The Jaipongan Drumming Strokes in Lagu Gedé in Sundanese Gamelan

Asep Saepudin, Ela Yulaeliah

Abstract


This paper aims to describe the Jaipongan drumming strokes in Lagu Gedé. Lagu Gedé is a type of song in Sundanese Karawitan that has a large embat (rhythm). This song includes a dish of drums vocals accompanied by gamelan pelog-salendro with characteristics that have tone, barrel, surupan, embat, gending, slow tempo, embat opat wilet, and bound by the standard rules. Observations were made by appreciating Jaipongan’s performances in Bandung and Karawang. Besides, the author conducts interviews with several primary informants who are directly involved in the arrangement of Jaipongan. Gedé’s point here is to look at it with a smooth, soft, slow serving. The Kiliningan genre has a specific punch motif name for Gede’s song.  The name of this variation is called tepak melem. Melem has a delicious or gentle meaning. Tepak melem to accompany Sekar Gending songs in Kiliningan genre. The phenomenon that happens that Lagu Gede is served in Kiliningan dish and used to attend Jaipongan dance. When Jaipongan’s work uses Gedé’s song, it generates innovations. Gedé’s song is no longer presented with a glued drum but with a tepak diteunggeul. Diteunggeul contains the meaning of being hit hard, powerful, dynamic, and fast. This research concluded that jaipongan drumming strokes in Lagu Gedé is realized that drummers and dancers must explore many spaces because it has the freedom to work. After all, they present it in an embat opat wilet (big rhythm). This affects the widening of the number of beats, the position of kenongan, pancer, and gongan. Artists have the freedom to do creativity in working on Gede’s songs.  The space of artists in their work can ultimately foster new creativity that impacts the growth and development of Sundanese karawitan.


Keywords


tepak, Lagu Gedé, drumming, Jaipongan

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/harmonia.v21i1.28206

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