Customary Delict of Penglipuran Bali in the Perspective of the Principle of Legality: A Dilemma and Arrangements for the Future

Main Article Content

Ade Adhari
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9547-502X
Anis Widyawati
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4621-3178
I Wayan P Windia
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9214-9651
Rugun Romaida Hutabarat
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8071-9864
Neysa Tania

Abstract

In the context of criminal law, recognition of customary law begins with a very fundamental principle, namely the principle of legality – a legal basis for declaring an act as a criminal act. This paper examines the implementation of customary law regarding the violation of Penglipuran customary, in accordance with the customary delict from the perspective of the principle of legality and the future policy formulation of the principle of legality that accommodates the existence of customary law. To answer these problems, socio-legal research methods are used, data in the form of legal documents and results of in-depth interviews, various approaches (legal, theoretical, and historical approaches) and then analyzed through deductive-inductive methods. The results show that the Criminal Code adheres to the principle of formal legality, consequently, the written law is the only source to declare an act as an offense. Whereas in the Penglipuran community, it is known that customary delict is regulated not only in awig-awigbut also unwritten ones such as pararem penyahcah awig and perarem ngele. The existence of indigenous peoples is not only found textually but also commonly, carrying out their lives based on customary law which contains applicable values, principles, and norms. Therefore, it is necessary to formulate the principle of legality that accommodates the existence of customary law as a source of criminalizing acts. This is intended to realize a criminal law that accommodates the rights of indigenous peoples to “their own institutions, laws, and customs".

Article Details

How to Cite
Adhari, A., Widyawati, A., Windia, I. W. P., Hutabarat, R. R., & Tania, N. (2021). Customary Delict of Penglipuran Bali in the Perspective of the Principle of Legality: A Dilemma and Arrangements for the Future. JILS (Journal of Indonesian Legal Studies), 6(2), 411-436. https://doi.org/10.15294/jils.v6i2.50555
Section
Research Articles
Author Biographies

Ade Adhari, Universitas Tarumanagara

Ade Adhari, SH MH is a Lecturer at Criminal Law Department, Universitas Tarumanegara, Jakarta, Indonesia. His area of expertise concerning Criminal Law, Penal Policy, and Victimology. Some of his recent publications are such as: PENERAPAN PASAL 28 AYAT (2) UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 19 TAHUN 2016 TENTANG INFORMASI DAN TRANSAKSI ELEKTRONIK DALAM MENANGGULANGI DELIK UJARAN KEBENCIAN DI INTERNET (Legal Standing: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 2021), Kebijakan Pembatasan Internet di Indonesia: Perspektif Negara Hukum, Hak Asasi Manusia, dan Kajian Perbandingan (Jurnal Konstitusi, 2021), Optimizing the Applications of Criminal Fines Against Electronic Technology Information Crime Based on the Principles of Let Punishment Fit the Crime (International Conference on Economics, Business, Social, and Humanities, 2021), and Kepastian Hukum Ketentuan Pelaku Utama Dalam Kriteria Justice Collaborator di Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Criminal Law , 2021).

Anis Widyawati, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Anis Widyawati SH MH is a Lecturer at Criminal Law Department, Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia. She is pursuing a Doctoral Program at Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang. Some of his recent publications are such as: Undang Undang Cipta Kerja Klaster Investasi Telaah Paradigma Participatory (Pandecta Research Law Journal, 2021), Effectiveness of Ship Sinking of Illegal Fishing in Term of the Improvement of Local Fishermen Income (Indonesian Journal of Criminal Law Studies, 2021), Assistance and Establishment of an Anti-Corruption Legal Clinic in Puguh Village, Boja District, Kendal Regency (Jurnal Dedikasi Hukum, 2021), and Brain versus Reality: How Should Law Students Think?  (Indonesian Journal of Advocacy and Legal Services, 2021).

I Wayan P Windia, Universitas Udayana

Prof I Wayan P Windia is a Lecturer at Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia. His area of expertise concernign Customary Law, Law and Culture, and Law and Social Aspects. Some of his works have been published into several books, such as Kembang rampe dinamika pers dan pembangunan (Udayana University Press, 2014), Hukum adat Bali dalam tanya jawab (Bali Shanti, Udayana University Press, 2013), and Sesana Prajuru Desa: tatalaksana pimpinan desa adat di Bali (Udayana University Press, 2012).

Rugun Romaida Hutabarat, Universitas Tarumanegara

Rugun Romaida Hutabarat SH MH is a Lecturer at Faculty of Law Universitas Tarumanegara, Jakarta, Indonesia. Some of his recent publications are such as: Assimilation and Integration Policy for Criminators and Children in Prevention and Control of the Spread of COVID-19 Seen from the Ideas of Private Society in Indonesia (International Conference on Economics, Business, Social, and Humanities, 2021), ANALISIS KEPASTIAN SUMBER HUKUM PEMIDANAAN TERHADAP DELIK ABORSI DALAM SISTEM PERADILAN PIDANA (STUDI PUTUSAN PENGADILAN TINGGI JAMBI NOMOR 6/PID. SUS-ANAK/2018) (Jurnal Hukum Adigama, 2021), Social Nurturance sebagai Pendekatan Proaktif dalam Mencegah Timbulnya Viktimisasi Anak (Asosiasi Pengajar Viktimologi Indonesia, 2020), and PENEGAKAN HUKUM KEHUTANAN DALAM UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 18 TAHUN 2013 TENTANG PENCEGAHAN DAN PEMBERANTASAN PERUSAKAN HUTAN DITINJAU DARI PERSPEKTIF KEADILAN MASYARAKAT HUKUM ADAT (Era Hukum-Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Hukum, 2019).

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