INVESTIGASI MODEL MENTAL PADA MATERI ALKOHOL MENGGUNAKAN TES DIAGNOSTIK INTERVIEW ABOUT EVENT

Ulya Lathifa, Dwipa Ajiati, Wirda Udaibah

Abstract


As chemistry teacher candidates, chemistry education students should have a complete mental model, including alcohol. But in reality, 42% of prospective chemistry teacher students at one of the state universities found that alcohol material was difficult to understand. These difficulties are indicators of the lack of mental models of the chemistry teacher candidates. This study aims to explore the types of mental models of prospective chemistry teachers on alcohol material. This research is a type of descriptive research with a qualitative approach. The subjects of this study were students of the Department of Chemistry Education in 2016. The sample was selected using a purposive sampling technique. The number of samples determined was 12 students with different levels of understanding. Mental model excavations were performed using the Diagnostic Test Mental-Interview About Event (TDM-IAE). The diagnostic test consists of open-ended questions, drawing submicroscopic representation activities, and interviews. The results showed that in general chemistry teacher candidates had a synthetic mental model with a percentage of 66.66% verbal description answers. In the picture answers, all chemistry teacher candidates have a synthetic mental model.


Keywords


mental model, alcohol, TDM-IAE

Full Text:

PDF

References


Mocerino, M., 2007, The Development of A Two-Tier Multiple-Choice Diagnostic Instrument for Evaluating Secondary School Students ’ Ability to Describe and Explain Chemical Reactions Using Multiple Levels of Representation, Educational Research, Vol 8, No 3, Hal 293–307.

Collins, A dan Gentner, G., 1987, How People Construct Mental Model, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Halim, N.D.A., Ali, M.B., Yahya, N., Said, M.N.H.M., 2013. Mental Model In Learning Chemical Bonding : A Preliminary Study, Procedia-Social And Behavioral Sciences, Vol 97, No 1, Hal 224–228.

Handayanti, Y., Setiabudi, A., dan Nahadi, 2015, Analisis Profil Model Mental Siswa SMA pada Materi Laju Reaksi, Jurnal Penelitian dan Pembelajaran IPA, Vol 1, No 1, Hal 107-122.

Jansoon, N., Coll, R.K. dan Somsook, E., 2009, Understanding Mental Models Of Dilution In Thai Students, International Journal of Environmental dan Science Education, Vol 4, No 2, Hal 147–168.

Kantarinata, D., Yuliati, L., dan Mufti, N., 2017, Identifikasi Model Mental Siswa pada Materi Suhu dan Kalor, Prosiding Seminar Pendidikan IPA Pascasarjana UM, Vol 2, Hal 161-165.

Karatas, I., Guven, B., dan Cekmez, E., 2011, A Cross-Age Study of Students ’ Understanding of Limit and Continuity Concepts, Boletim De Educacao Matematica, Vol 24, No 1, Hal 245–264.

Kurnaz, M.A. dan Eksi, C., 2015, An Analysis of High School Students ’ Mental Models of Solid Friction in Physics, Educational Sciences: Theory dan Practice Physics, Vol 15, No 3, Hal 787–795.

Kurnaz, M.A. dan Emen A.Y., 2014, Student Mental Models Related to Expansion and Contraction, Acta Didactica Napocensia, Vol 7, No 1, Hal 59-68.

Laliyo, L.A.R., 2011, Model Mental Siswa dalam Memahami Perubahan Wujud Zat, Jurnal Penelitian dan Pendidikan, Vol 8, No 1, Hal 1–12.

Rahayu, S. dan Purwanto, J, 2013, Identifikasi Model Mental Siswa SMA Kelas X pada Materi Hukum Newton Tentang Gerak, Kaunia, Vol 9, No 2, Hal 12–20.

Sunyono, Yuanita, L., dan Ibrahim, M, 2015, Mental Models of Students on Stoichiometry Concept in Learning by Method Based on Multiple, The Online Journal Of NewHorizons In Education, Vol 5, No 2, Hal 30–45.

Supriadi, Ibnu, S., dan Yahmin, 2018, Analisis Model Mental Mahasiswa Pendidikan Kimia dalam Memahami Jenis Reaksi Kimia, Jurnal Pijar MIPA, Vol 8, No 1, Hal 1-5.

Ulfah, M., Subandi, dan Munzil, 2017, Miskonsepsi Pada Materi Gugus Fungsi dan Potensi Strategi Konflik Kognitif Berbasis Multipel Representasi dalam Memperbaikinya, Jurnal Pembelajaran Kimia, Vol 2, No 2, Hal 9-14.

Vosniadou, S., dan Brewer, W. F, 1994, Mental Models of The Day/ Night Cycle, Cognitive Science, Vol 18, No 1, Hal 123-183.

Wang, C.Y. 2007. The Role of Mental-Modeling Ability, Content Knowlwdge, and Mental Models in General Chemistry Students’ Understanding about Molecular Polari, Thesis. Columbia: Dissertation for the Doctor Degree of Philosophy in the Graduate School of the University of Missouri.

Yuanita, L. dan Ibrahim, M, 2015, Supporting Students in Learning with Multiple Representation to Improve Student Mental Models on Atomic Structure Concepts, Science Education International, Vol 26, No 2, Hal 104–125..


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.