The Effect of Agency Costs on Hedging Policy in Indonesian Public Companies

Ekayana Sangkasari Paranita, Elma Muncar Aditya

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of agency costs on company hedging policies. The novelty of this research is the application of the synthesis of agency theory and balancing theory as indicators of hedging policies. The hedging policy based on foreign exchange derivatives is synchronized with the hedging policy based on foreign debt. The population was companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) in 2012-2017. This research used a panel data regression method. The hypotheses were tested with the Hausman Test, which shows the best research model is the Fixed Effect Model. The results of the study concluded that financial distress and underinvestment had a significant positive effect on hedging policies, while business risk did not affect hedging policies because most companies had relatively low foreign sales. The findings of this study have theoretical implications that support agency and balancing theory.

Keywords

Financial Distress, Underinvestment, Business Risk, Hedging Policy.

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