Unnes Journal of Public Health https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/ujph <p style="text-align: justify;">Unnes Journal of Public Health is published by Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES) in cooperation with the Association of Indonesian Public Health Experts (Ikatan Ahli Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia (IAKMI)). Unnes Journal of Public Health contains articles about health epidemiology, biostatistics, health administration, public health nutrition, environmental health, occupational health and safety, health promotion, reproductive health, maternal and child health, health management, health economics, traditional medicine/treatment for preventive or first aid purposes, public health law/ethics and other related health articles, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. The journal can be used by health practitioners, health caregivers, teachers, students, and people who interested in health issues.</p> en-US ujph@mail.unnes.ac.id (Arum Siwiendrayanti) efa.nugroho@mail.unnes.ac.id (Efa Nugroho) Sat, 22 Aug 2020 18:38:32 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Identification of Variables for Measuring Hospital Efficiency in Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA): Literature Review https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/ujph/article/view/38253 <p>Choosing input and output usually become a problem when doing efficiency assessment in hospital. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is an instrument that often used for calculating efficiency of hospital using some inputs and outputs. This study purposed to identify most used hospital inputs and outputs from existing paper to assist hospital management staff to choosing relevant variables that can represent available of input, asses easily, and knowing which variables that need to improve. This literature review using keywords such as “hospital efficiency” and “DEA for hospital” to search peer-reviewed journal in PubMed and Open Knowledge Maps around 2014-2020. From 586 articles, there were 54 samples with total 5 to 3504 of many types of hospitals been analyzed from 23 countries. There were five most used inputs such as number of beds, number of medical personnel, number of non-medical staff, operational cost, and number of medical technician staff with most used outputs such as number of inpatient, number of outpatient service, number of surgery, days of inpatient, and number of emergency visit often used for hospital efficiency assessment in DEA application.</p> Nokky Farra Fazria, Inge Dhamanti ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/ujph/article/view/38253 Sat, 22 Aug 2020 18:33:53 +0000 Assessment of Patients’ Understanding about prescribed Medications after consultation with Clinician at Outdoor Patient Department of Tertiary Care Hospital in Central Gujarat, India. https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/ujph/article/view/39626 <p>Medications are an important part of treatment of patients by clinicians in addition to other measures to be followed by the patients during the entire period of treatment. The present descriptive cross sectional study assesses patients’ understanding about prescribed medications after consultation with clinician at outdoor patient department of a tertiary care hospital in central Gujarat, India. 184 patients from different clinical departments were interviewed after their consultation with the clinician. Majority of the subjects (45.5%) were belonged to 25-44 years age group, followed by 45-54 years of age group. Female proportion was 55.5%. Illiterate people were 20.4% of the interviewed patients, 32.5% were educated up to primary level. 84.3% were informed about proposed treatment duration, 13.9% informed about diet relation. The patients had fair knowledge about the disease they were suffering from and proposed duration of treatment, but they were not aware of about the line of treatment. Thus patients need to be educated about correct use of medications by clinicians.</p> Bhaveshbhai Rameshbhai Bariya, Rahul J Parmar, Vihang S Mazumdar ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/ujph/article/view/39626 Fri, 09 Oct 2020 23:54:44 +0000 COVID-19 Pandemic-the existing challenges and available solution; evidence from A systematic review https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/ujph/article/view/39513 <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><em>: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is now a day the most important topics worldwide. Still no vaccine or specific antiviral treatment for COVID-19 has been shown to be effective. In this emergency identifying risk factors, preventive measures and estimating challenges to control &amp; available drug options for COVID-19 are key to mitigate the severity of the pandemic until specific drug or vaccine available.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Methods</em></strong><em>: PubMed database was searched to find out the common risk factors, preventive measures, information regarding control challenges &amp; evidence on effectivity of available drug options against COVID-19. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Results: </em></strong><em>We included 33 research articles. Human-animal interaction, male, aged people and people with comorbidity were found as risk factors. Personal hygiene etiquette, media coverage, 3I tools identify, isolate and inform, However, asymptomatic cases, high reproducibility of virus and viral shedding could challenge us more. Antiviral drugs like remdesivir, chloroquine, lopinavir/ritonavir and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) are available options to fight against COVID-19</em></p> <p><strong><em>Discussion: </em></strong><em>Due to new virus and new challenges we are facing, we should fight with our available resources. It is not the last pandemic we are facing. we have to learn how to prevent infectious disease and deal with a pandemic in a proper way.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusion</em></strong><em>: To challenge this virus we need to generate more data about the virus and the disease. More studies are urgently needed to find out more risk factors, preventive measure and how to control the disease until specific treatment option is available.</em></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: </em></strong><em>COVID-19, PubMed; risk factors; Personal hygiene etiquette; anti-viral drugs.</em></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Mohammad Injamul Hoq, Md Hamidur Rahman Sime, Md. Mohotasin Hossain, Md Abdul Awal, Muminul Hoque ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/ujph/article/view/39513 Sat, 10 Oct 2020 00:10:45 +0000