Percussion Pattern of Terebang Gede in Panggung Jati Studio, Panggung Jati Village, Serang

Suhaya Suhaya, Abdul Rachman, Syahrul Syah Sinaga, Dandi Musa Alfayad

Abstract


The characteristics of a region become an identity that is certainly inseparable from the noble values it adheres to, including religious values as the foundation for the formation of art of terebang gede in the Panggung Jati studio, Panggung Jati village, Serang, Banten. This study aims to describe the percussion patterns in the art of Terebang Gede both in text and context by using a qualitative paradigm with descriptive analytical methods. As a highlighted theory, ethnomusicology is used to analyze the existence of music in a culture, both from physical aspects and socio-cultural aspects. The data collection technique is done by interview, documentation study, and literature study. The data analysis stages are carried out in the order of data collection, data reduction, data organizing into a pattern, category, and description into basic descriptions that lead to the concluding process. The results showed that the percussion pattern of terebang gede is very simple. The percussion patterns on all existing musical instruments, such as the musical instrument of koneng, kempul, penganak (bibit), interlude, and bass (terebang gede), still follow the framework of the percussion “standard” which is hereditary from previous generations. Until now, this accompaniment without the development of rhythmic variations has been used to accompany syair or sholawat Al-Barzanjiwith with tones of Sundanese-style songs of the salendro type. Changes in accompaniment were not made because this performance was only performed on special occasions for Muslims to broadcast and support worship which was not intended as entertainment music.


Keywords


art; music; percussion patterns; terebang gede

Full Text:

PDF

References


Peraturan Gubernur Banten Tentang Rencana Kerja Pemerintah Daerah Provinsi Banten Tahun 2017, 1 (2017).

Chusna, A. (2015). Pentingnya Kegiatan Pembacaan Kitab Al-Barzanji Untuk Mengembangkan Nilai-Nilai Pendidikan Agama Islam di Era Globalisasi di Pondok Pesantren Darussalam Bangunsari Ponorogo. Ponorogo: Institut Agama Islam Negeri Ponorogo.

Dalori, D., Sumaryanto, T., & Utomo, U. (2019). The Process and Function of Rebana Music Gendukan Jawan As A Communication of Kelompok Informasi Masyarakat (Kim). Catharsis, 8(3), 333-342.

Fauzan, R., & Nashar, N. (2017). “Mempertahankan Tradisi, Melestarikan Budaya”(Kajian Historis dan Nilai Budaya Lokal Kesenian Terebang Gede di Kota Serang). Candrasangkala: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Sejarah, 3(1), 1-9.

Harjono, R., & Rachman, A. (2018). Kreativitas Guru Dalam Pembelajaran Ekstrakurikuler Musik Keroncong Di Smp Negeri 1 Karangmoncol. Jurnal Seni Musik, 7(1), 34–47.

Haryanto, J. T. (2015). Relasi Agama dan Budaya dalam Hubungan Intern Umat Islam. Jurnal SMART (Studi Masyarakat, Religi, dan Tradisi), 1(1), 41–54.

Hood, M. (1957). Training and Playing in Ethnomusicology. Ethnomusicology Newsletter, 11(1).

Juliansyah, J., Syam, C., & Indrapraja, D. K. (2016). Kajian Etnomusikologi Alat Musik Alo’ Galing di Kecamatan Sambas Kabupaten Sambas. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa, 5(2), 1–11.

Khasanah, N., Nurhidayati, M., & Pamungkas, R. (2020). Penerapan Budaya Pengajaran Ala Pesantren di Lingkungan Dusun Sumberejo Lembeyan Wetan Magetan. Dimas: Jurnal Pemikiran Agama Untuk Pemberdayaan, 20(1), 53-64.

Khasbullah, A., Ismunandar, I., & Muniir, A. (2005). Kajian Musikologi Ragam Pola Tabuhan Tradisional Tar di Kelurahan Sungai Jawi Dalam Kota Pontianak. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa, 8(3), 1–9.

Kubarsah, U. (1994). Waditra Mengenal Alat-Alat Kesenian Darah Jawa Barat. Bandung: Sampurna.

Moleong, L. J. (2017). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Rosda.

Mulyana, Y. (2001). Dimensi Gerakan dalam Proses Pembentukan Propinsi Banten. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, 5(1), 61-90.

Nugraha, F. (2018). Kesenian Terbang Gede dalam Tradisi Ngarak Panjang Mulud di Masyarakat Banten. Jurnal Budaya Etnika, 2(1).

Nurhasanah, A., & Maryuni, Y. (2012). Revitalisasi Nilai Budaya dan Sejarah Bahari Banten Sebagai National Character Building. 2(January), 978–979.

Rachman, A., & Pribadi, S. E. (2019). Kroncong Music in Semarang: A Process of Enculturation. Ijal, 4(2), 1–9.

Rachman, A., & Utomo, U. (2018). “Sing Penting Keroncong”: Sebuah Inovasi Pertunjukkan Musik Keroncong di Semarang. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kajian Seni, 3(1).

Rachman, A., & Utomo, U. (2019). The Rhythm Pattern Adaptation of Langgam Jawa in Kroncong. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, Volume 276 2nd International Conference on Arts and Culture (ICONARC 2018), 276(Iconarc 2018), 99–101.

Ramadhani, F. A., & Rachman, A. (2019). Resistensi Musik Keroncong di Era Disrupsi: Studi Kasus pada O.K Gita Puspita di Kabupaten Tegal. Musikolastika: Jurnal Pertunjukan Dan Pendidikan Musik, 1(1), 41–51.

Said, H. A. (2016). Islam dan Budaya Di Banten : Menelisik Atraksi Debus dan Tradisi Panjang Maulid. Kalam: Jurnal Studi Agama dan Pemikiran Islam, 10(1), 109–138.

Simeon, J. J. C. (2015). The U9 Xylophone : An Innovation in Music Classroom Teaching. Wacana Seni Journal of Arts Discourse, 14, 147–165.

Simeon, J. J. C., On, L. K., Baxter, I. S., Saudik, M., Ahmad, S., & Suan, C. L. (2017). Traditional Musical Instruments and Dance Music of the Lundayeh of Sabah. Wacana Seni, 16, 103–133.

Sinaga, S. S. (2001). Akulturasi Kesenian Rebana (The Acculturation of the Art of Rebana). Harmonia: Journal of Arts Research and Education, 2(3), 72–83.

Sinaga, S. S. (2006). Fungsi dan Ciri Khas Kesenian Rebana di Pantura Jawa Tengah (Function and Characteristic of Rebana in the Beach Region of Central Java). Harmonia: Journal of Arts Research and Education, 7(3).

Sugiyono. (2016). Metode Penelitian dan Pengembangan. Jakarta: Elfabeta.

Suprihatin, E. W., & Pratamawati, D. (2019). Conservation Strategy in Preserving The Local Image Existence of Wayang Topeng. Harmonia: Journal of Arts Research and Education, 19(2), 179–184.

Viedar, G. M. (2018). Pembelajaran Seni Terebang Gede Dalam Kegiatan Ekstrakulikuler di SMP 13 Kota Serang. Bandung: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Wicaksono, H. Y. (2019). Weak of Effects of Music Education in The Establishment of Characters. Harmonia: Journal of Arts Research and Education, 19(2), 172–178.

Widyasari, N. (2014). Peranan Debus Dalam Pembinaan Budaya Kewarganegaraan (Civic Culture) Pada Masyarakat Banten. Bandung: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Zahrotul, F., & Rachman, A. (2020). Aransemen Vokal Sebagai Identitas O.K Congrock 17 di Semarang. Gondang : Jurnal Seni Dan Budaya, 4(1), 38-46.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/harmonia.v20i2.18067

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.