This research is focusing on the development of early childhood character, especially social emotional and child independence. This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of role-playing learning for the development of emotional social attitudes and independence of early childhood. The research is an experimental method with a quasi-experimental type of research and pretest-posttest design. The research population is all Kindergarten students in the target area 5, Godong District, Central Java. The research sample are 22 children. Sampling used a suitability random draw technique. The data analysis technique used the statistical calculation of the Mann-Whitney test. The results of the study indicate that the themed role-play learning in collaboration to develop children's social emotional character obtained a mean value of 42.07 from the maximum score of 50. The development of self-reliance character, learning to play a role obtained a mean value of 33.82. This shows that role playing learning is more effective for developing social emotional characters compared to the development of students' independent character with a mean difference of 8.25.