Recidivism is a growing problem in the world â€“ in Nigeria and Kwara State inclusive. Therefore, this study investigated solutions to recidivism as perceived by prison officers in Kwara State. The contributions of moderating variables of gender, religion and years in service were also investigated. Descriptive research design was adopted for the study. The population comprised all the prison officers estimated at 615 in Kwara State. Multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted to select 250 prison officers from all the five prison centers in Kwara State. A questionnaire that was designed by the researchers served as the instrument for data collection. The validity and reliability of the instrument were duly established. The data were analysed using percentages, t-test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that recidivism rate will be drastically reduced if prison rehabilitation programmes are being handled by professionally trained rehabilitation counsellor, if ex-convicts are assisted to utilize the entrepreneurial skills acquired in prison, and if there is a periodic evaluation of prison reformation and rehabilitation programme to ensure that the goals are being achieved. The findings further revealed significant differences in solutions to recidivism as perceived by Prison Officers in Kwara State based on religion and years in service but no significant difference was found based on gender. The findings imply that counsellors need to beam their searchlight into issues of crime, imprisonment and recidivism; counselors in-training need to be trained on strategies for rendering rehabilitation services to prison inmates.
Chukwumerije, U. (2012). Explanatory memorandum on amendment of prison act. Retrieved on 1st March, 2017 from http://www.Senatorchukwumerije/id63html
Donald, H. M. & Theresa, L. W. (2014). Multistage sampling: Definition, real life examples. Retrieved from http://www.statisticshowto.com/multistage-sampling/
Doug, H. (2010). Six evidence-based practices proven to lower recidivism. Learning to trust the research. Retrieved on 15th February, 2018 from https://www.correctionsone.com/re-entry-and-recidivism/articles/2030030-6-evidence-based-practices-proven-to-lower-recidivism/
Durose, A. D. (2014). Recidivism of prisoners released in 30 states in 2005: Patterns from 2005 to 2010.Retrieved on 10th January, 2017 from http: //www.bjs.gov.
Lerer, T. &Stahly-Butts, M. (2013). Approach to reducing recidivism: Model state survey.Criminal Justice Clinic, Jerome N. Frank Legal Services Organization, Yale, USA.
Lerman, A. E., & Page, J. (2012). The state of the job: An embedded work role perspective on prison officersâ€™ attitudes. Punishment & Society, 14(5), 503-529. doi:10.1177/1462474512464135
McKean, L. &Ransford, C. (2004). Current strategies for reducing recidivism.Center for impact research. 926 N. Wolcott Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved on 10th January, 2018 from www.impactresearch.org.
Merriam-Webster Dictionary (2017). Recidivist/recidivism. Retrieved on 13th November, 2016 from www.merriam-webster.com/recidivist.htm.
Otu, M. S. &Uchenna, M. N. (2014). The impact of prison conditions and social forces on criminal. Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Faculty of Social Sciences Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki.
Pew Centre on the States Reports (2011). State of recidivism: The Revolving door of America's prisons. Retrieved on 13th November, 2016 from http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/reports/0001/01/01/state-of-recidivism
Schubert, J. (2016). Recidivism: Definition, causes and prevention. Retrieved on 9th December, 2016 fromwww.study.com
Warren, R. (2007). Evidence-Based Practice to Reduce Recidivism: Implications for State Judiciaries. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Corrections. Retrieved from www.nicic.org 13th November, 2017.