (2006): 283-305.

Lowe, Alan Vaughan. International Law. Oxford University Press, 2007.

Mangku, Dewa Gede Sudika. "Peluang dan tantangan ASEAN dalam penyelesaian sengketa Kuil Preah Vihear di perbatasan Kamboja dan Thailand." Pandecta Research Law Journal 6.2 (2011).

Obregón, Liliana. "Latin American international law." Routledge Handbook of International Law. Routledge, 2009. 154-164.

Phan, Hao Duy. "Towards a rules-based ASEAN: the protocol to the ASEAN Charter on dispute settlement mechanisms." Arbitration Law Review 5.1 (2013): 254-276.

Simma, Bruno. "The Contribution of Alfred Verdross to the Theory of International Law." European Journal of International Law 6.1 (1995): 33-33.

Singhaputargun, Nichan. "The Thailand–Cambodia Preah Vihear Temple Dispute: Its Past, Present and Future." Contemporary Conflicts in Southeast Asia: Towards a New ASEAN Way of Conflict Management (2016): 111-135.

Sothirak, Pou. "Cambodia's Border Conflict with Thailand." Southeast Asian Affairs 2013.1 (2013): 87-100.

Starke, J. G. "Elements of the Sociology of International Law." The Australian Year Book of International Law Online 1.1 (1966): 119-136.

Starke, J.G. Pengantar Hukum Internasional (Jakarta: Sinar Grafika,1995).

Turcsányi, Richard Q., and Zdeněk Kříž. "ASEAN and the Thai-Cambodian Conflict: The Final Stage at Preah Vihear?." Unresolved border, land and maritime disputes in Southeast Asia. Brill, 2017. 83-109.

Wagener, Martin. "Lessons from Preah Vihear: Thailand, Cambodia, and the nature of low-intensity border conflicts." Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs 30.3 (2011): 27-59.

Walter, Christian. "Subjects of international law." Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law 9 (2007): 634-43.

Wijaya, Deva Eky. "ASEAN's Role in Thailand's Border Conflict With Cambodia." Journal of Contemporary East Asia Studies 8.2 (2016): 177-190.

Yoosuk, Ubonwan. "The Preah Vihear Temple: Roots of Thailand-Cambodia Border Dispute." International Journal of Asian Social Science 3.4 (2013): 921-929.