Journal of Educational Social Studies <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Indonesian Version</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Jurnal ini menerbitkan artikel-artikel hasil penelitian dan pemikiran dengan tema yang berkaitan dengan pendidikan dan pembelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial (IPS) di sekolah dan mengkaji masalah-masalah sosial.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>English Version</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This journal publishes articles of original research and conceptual studies with themes related to education and learning in the field of social science at schools and to study social problems.</p> en-US Journal of Educational Social Studies 2252-6390 Change of Adolescent Behavior by Information Technology in Pekuwon village Juwana District, Pati <p>Modern information technology with various types and forms and facilities has been developed in many urban and rural areas. The tendency of adolescents to imitate the various information that can be obtained from technology. The purpose of this study is to describe: (1) utilization of information technology by youth Pekuwon village, Pati regency, (2) parental supervision on the use of information technology by adolescents in Pekuwon village, Pati Regency,&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; (3) changes in adolescent behavior in connection with information technology in Pekuwon village. The location of this research is Pekuwon village Juwana sub-district. This research uses qualitative approach. The results of this study indicate that information technology in Pekuwon village trends are used for entertainment and support learning. There are 4 categories of families in providing youth supervision: (1) the family category that provides strict supervision, with an educated family background that cares for youth development, (2) the family categories that do not provide supervision (release) of adolescents with poor educated family background who are less concerned about adolescents, (3) the family category that provides supervision on certain things such as study time and prayer time, with educated family background that has been flexible in understanding the development of the times, (4) the family category that carries out supervision is an appeal, with the background as the village party who cares about adolescent development. Changes in adolescent behavior after the existence of information technology in Pekuwon village in the form of positive or negative behavior. The changes are categorized into 3 types, namely: shifts in cultural values, shifts in religious values, and asocial. This proves the truth of the theory of the arena-habitat of Piere Bourdieu.</p> Joko Prasetyo Hamdan Tri Atmaja Eko Handoyo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-01-14 2019-01-14 8 1 1 9 Conflict Reality of the Implementation of Ngabul Village Market Relocation Policy <p>The Ngabul market relocation in the process of implementation caused social problems, the majority of market traders who were members of the Ngabul market traders association rejected the policy. This study aims to analyze the occurrence of conflict in the process of implementing the market relocation policy of the Annual District of Ngabul in Jepara Regency. This study uses a qualitative approach. The technique of collecting data through in-depth interview, observation and document study. The data analysis in this study used Spradley model analysis techniques, including domain analysis, taxonomic analysis, compound analysis, and analysis of cultural themes. The results showed that the conflict in the implementation process of Ngabul market relocation policy was caused by differences of opinion between related parties, communication problems, and differences in the disposition of policy implementers with market traders, village authorities continued to develop new markets, after the market was inaugurated, the majority of market traders long time they maintain their attitude not to occupy new markets and they prefer to sell in the emerging market that is built with self-financing on land owned by residents. The findings of this study are the reality of the causes of conflict in the implementation of Ngabul village market relocation policy can be categorized into Ralf Dahrendorf's conflict theory. The reality of the conflict cannot be separated from the theory of Edward III's policy implementation. The benefits of the findings of this study can be used as a reference for the preparation of strategic steps in solving the problem of market relocation.</p> Syaiful Amri Etty Soesilowati Thriwaty Arsal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-01-14 2019-01-14 8 1 10 18 The Role of Social Media, Family and School in Building Indonesian Values to Multi-Ethnic Students at SMP Negeri 2 Pekalongan <p>The interaction among Javanese, Arabic and Chinese students at SMP Negeri 2 Pekalongan requires the role of family and school in creating a harmonious atmosphere amid social media hoax information. This study aims to analyze the role of social media, family, and school in building Indonesian values. This research was conducted qualitatively with a phenomenology approach. Research data sources were students, parents, curriculum representatives, and social studies teachers. The technique of collecting data was through interviews, observations, and study documents that tested their validity through source triangulation techniques. The results of the study indicate that social media was used by students to add insight into Indonesian cultures, such as learning traditions from other regions so that they can appreciate differences. Parents took a role in building Indonesian values ​​through application in daily life, such as teaching the children to respect and tolerate people from other ethnicities or religions; for instance, respecting their neighbors from other religions to carry out their worship. School took a role in building the Indonesian value of children through school programs such as program smile, greet, salutation, polite and courteous. This program requires the students to be friendly and polite to anyone in the school environment.</p> Nisa Kusumaningtyas Hamdan Tri Atmaja Subagyo Subagyo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-05 2019-02-05 8 1 19 26 The Implementation of Multicultural Values on Vocational High School Students (A Research at Bagimu Negeriku Vocational High School Semarang) <p>Bagimu Negeriku Vocational High School covers students from diverse cultural, religious, racial and ethnic backgrounds. This security requires the school to instill multicultural values in order to create a harmonious environment. The&nbsp;study aims to analyze the implementation of multicultural values applied by the school. This study was conducted qualitatively with a phenomenology approach. The research data sources were students, social studies teachers, student representatives, and school principals. The technique of data collecting were interviews, observations, and document studies which were tested for their validity through the source manipulation technique. The results of the study indicate that the implementation of multicultural values includes the value of justice; the school applies all students fairly, for example, the school does not distinguish students based on good deeds, both men and women have the same rights. The value of diversity; the school divides the composition of the class with a variety of students both from different tribes, different religions, and different areas of origin so that each class is a heterogeneous class. The value of freedom; it is embodied in some activities including the selection of extracurricular activities, and the value of solidarity; the school upholds the principle of "Sama Rata, Sama Rasa."</p> Noviar Ardinastiti Masrukhi Masrukhi Purwadi Suhandini ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-05 2019-02-05 8 1 27 35 Kali Loji Festival to Preserve River in Pekalongan City <p>The Kali Loji Festival is a means that was initiated to restore the local wisdom of the society of Pekalongan City in maintaining the preservation of the river. The festival is expected to increase public awareness around Kali Loji to maintain the cleanliness of the river. The formulation of the problem in this research is how the festival of Kali Loji in preserving the river in Pekalongan City. The purpose of this study was to find out and analyze the Kali Loji festival to preserve the river in the society around the Pekalongan Kali Loji. The research method is carried out qualitatively with the theory of structural functionalism and Habitus theory. Data analysis through qualitative analysis of interactive models. Data collection techniques in this study were interviews, observation, and documentation. The results of the study show that the community's concern for the sustainability of the river is very low before the Kali Loji festival. The Kali Loji festival which teaches the people around Kali Loji not to throw garbage in the river and maintain the sustainability of the river for human survival, the concern of the community around Kali Loji starts to grow again. The activity of the Kali Loji festival makes communities more environmentally literate, so the people more aware of the river lodges and preserve the river. For people around Kali Loji to change habits to preserve the river better.</p> Imam Santoso Dewi Liesnoor Setyowati Agustinus Sugeng Priyanto ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-27 2019-05-27 8 1 36 43 Evaluation for Distribution Medium Rice Policy in Kudus Regency <p>The problem in this study is why the consumption of medium rice is smaller compared to premium rice. As is known in several Regency, the consumption pattern that usually occurs, medium rice consumption is greater than premium rice. The objectives of this study were: To identify patterns of rice consumption in Kudus Regency based on a survey approach; Analyzing the accuracy of survey data that has been collected so far through distribution surveys and consumption patterns based on the survey approach; Identify and analyze data from survey results on rice consumption patterns in Kudus Regency based on the survey approach. The research methodology uses a quantitative descriptive approach using simple statistical analysis. The method of data collection uses survey methods and data analysis using qualitative and quantitative analysis. The pattern of consumption of medium rice in Kudus Regency is lacking, because the people are more interested in or prefer to consume premium rice such as perfume and premium SS. The availability of rice in Kudus Regency when ordinary daily does not reflect the adequacy of availability because, during the survey, not all rice stocks have been recorded. The pattern of rice consumption in Kudus Regency follows the usual consumption pattern, which is sharply increased during religious holidays such as Idul Fitri and Christmas and New Year's Day. Economic factors influence the people pattern of rice consumption. The socio-economic level of the people is quite high, so they prefer to consume premium rice rather than medium. The price of rice, both medium and premium, fluctuated but was still under control. Rice price fluctuations follow market law, that is, if the high demand for rice stocks is limited, prices tend to rise. Vice versa, but the price of rice in Kudus Regency is still affordable by the community. Based on the survey results it can be recommended that the Department of Trade and Industry take the policy of distributing medium rice to certain locations, namely in the District of Dawe and Mojobo, where the level of consumption of medium rice is quite high.</p> Suparno Suparno Setyohadi Pratomo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 8 1 44 52 Implementation of Local Function Value Nggahi Rawi Pahu in Public Junior School 3 Sanggar Bima, Nusa Tenggara Barat District <p>Nggahi rawi pahu (speech according to action) is the value of local wisdom, which is the life guide of the Bima community, which must be kept consistent. As the development of the era of consistency began to be eroded by the influence of the development of information technology that brought new values. The purpose of this study was to analyze the implementation of the value of local wisdom from nggahi rawi pahu in Public Junior School 3 Sanggar, Bima West Nusa Tenggara. The research method used qualitatively. Informants in this study were teachers, students, guardians of students, and community leaders. The technique of collecting data was by observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation. The validity of the data in this study used the method of triangulation. The results showed that the Public Junior School 3 Sanggar, Bima District of West Nusa Tenggara was and would continue to strive to implement the value of local wisdom through the nggahi rawi pahu (speech according to deeds) which was adjusted to the subject matter, in an effort to provide: (1) exemplary from the teacher by giving positive examples; (2) instill social values ​​that live in the community; (3) carrying out inhibiting actions, such as giving advice; (4) giving penalties for violating the rules of conduct in an oral and written manner. Business value planting will continue to be carried out with limited facilities and infrastructure. Therefore the cooperation of the social environment is expected to help inherit the value of local wisdom as the identity of the region.</p> Misdiatun Misdiatun Suyahmo Suyahmo Suwito Eko Pramono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-04 2019-07-04 8 1 53 59 Analysis of Problem Presentation of PBL Model on Grade VII Social Teacher <p>The PBL is more appropriately applied to social studies material that contains social problems. The teacher as a facilitator in implementing the PBL. But in reality, the PBL cannot be applied by all teachers and the presentation of the problem isn’t yet a real problem around the students. The research purpose was to analyze the presentation of factual problems, application of the PBL, and finding the obstacles experienced. The research method is a descriptive percentage that describes the presentation of the problem and the application. The population is ten social sciences teachers from different schools in Ungaran. The sample is a lesson plan from ten social sciences teachers in VII grade. Data obtained through observation, interviews, and documentation. The research result showed that the analysis of the problem presentation was quite good at 67%, six teachers use PBL from ten teachers, and Application of the 100% PBL according to the syntax. Constraints are the lack of willingness of teachers in determining problems, and time allocation arrangements are still inappropriate. The conclusion is that not all teachers can use the PBL, and the problem presentation is less factual. Teachers should be more active and creative in applying the PBL.</p> Ana Prastiwi Suwito Eko Pramono Purwadi Suhandini ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-04 2019-07-04 8 1 60 67 Internalization of Social Value Based on Character Education Strengthening through Scouting Extracurricular Activities in Public Junior High School 1 Batang <p>Internalization of character education strengthening is very necessary to overcome the moral degradation that is occurring in the present. Brawl, drugs, low respect for young people, and lifestyle changes that lead to unhealthy behavior. This study aims to analyze the implementation of scout extracurricular activities in schools, efforts to internalize character values, and their implications for student behavior, through scout extracurricular activities. This study uses qualitative methods, with a case study approach. The subject is Kamabigus, four coaches, three subject teachers, and 30 students. Data collection techniques are participatory observation, structure, and in-depth interviews and documentation. Test validity using sources and triangulation techniques. Data analysis uses interactive analysis through data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion drawing. The results showed that the implementation of scouting education in Curriculum 2013 included three activities, namely block, actualization, and regular. Internalization of character education strengthening is carried out through intervention, for example, habituation, mentoring, and involvement of other parties. Internalization of character education strengthening is pursued through internal programs and external programs. Internalization of character values carried out continuously that will be habituation for students. The implication is, there is a positive change in behavior, especially in the character of independence, and cooperation in every activity carried out. Crystallization of the nature of autonomy and collaboration will be beneficial for students when plunging into community life.</p> Dinok Sudiami Martitah Martitah Subagyo Subagyo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-04 2019-07-04 8 1 68 76 Kinship Value System on Agricultural Modernization in Farmer Communities in Soki Village Belo District Bima Regency West Nusa Tenggara <p>Mutual cooperation and rotating work is a business activity carried out by several people, both farmers and farmers or farmers with the government to achieve the same goal of community harmony and economic prosperity. The purpose of this study is to analyze the values ​​of kinship systems towards agricultural modernization of farmers in Soki Village, Belo District, Bima Regency. The research method used is qualitative. The informants in this study were farmers in Soki Village, Belo District, Bima Regency. The technique of collecting data is by observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation. The validity of the data in this study uses triangulation techniques. The results of the study show that the value of mutual cooperation and rotating work carried out by farmers in Soki village are not only in agricultural activities such as planting, cutting, and harvesting. But the community of farmers in the village of Soki conducts mutual cooperation in celebration events such as circumcision, marriage and even at the opening of a new house. Mutual cooperation activities and rotating work have the same goal, namely to alleviate and facilitate work while preserving and applying the culture of the relics of the men.</p> Rostati Rostati Agustinus Sugeng Priyanto Puji Hardati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-30 2019-07-30 8 1 77 84 Learning Strategy for Market Main Discussion Based Outdoor Learning in Increasing Conceptual Understanding of Social Studies <p>Lower students interest in social studies is influenced by learning strategies that have not been able to meet the demands of development and needs. The purpose of this study is to analyze social studies learning in market main discussion and market agree based on outdoor learning in improving conceptual understanding of social science knowledge. The research method used is qualitative research design with phenomenology. Informants in this study were teachers, students, traders in the market. Data collection techniques by observation, interviews, and documentation. The validity of the data in this study uses triangulation techniques. The results showed that the students of Public Junior High School 1 Bodeh, Pemalang Regency, in the process of outdoor learning in the market could increase conceptual knowledge with an achievement level classically 87.5%. This learning strategy can be used for innovation in the learning process that is appropriate to the development and needs of students.</p> Casriatun Casriatun Puji Hardati Eva Banowati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-14 2019-08-14 8 1 85 91 The Utilization of Hindhu Buddhist Heritage Sites to Develop The Student’s Historical Literacy of Public Senior High School 1 Boja <p>Every citizen in Indonesia has national obligations and love for the motherland. Globalization and the rapid development of science and technology have caused the patriotism and nationalism of citizen to fade away. History has an essential function in fostering patriotism and nationalism. Public Senior High School 1 Boja has a particular problem, that is the lack of Student’s literacy skills, especially in history learning. The purpose of this research is to analyze the planning, learning process, evaluation, and obstacles of the utilization of Hindhu-Buddhist heritage in Boja region as an effort to develop students' historical literacy. This study used a qualitative method. The subjects of the research were students of Public Senior High School 1 Boja. Data collection was conducted by observation, interviews, questionnaires, and documentation. An interactive data analysis analyzed the data of the research. The results of the study were stated as follows; learning planning in developing students' historical literacy by using Hindhu-Buddhist heritage of Boja region had been illustrated in the lesson plans that teachers made, students' understanding was built based on accurate historical evidence and historical learning became more meaningful because it turned from a memorizing paradigm of historical facts to historical literacy improvement. The obstacle faced in this research was the lack of time allocation. This research concluded that the utilization of Hindhu-Buddhist heritage sites in Boja region for history learning could stimulate the students of Public Senior High School 1 Boja to develop their historical literacy.</p> Retno Suminar Wasino Wasino Eko Handoyo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-20 2019-08-20 8 1 92 100 Application of Audio Visual Assisted Problem-based Learning Model on Problem-solving Ability, and Social Science Learning Motivation <p>The lecture method using abstract examples makes it difficult for students to understand social studies subject matter. This causes students not to be able to develop potential and passive learning activities. Therefore, effective learning models are needed and can trigger the activeness of students. Problem-based learning (PBL) model and the use of audio-visual media are among the recommended learning models in&nbsp; Curriculum 2013 to improve the quality of learning. The purpose of this study is to examine differences in problem-solving abilities and to learn motivation between students who are given learning using audio-visual aided problem-based learning models, problem-based learning models, and lecture methods (conventional models). This study uses a quasi-experimental design in the form of a non-equivalent control group design. The research population is class VIII students, Public Junior High School 14 Pekalongan City with 242 students, with three sample classes, namely class VIII-C, class VIII-D, and class VIII-E. Based on the pre-test and post-test data, problem-solving ability and motivation questionnaire were statistically processed using the ANOVA test, F<sub>value</sub> &gt; F<sub>table</sub>, then H<sub>1</sub> was accepted while H<sub>0</sub> was rejected. The results showed there were differences in problem-solving abilities, and learning motivation between students learning with PBL assisted models with audio-visual, PBL models, and lecture methods.</p> Runtut Wijiasih Rusdarti Rusdarti Purwadi Suhandini ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-02 2019-09-02 8 1 101 110