Intelligence Education for National Security and Public Safety Policy: A Comparative Analysis of Nigeria, South Africa, and Indonesia

Main Article Content

Ngboawaji Daniel Nte
Vigo Augustine Teru
Nadiyah Meyliana Putri


National security and public safet policy have become one of the important issues around the world. In some cases, the national security very close to how the State provides various instruments in maintaining national stability, including policies and laws. Nigeria, South Africa, and Indonesia are facing various challenges of national stability including various national security threats. For Nigeria, post-colonial hangs over and extended militarism created huge challenges for the democratisation of intelligence education and training, while in South Africa, centuries of repressive apartheid regime created institutional obstacles for a virile democratic intelligence education and training. This work therefore is a comparative analysis of intelligence education and training in Africa-Nigeria, South Africa, and Indonesia. Using a historiographic and content evaluative methods, the study was able to establish similar developmental trajectory of intelligence education and training in Nigeria, South Africa, and Indonesia and recommended the urgent need for extensive collaboration between the countries to develop a model of intelligence education and training to attenuate the pervasive national security and public safety threats challenges in the countries.

Article Details

How to Cite
Nte, N. D., Teru, V. A., & Putri, N. M. (2022). Intelligence Education for National Security and Public Safety Policy: A Comparative Analysis of Nigeria, South Africa, and Indonesia. Lex Scientia Law Review, 6(1), 187-218.
Author Biographies

Ngboawaji Daniel Nte, Department of Intelligence and Security Studies, Novena University

Prof. Ngboawaji Daniel Nte is Professor and Head Department of intelligence and Security Studies, Novena University, Delta State Nigeria. His research interests are concerning Intelligence Studies, Global Studies, Security Law, Criminalistics, and Terrorism Studies. Some his works have been published at prominent international journals, such as Journal of Indonesian Legal Studies, Journal of International Diversity, Peace and Security Review, African Journal of Criminology and Justice Studies, Franklin Business & Law Journal, and many more.

Vigo Augustine Teru, Department of Intelligence and Security Studies, Novena University

Vigo Augustine Teru is faculty member at the Department of intelligence and Security Studies, Novena University, Delta State Nigeria. His area of expertise concerning Security Law and Intelligence Studies, including Terorrism Studies and National Security. One of his works has been published is A Comparative Analysis of Cyber Security Laws and Policies in Nigeria and South Africa (Law Research Review Quarterly, 2022).

Nadiyah Meyliana Putri, Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Nadiyah Melyliana Putri is an Undergraduate Law Student, Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang. She is also active as researcher at Lex Scientia Research Unit and member of editorial team at Lex Scientia Law Review.


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