Adaptasi Masyarakat terhadap Perubahan Penutup Lahan di Kecamatan Kelapa Kampit, Belitung Timur

Emma Rahmawati, Anang Dwi Purwanto

Abstract


Land cover changes occur in Indonesia where one of them is in Kelapa Kampit, East Belitung Regency. This area is very famous for large-scale tin mining activities carried out by tin companies. Along with the policy on mining activities that must care about the surrounding environment and reclamation and revegetation activities carried out in post-mining land, the massive tin mining activities in the region are decreasing. This study aims to analyze changes in land cover and find out the adaptation of the community carried out due to changes in land cover and to know the factors that influence the adaptation strategy. This study uses the mixed methods approach. The data used include in the form of Landsat TM satellite imagery acquisition in 1995 and Landsat 8 acquisition in 2015 and interview data. The method of separating land cover objects using the technique of not guided digital classification. After the reclassification process has been carried out, 8 (eight) classes of land cover are produced. The results of the study show (1) there are contradictory conditions between mining land and forests with oil palm plantations. The condition of the mining area and forests from 1994 - 2015 decreased, while the area of oil palm plantations increased significantly. (2) The community adapts to varying sources of income, changes mining areas and relies on assistance from various parties (3) The factors that determine community adaptation are education, knowledge, environmental conditions, people's understanding of job other than mining, sources of income and assistance provided to the community.

Keywords


Community Adaptation; Tin Mining; Land Cover; Landsat Image; Kelapa Kampit

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bungin, B. (2001). Metodologi Penelitian Sosial, Format-format Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif. Surabaya: Airlangga University Pers.

Ellis, F. (1998). Household Strategies and Rural Livelihood Diversification. Journal of Development Studies, 35, 1-38.

Fauzi, A. (2004). Ekonomi Sumber Daya Alam dan Lingkungan. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama

Fauzi, A., Juanda, B., Barus, B dan Widyarmiko, R. (2012). Pengembangan Wilayah Berkelanjutan di Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung. Bogor: IPB.

Hamidi. (2011). Aplikasi Sistem Informasi Geografis Berbasis Web Penyebaran Dana Bantuan Operasional Sekolah. Jurnal Masyarakat Informatika, (2), 2086-4930.

Handoko. (2014). Perubahan Tutupan Hutan di Taman Hutan Raya Wan Abdul Rachman. Skripsi Universitas Lampung. Bandar Lampung.

Helmi, A. dan Satria, A. (2012). Strategi Adaptasi Nelayan terhadap Perubahan Ekologis. Makara, Sosial Humaniora, 16(1), 2012, pp. 68-78.

Kushardono, D. (2017). Klasifikasi Digital Pada Penginderaan Jauh. PT Penerbit IPB Press, Bogor.

Lillesand, T. M., Kiefer, R. W. & Chipman, J. W. (2003). Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation Fifth Edition. United States of America: John Wiley & Son.

Najiyati, et al. (2018). Optimalisasi Manfaat Dana Desa dalam Mendukung Perekonomian Desa. Laporan Hasil Penelitian Puslitbang Kemendesa PDTT.

Neuman, L. (2003). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, 7th Edition. Boston: Allyn & Bacon Imprint of Pearson.

Satori, S., Qomariah, A., & Riduwan. (2009). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Setiawan, D., Nurrochmat, D. & Kuncahyo, B. (2018). Model Keberterimaan Kebijakan Penggunaan Kawasan Hutan di Kepulauan Bangka Belitung. Media Konservai, 23(1), pp. 65-76.

Smit, B. & Wandel J. (2006). Adaptation, adaptive capacity and vulnerability. Global Environmental Change, 16, pp. 282-292.

Sujitno S. (2007). Sejarah Timah di Pulau Bangka. PT. Timah Tbk Pangkal Pinang.

Sujitno, S. (2007). Dampak Kehadiran Timah Indonesia Sepanjang Sejarah. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Wilya, D., Mulyadi, AT., & Lidiawati, I. (2014). Kajian Luas Kawasan Hutan sesuai SK 1357/Menhut-II/2004 dengan Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Provinsi Tahun 2010-2030. Jurnal Nusa Sylva, 14(2), pp. 1-7.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/fis.v46i2.21223

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Forum Ilmu Sosial

License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
View FIS Stats