Determinant Factors of Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention: a Comparative Study

Dedi Purwana

Abstract


The research aims to analyze the impact of entrepreneurial education along with Shapero’s theory of entrepreneurial events on students' entrepreneurial intention. The research is also addressed to compare entrepreneurial intention of students lived in Jakarta and Garut city. The research method used is a survey and causal approach. Simple random sampling was used as the technique to select sample (413 respondents) from both cities. The sample size is adjusted to the model of analysis used in structural equation modeling (SEM). The research revealed that entrepreneurship education has a significant impact on perceived desirability, perceived feasibility and perceived propensity to act. This study also found that perceived desirability, perceived feasibility and perceived propensity to act were insignificant to influence students' entrepreneurial intention. The research findings suggest an agenda regarding a modification of entrepreneurship-oriented curriculum and creating school entrepreneurial atmosphere. Suggestions for future research are discussed.


Keywords


Shapero’s theory of entrepreneurial events; entrepreneurial education; entrepreneurial intention; structural equation modeling

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ajzen, I. (2005). Attitudes, personality, and behavior: McGraw-Hill Education (UK).

AlHaj, B. K., Yusof, M. Z., & Edama, N. (2011). Entrepreneurial intention: An empirical study of community college students in Malaysia. Jurnal Personalia Pelajar(14), 45-58.

Ali, S., Lu, W., & Wang, W. (2012). Determinants of entrepreneurial intentions among the college students in China and Pakistan. Journal of Education and Practice, 3(11), 13-21.

Anggraeni, B., & Harnanik, H. (2015). Effect of entrepreneurship knowledge and family environment on entrepreneurship interest of student of class XI SMK Islam Nusantara in Pemalang (in Bahasa Indonesia). Dinamika Pendidikan, 10(1), 42-52.

Bainée, J. (2013). Entrepreneurship Education. Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 649-654.

Berglund, K., & Johansson, A. W. (2007). The entrepreneurship discourse: Outlined from diverse constructions of entrepreneurship on the academic scene. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, 1(1), 77-102.

Boissin, J.-P., Branchet, B., Emin, S., & Herbert, J. I. (2009). Students and entrepreneurship: A comparative study of France and the United States. Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, 22(2), 101-122.

Bruyat, C., & Julien, P.-A. (2001). Defining the field of research in entrepreneurship. Journal of business venturing, 16(2), 165-180.

Byabashaija, W., & Katono, I. (2011). The impact of college entrepreneurial education on entrepreneurial attitudes and intention to start a business in Uganda. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 16(01), 127-144.

Cohen, P. R., & Levesque, H. J. (1990). Intention is choice with commitment. Artificial Intelligence, 42(2-3), 213-261.

Denanyoh, R., Adjei, K., & Nyemekye, G. E. (2015). Factors that impact on entrepreneurial intention of tertiary students in Ghana. International Journal of Business and Social Research, 5(3), 19-29.

Dissanayake, D. M. N. S. W. (2013). The impact of perceived desirability and perceived feasibility on entrepreneurial intention among undergraduate students in Sri Lanka: An extended model. The Kelaniya Journal of Management, 2(1), 39-57.

Drennan, J., Kennedy, J., & Renfrow, P. (2005). Impact of childhood experiences on the development of entrepreneurial intentions. The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 6(4), 231-238.

Elfving, J., Brännback, M., & Carsrud, A. (2009). Toward a contextual model of entrepreneurial intentions Understanding the entrepreneurial mind (pp. 23-33): Springer.

Engle, R. L., Dimitriadi, N., Gavidia, J. V., Schlaegel, C., Delanoe, S., Alvarado, I., & Wolff, B. (2010). Entrepreneurial intent: A twelve-country evaluation of Ajzen's model of planned behavior. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 16(1), 35-57.

Fadiati, A., & Purwana, D. (2011). Menjadi Wirausaha Sukses. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Fayolle, A., & Gailly, B. (2015). The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial attitudes and intention: Hysteresis and persistence. Journal of Small Business Management, 53(1), 75-93.

Garba, A. S., Kabir, S., & Nalado, A. M. (2014). An assessment of students' entrepreneurial intentions in tertiary institution: A case of Kano State Polytechnic, Nigeria. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 4(3), 434-443.

Guerrero, M., Rialp, J., & Urbano, D. (2008). The impact of desirability and feasibility on entrepreneurial intentions: A structural equation model. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 4(1), 35-50.

Gurbuz, G., & Aykol, S. (2008). Entrepreneurial intentions of young educated public in Turkey. Journal of Global Strategic Management, 4(1), 47-56.

Hattab, H. W. (2014). Impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intentions of university students in Egypt. The Journal of Entrepreneurship, 23(1), 1-18.

Hu, Li-tze, & Bentler, Peter M. (1995). Evaluating model fit. In R. H. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural equation modeling. Concepts, issues, and applications (pp. 76-99). London: Sage.

Karimi, S., Biemans, H. J., Lans, T., Chizari, M., & Mulder, M. (2016). The impact of entrepreneurship education: A study of Iranian students' entrepreneurial intentions and opportunity identification. Journal of Small Business Management, 54(1), 187-209.

Krueger, N., Reilly, M. and Carsrud, A. (2000). Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Business Venturing, 15(2), 411-32.

Kuncoro, A., & Rusdianto, H. (2016). The influence of entrepreneurship subject on students’ interest in entrepreneurship by hidden curriculum as intervening variable. Dinamika Pendidikan, 11(1), 43-49.

Leffler, E. (2009). The many faces of entrepreneurship: A discursive battle for the school arena. European Educational Research Journal, 8(1), 104-116.

Lepoutre, J., Van den Berghe, W., Tilleuil, O., & Crijns, H. (2010). A new approach to testing the effects of entrepreneurship education among secondary school pupils. Entrepreneurship, growth and economic development, 94-117.

Liñán, F. (2004). Intention-based models of entrepreneurship education. Piccolla Impresa/Small Business, 3(1), 11-35.

Liñán, F., Rodríguez-Cohard, J. C., & Rueda-Cantuche, J. M. (2011). Factors affecting entrepreneurial intention levels: a role for education. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 7(2), 195-218.

Lorz, M. (2011). The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention. (Ph.D.), University of St. Gallen, Bamberg.

Lucas, W. A., & Cooper, S. (2012). Theories of entrepreneurial intention and the role of necessity. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 35th Institute of Small Business and Entrepreneurship Conference 2012.

Miralles, F., Riverola, C., & Giones, F. (2012). Analysing nascent entrepreneurs’ behaviour through intention-Based models. Paper presented at the 7th European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship.

Ngugi, J. K., Gakure, R., Waithaka, S. M., & Kiwara, A. N. (2012). Application of Shapero’s model in explaining entrepreneurial intentions among university students in Kenya. International Journal of Business and Social Research, 2(4), 125-148.

Opoku-Antwi, G. L., Amofah, K., Nyamaah-Koffuor, K., & Yakubu, A. (2012). Entrepreneurial intention among senior high school students in the Sunyani Municipality. International Review of Management and Marketing, 2(4), 210.

Piperopoulos, P., & Dimov, D. (2015). Burst bubbles or build steam? Entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurial self‐efficacy, and entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Small Business Management, 53(4), 970-985.

Purwana, D., Suhud, U., Fatimah, T., & Armelita, A. (2018). Antecedents of secondary students' entrepreneurial motivation. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 21(2), 1-7.

Purwana, D., Suhud, U., & Rahayu, S.M. (2017). Entrepreneurial intention of secondary and tertiary students: are they different?. International Journal of Economic Research, 14(18), 69-81.

Quality Assurance Agency, Q. (2012). Enterprise and Entrepreneurship Education. Guidance for UK Higher Education Providers: The Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education London.

Robledo, J. L. R., Arán, M. V., Sanchez, V. M., & Molina, M. Á. R. (2015). The moderating role of gender on entrepreneurial intentions: A TPB perspective. Intangible Capital, 11(1), 92-117.

Sajjad, S. I., Shafi, H., & Dad, A. M. (2012). Impact of culture on entrepreneur intention. Information Management and Business Review, 4(1), 30-34.

Saptono, A. (2017). Development instruments through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) in appropriate intensity assessment. Dinamika Pendidikan, 12(1), 14-20.

Sari, J. H., & Poikkijoki, A. (2006). An entrepreneurial‐directed approach to entrepreneurship education: mission impossible? Journal of management development, 25(1), 80-94.

Schermelleh-Engel, K., Moosbrugger, H., & Müller, H. (2003). Evaluating the fit of structural equation models: Tests of significance and descriptive goodness-of-fit measures. Methods of Psychological Research Online, 8(2), 23-74.

Segal, G., Borgia, D., & Schoenfeld, J. (2005). The motivation to become an entrepreneur. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 11(1), 42-57.

Shapero, A. & Sokol, L. (1982). The social dimensions of entrepreneurship. In C. Kent, S. D. & K. Vesper (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship (pp. 72-90). Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Shinnar, R. S., Hsu, D. K., & Powell, B. C. (2014). Self-efficacy, entrepreneurial intentions, and gender: Assessing the impact of entrepreneurship education longitudinally. The International Journal of Management Education, 12(3), 561-570.

Souitaris, V., Zerbinati, S., & Al-Laham, A. (2007). Do entrepreneurship programmes raise entrepreneurial intention of science and engineering students? The effect of learning, inspiration and resources. Journal of business venturing, 22(4), 566-591.

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5 ed.). Boston Pearson/Allyn & Bacon.

Urban, B., Van Vuuren, J. J., & Owen, R. H. (2008). Antecedents to entrepreneurial intentions: Testing for measurement invariance for cultural values, attitudes and self-efficacy beliefs across ethnic groups. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 6(1), 1-9.

Weerakoon, W. M. P. G. C., & Gunatissa, H. H. A. J. (2014). Antecedents of Entrepreneurial Intention (With Reference to Undergraduates of UWU, Sri Lanka). International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 4(11), 1-6.

Zhang, Y., Duysters, G., & Cloodt, M. (2014). The role of entrepreneurship education as a predictor of university students’ entrepreneurial intention. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 10(3), 623-641




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/dp.v13i1.12971

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.