New Social Movements (A Case Study of Aksi Kamisan in Jakarta)

Bambang Tri Atmojo, Yumalaksmi Anggi Safara


The severe human rights violation cases in the past that have not been resolved by the government trigger the victims and their families to fight for their rights in various ways. The state ignores the lawsuit conveyed by the victims and their families. Therefore, they unite their power to fight collectively through silent protest, namely Aksi Kamisan. Aksi Kamisan has been over 14 years old and this action consistently prosecutes the government to resolve the vicious human rights violations cases. This research aims to find: (1) the background of Aksi Kamisan, (2) the strategy of Aksi Kamisan in reaching its goal, (3) the strategy of Aksi Kamisan in maintaining the movement solidarity. This research used the qualitative method. The research site was in Jakarta, precisely in front of Istana Negara (State Palace). The data were taken from interviews with the initiators and young activists of Aksi Kamisan. The collecting data techniques were performed through interviews, observation, and documentation. This research applied interactive data analysis as the technique of data analysis. Analysis of the data begins with collecting, reducing, presenting, and concluding the data. This research finds out that the background of Aksi Kamisan is due to the struggle of human rights victims and their families that have not been resolved over time. On the other hand, they have grown old. Therefore, all the victims and families initiate to unite their struggle to strengthen their power. The movement strategy used by Aksi Kamisan is doing advocacy with several steps, namely litigation, non-litigation, campaign, and public education. The movement solidarity maintenance is carried out by lifting up the contextual issues or taking an issue from afar to be themed for Aksi Kamisan and its reflection. Another way to keep the solidarity is inviting the other groups outside the activists circle to be involved in helping the struggle of Aksi Kamisan, retreat, the leader’s role, the public engagement, and the regeneration of Aksi Kamisan activists.


New Social Movement; Aksi Kamisan

Full Text:



Cohen, J. L. (1985). Strategy or identity: New theoretical paradigms and contemporary social movements. Social research, 663-716.

Durkheim, E. (1984). The division of labor in society. Simon and Schuster.

Festinger, L., Schachter, S., & Back, K. (1950). Social pressures in informal groups; a study of human factors in housing.

Fisher, R. (1992). Organizing in the modern metropolis: Considering new social movement theory. Journal of Urban History, 18(2), 222-237.

Fowler, A. (1993). Nonâ€governmental organizations as agents of democratization: An African perspective. Journal of International Development, 5(3), 325-339.

Kanter, R. M. (1972). Commitment and community: Communes and utopias in sociological perspective (Vol. 36). Harvard University Press.

Klandermans, B. (2005). Protes dalam kajian psikologi sosial. Terjemahan oleh Helly P. Soetjipto, Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta.

Lipsky, M. (1968). Protest as a political resource. The American Political Science Review, 62(4), 1144-1158.

Lofland, J. (2003). Protes: Studi tentang perilaku kelompok dan gerakan sosial. Yogyakarta: Insist.

Martono, N. (2012). Sosiologi Perubahan Sosial: Perspektif Klasik, Modern, Posmodern, dan Poskolonial (Sampel halaman). RajaGrafindo Persada Jakarta.

Morris, A. D., & Staggenborg, S. (2004). Leadership in social movements. The Blackwell companion to social movements, 171-196.

Mukharrom, M. T. (2004). Teologi Advokasi. Al-Mawarid Journal of Islamic Law, 12(11), 26021.

Pichardo, N. A. (1997). New social movements: A critical review. Annual review of sociology, 23(1), 411-430.

Piven, F. F., & Cloward, R. A. (1995). Collective protest: a critique of resource-mobilization theory. In Social Movements (pp. 137-167). Palgrave Macmillan, London.

Pizzorno, A. (1977). Scambio politico e identità collettiva nel conflitto di classe. Italian Political Science Review/Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica, 7(2), 165-198.

Polletta, F., & Jasper, J. M. (2001). Collective identity and social movements. Annual review of Sociology, 27(1), 283-305.

Singh, R. (2010). Gerakan Sosial Baru. Yogyakarta: Resist Book.

Snow, D. (2001). Collective identity and expressive forms. UC Irvine: Center for the Study of Democracy

Suharko, S. (2006). Gerakan Sosial Baru di Indonesia: Repertoar Gerakan Petani. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, 10(1), 1-34.

Sukmana, O. (2016). Konsep dan Teori Gerakan Sosial. Malang: Intrans Publishing.

Tilly, C., & Wood, L. J. (2015). Social Movements, 1768-2012. Routledge.

Zurcher, L. A., & Snow, D. A. (2017). Collective behavior: Social movements. In Social psychology (pp. 447-482). Routledge.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Forum Ilmu Sosial

License URL:

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View FIS Stats