Representations of Social Cognition of TV One and Kompas TV Journalists in the Construction of News Discourse on Corruption: Critical Discourse Analysis

Main Article Content

Sacandra Aji Rivaldi
Hari Bakti Mardikantoro


Criminal acts of corruption causing the destruction of human prosperity could be news discourse that receives lots of public’s serious attention. The difference of perspectives on corruption cases has impacted on the production of news discourse because of the influence of mass media’s backgrounds, knowledge, and ideologies. This present study aims to describe and analyze practices of the production of news discourse on corruption portrayed in TV One and Kompas TV mass media based on the van Dijk’s model of critical discourse analysis. The data presented in this qualitative study were collected through observation and interview. The findings reveal that TV One used person, self-presentation, role, and event schemes in the construction of news discourse on corruption. The use of these schemes was based on the priority of news values. Meanwhile, Kompas TV employed the same schemes as TV One did. The use of the schemes was deemed in terms of the ideology referred by this mass media, namely: “fortiter in re, suaviter in modo” (“firmly in action, gently in manner”). This ideology was used in the production of the news discourse so that the classical proverb in journalism “menghibur yang papa, mengingatkan yang mapan” (“comfort the afflicted, afflict the comfortable”) affirmed in this mass media. Both of Indonesia’s television channels tended to concern the control of cognition in producing the news discourse on a graft case.

Article Details

How to Cite
Rivaldi, S., & Mardikantoro, H. (2018). Representations of Social Cognition of TV One and Kompas TV Journalists in the Construction of News Discourse on Corruption: Critical Discourse Analysis. Seloka: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia, 7(1), 38-49. Retrieved from


Badara, A. (2012). Analisi Wacana Teori, Metode, dan Penerapannya pada Wacana Media. Jakarta: Kencana.
Bintoro, Sutarno & Johnson R. G. (2014). Profil Lembaga Antikorupsi di Berbagai Negara: Hukum, Pembentukan, Kewenangan, Anggaran, Sumber Daya Manusia, Struktur Organisasi, Knator Perwakilan, Gedung, Kontak Informasi. Jakarta: Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi.
Debbagh, M. (2012). Discourse Analysis of the Representations of Women in Maroccan Broadcast News. The Journal of North African Studies, 17(4).
Eriyanto. (2011). Analisis Wacana Pengantar Analisis Teks Media. Yogyakarta: LKis.
Jorgensen, Marianne W. & Louise J. Philips. (2010). Analisis Wacana Teori dan Metode. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Keraf, G. (1997). Komposisi. Ende: Nusa Indah.
Kristeva, J. (1980). Desire in Language: a Semiotic Approach to Literature and Art. Colombia University Press: Colombia.
Mardikantoro, H. B. (2014). Analisis Wacana Kritis pada Tajuk (Anti) Korupsi di Surat Kabar Berbahasa Indonesia. Litera Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajarannya, 13(2), 215-225.
Mardikantoro, H. B., & Haryani. (2015). Pembentukan Reputasi Calon Presiden 2014 dalam Berita di Media Massa Online: Kajian Wacana Kritis. Jurnal Lingua, 11(2).
Mardikantoro, H. B., & Nur, I. S. (2017). Analisis Tektual dalam Konstruksi Wacana Berita Korupsi di Metro TV dan NET dalam Perspektif Analisis Wacana Kritis Norman Fairclough. Seloka: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia, 6(2), 123-129.
Mardikantoro, H. B. (2017). Samin, Kajian Sosiolinguistik Bahasa Persaudaraan dan Perlawanan. Yogyakarta: Forum.
Mayasari. (2013). Critical Discourse Analysis of Reporting on "Saweran for KPK Building" in Media Indonesia Daily Newspaper. International Journal of Linguistics, 5(4).
Santoso, W. J., & Gallant, K. A. (2016). Citra Publik Presiden Republik Indonesia pada Pemberitaan di Harian Suara Merdeka, Tabloid Tempo, dan Republika: Kajian Analisis Wacana Kritis Model Norman Fairclough. Seloka: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, 5(2), 201-215.
Santoso, W. J. (2016). Discourse Analysis Mc-Donald ‘Venez comme Vous Etes’ in Critical Pragmatic Perspective. Proceeding of the 3rd International Seminar on Transdisciplinary Linguistics (ISTL) 2016. pp.405-413.
Semma, M. (2008). Media dan Perubahan Politik Represif. Makassar: Pemkot Makassar.
Sudarman, P. (2008). Menulis di Media Massa. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Sudaryanto. (2015). Metode dan Aneka Teknik Analisis Bahasa. Yogyakarta: University Press.
Sularto & F. Harianto S. (2016). Kompas Way Jakob’s Legancy. Jakarta: PT Kompas Media Nusantara.
van Dijk, Teun A. (1988). News as Discourse. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
van Dijk, Teun A. (2006). Discourse and Manipulation. Journal of SAGE, 17(2), 359-383.
Supriyadi & Zulaeha, I. (2017). Dimensi Ekonomi, Politik, dan Ideologi pada Artikel-Artikel di Media Massa Cetak Jawa Pos dalam Perspektif Analisis Wacana Kritis. Seloka: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia, 6(1), 1-14.