Characteristics of Titounis Children Songs: A Study of Songs, Music Instruments and Onomatopoeia

Mochammad Usman Wafa, Neli Purwani, Abdul Malik

Abstract


The purpose of the study is to describe an analysis of children’s song characteristics Titounis. This study used a musicological approach to recognize songs’ characteristics. The data collection were document study and, listen and take note. This study used a content analysis technique. The analysis cover three aspects:  (1) songs’ analysis, (2) instruments’ analysis, (3) Onomatopoeia.  The songs that were analyzed were (1) Petit Escargot, (2) Le Roues de l Autobus, (3) Les Chiffres, (4) Un kilometer en Roulant. In the song analysis, the patterns used were general patterns, using fun and cheerful vocals, strong tonal stress, relatively limited variations in tones, slow, fast, and gradual tempo. The delivery style invites singing as well as dialogue or interaction. Then in musical instruments, the melody variations of each instrument form harmonization, the use of non-musical instruments emphasizes the theme of the song and provides the experience of hearing about the environment. The onomatopoeic analysis shows sound vroom (car), pataboum (jumping passengers), bip-bip-bip (serine), suisse-suisse (wiper). The onomatopoeia of Titounis songs serves to strengthen the song’s theme.


Keywords


Titounis children song; onomatopoeia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Butzlaff, R. (2000). Can music be used to teach reading? Journal of Aes- Thetic Education, 34, 167–178.

Chaer, A. (2009). Pengantar Semantik Bahasa Indonesia (2nd ed.). Rineka Cipta.

Delalande, F. (2003). La Musique Est Un Jeu D’enfant (2nd ed.). Institut National de l’Audiovisuel and Buchet/Chastel.

Forgeard, M., Winner, E., Norton, A., & Schlaug, G. (2008). Practicing a musical instrument in childhood is associated with enhanced verbal ability and nonverbal reasoning. PLoS One, 3(10).

Hernandez-Ruiz, E. (2019). How is music processed? Tentative answers from cognitive neuroscience. Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 28(4), 315–332.

Huron, D. (2011). Why Is Sad Music Pleasurable? A Possible Role for Prolactin. Musicae Sci., 15, 146–158.

Hyde, K.L., Lerch, J., Norton, A., Forgread, M., Winner, E., Evans, A. C. (2009). Musical Training Shapes Structural Brain Development. The Journal of Neuroscience, 29(10), 3019–3025.

Kridalaksana, H. (2013). Kamus Linguistik (4th ed.). Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka.

Kristyana, L. N., & Suharto, S. (2014). Singing as a Strategy to Enhance the Ability to Speak for Early Childhood. Harmonia: Journal of Arts Research and Education, 14(2), 123–130.

Kriyantono, R. (2012). Teknik Praktis Riset Komunikasi (6th ed.). Kencana. Prenadamedia Group.

Lehmann, J.A.M.; Seufert, T. (2017). The Influence of Background Music on Learning in the Light of Different Theoretical Perspectives and the Role of Working Memory Capacity. Front. Psychol., 8, 1902.

Masataka, N. (2006). Preference for Consonance over Dissonance by Hearing Newborns of Deaf parents and of Hearing Parents. National Library of Medicine, 9(1).

Meng, Q., & Jiang, Jiani, Fangfang Liu, and X. X. (2020). Effects of the Musical Sound Environment on Communicating Emotion. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17, 2499.

Nicolaou, N.; Malik, A.; Daly, I.; Weaver, J.; Hwang, F.; Kirke, A.; Roesch, E.B.; Williams, D.; Miranda, E. R. ., & Nasuto, S. J. (2017). Directed Motor-Auditory EEG Connectivity Is Modulated by Music Tempo. Front. Hum. Neurosci, 11, 502.

Reybrouck, M. (2015). Music as Environment: An Ecological and Biosemiotic Approach. Behavioral Sciences, 5(1).

Sumaryanto, T., & Utomo, U. (2015). Form, Development And The Application Of Mudic Media In The Kindergarden: A Comparative Study of Two Kindergartens. Harmonia: Jurnal Pengetahuan Dan Pemikiran Seni, 15(2), 101–106.

Trainor, L. J. (2019). La Musique chez les tout-petits: Developpement Emotionnel, Auto-Regulation et Cooperation Sociale. Revue Internationale D’education de Sevres, 75, 65–74.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/harmonia.v20i2.25539

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.