SUICIDE IDEATION PADA REMAJA DI KOTA SEMARANG

  • Jeli Pratiwi Jurusan Psikologi Universitas Negeri Semarang
  • Anna Undarwati Jurusan Psikologi Universitas Negeri Semarang
Keywords: suicide ideation, adolescent.

Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui keparahan dan intensitas suicide ideation yang terjadi pada remaja serta faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi suicide ideation pada remaja khususnya di kota Semarang. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah remaja di Kota Semarang yang berusia 12 sampai 22 tahun dan masih menempuh pendidikan baik di tingkat SMP dan SMA sederajat serta di Perguruan Tinggi. Teknik sampling yang digunakan diantaranya: teknik sampel random, sampel proporsional,dan accidental sampling. Metode pengumpulan data dengan memodifikasi pada Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) disertai sebuah pertanyaan terbuka untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi suicide ideation. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sekitar satu per tiga remaja dari 442 responden memiliki atau pernah mengalami suicide ideation. Secara umum keparahan suicide ideation yang dialami responden belum termasuk dalam kategori serius dengan intensitas rendah. Berbagai faktor yang mempengaruhi suicide ideation pada remaja, seperti: masalah keluarga, percintaan, tekanan psikologis, permasalahan yang dihadapi, kurang memperoleh perhatian, masalah di sekolah, pertemanan, harga diri rendah, tekanan sosial dan ekonomi, bosan hidup, putus asa, kesehatan, kematian seseorang, takut masa depan, dan kegagalan. Diketahui pula metode dalam suicide ideation seperti dengan overdosis obat, melompat dari ketinggian, menggunakan senjata tajam, bunuh diri di jalan, gantung diri, menenggelamkan diri, tidak makan, dan menghentikan pengobatan.

 

The purpose of this research is to know the severity and intensity of suicide ideation happens to adolescent as well as the factors that influence suicide ideation in adolescent particularly in Semarang city. The population in this research were adolescents in Semarang aged 12 to 22 years old and still studying at both the junior and senior high school or equivalent and at college. The sampling techniques used include: random sampling technique, the sample proportionate, and accidental sampling. Method of collecting data by modifying the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) accompanied by an open question to find out the factors that influence suicide ideation. The results showed about one-third of the 442 respondents have or had experienced suicide ideation. In general, the severity of suicide ideation experienced by respondents are not included in the serious category of low intensity. Various factors influencing suicide ideation in adolescent, such as: family issues, romance, psychological distress, problems encountered, less gained the attention, problems at school, friendship, low self esteem, social and economic pressures, bored, hopeless, health, death of a person, fear of the future, and failure. Also known as a method in suicide ideation with a drug overdose, jumping from a height, using a sharp weapon, commits suicide in the street, hanging himself, drown himself, not eating, and stopping treatment.

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Published
2014-10-15
Section
Articles