State’s Protective Measure towards Criminalization of Investigative Journalists

Zenny Rezania Dewantary, Gratianus Prikasetya

Abstract

Investigative journalism is a form of news covering activities where the journalists are investigating deeply the information and/or events. Investigative journalism utilizes investigation technique because general methods of journalistic would not suffice, due to the nature of objects being investigated. To that extent, the journalists often face threats and dangers that arise the importance of protective measure by Indonesian State authorities. Using normative-empirical legal research method, this research was conducted to describe the design of legal protection towards investigative journalists. The protective measure towards investigative journalists substantially covered by Journalistic Ethical Code and The Press Law; Registered press company, particularly press company founded as legal entity; Strong role of Press Council in advocating investigative journalists; Article 50 of Indonesian Penal Code as legitimacy of freedom of press; MoUs between Press Council and law enforcers. The implementation in the field requires investigative journalists to uphold carefullness due to the culture of law enforcement in particular and society in general that is still putting criminal law as primum remedium towards press.

Keywords

Criminalization; Freedom of Press; Investigative Journalism; State’s Protection

Full Text:

PDF

References

admin_jaring. (2016). Jurnalisme Investigasi di Indonesia Masih Tertinggal Jauh. Retrieved June 21, 2020, from jaring.id website: https://jaring.id/jurnalisme-investigasi-di-indonesia-masih-tertinggal-jauh/

AJI Indonesia. (2019). Country Report: Civil Society Research Assessment of Compliance with Sustainable Development Goal Indicator 16.10.2. Retrieved from https://aji.or.id/upload/article_doc/2019_FINAL_REPORT_RESEARCH_FREEDOM_OF_INFORMATION_(FOI)_INDONESIA_FOINET_METHODE_AJI1.pdf

Amali, Z. (2019). 2 Jurnalis Sultra Dilaporkan, SAFEnet: Bukan Pencemaran Nama Baik. Retrieved June 21, 2020, from Tirto.id website: https://tirto.id/2-jurnalis-sultra-dilaporkan-safenet-bukan-pencemaran-nama-baik-dhst

Ansell, G., & Groenink, E. (2016). Cara Menjadi Juru Bicara Untuk Rakya (Petunjuk Untuk Jurnalisme Investigasi). Singapore: Konrad-Adenauer Stiftung (KAS).

BBC News Indonesia. (2010). Jurnalisme Investigasi terancam oleh UU Publik. Retrieved June 21, 2020, from https://www.bbc.com website: https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/dunia/2010/05/100503_pressdayindonesia

Dermansyah, A. T. (2015). Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Pers yang Melakukan Tindak Pidana Pencemaran Nama Baik dalam Perspektif Hukum Pers. Universitas Brawijaya.

Dirgahayu, D. (2015). Persepsi Wartawan terhadap Aktivitas Jurnalistik Investigasi. Jurnal Penelitian Komunikasi, 18(1), 79–88.

Goesniadhie, K. (2006). Harmonisasi Hukum Dalam Perspekf Perundang-Undangan: Lex Spesialis Suatu Masalah. Surabaya: JP Books.

Ibrahim, J. (2007). Teori dan Metodologi Penelitian Hukum Normatif. Malang: CV Bayumedia Publishing.

Kurniawati, E. (2018). Ditangkap, Ini Kronologi Kasus Pimpinan Tabloid Obor Rakyat. Retrieved June 21, 2020, from tempo.co website: https://nasional.tempo.co/read/1087159/ditangkap-ini-kronologi-kasus-pimpinan-tabloid-obor-rakyat

Marzuki, P. M. (2017). Penelitian Hukum (13th ed.). Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Nazakat, S. (2016). Petunjuk Untuk Jurnalisme Investigasi. Retrieved June 21, 2020, from https://www.investigative-manual.org/ website: https://www.investigative-manual.org/

Ni’matun, N. (2020). Hari Kebebasan Pers Sedunia: Refleksi Kebijakan atas Kebebasan Pers dan Hak atas Informasi di Indonesia. Retrieved June 21, 2020, from aji.or.id website: https://aji.or.id/read/berita/1061/hari-kebebasan-pers-sedunia-refleksi-kebijakan-atas-kebebasan-pers-dan-hak-atas-informasi-di-indonesia.html

Rahmania, D. (2014). Perjuangan Meraih Kebebasan Pers pada Era Kolonial. Universitas Indonesia.

Sohuturon, M. (2018). Diduga Hina Ketum PPP, Wartawan Senior Ditangkap Polisi. Retrieved June 21, 2020, from cnnindonesia.com website: https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20180209181130-12-275136/diduga-hina-ketum-ppp-wartawan-senior-ditangkap-polisi

Triwardani, R. (2010). Pembreidelan Pers di Indonesia dalam Perspektif Politik Media. Jurnal ILMU KOMUNIKASI, 7(2), 187–208.

Ulya, A. (2012). Pers Indonesia dari Masa ke Masa. UIN Sunan Kalijaga.

Widhana, D. H. (2019). No Progress on Press Freedom under President Widodo’s Watch. Retrieved June 21, 2020, from Asia Pacific Solidarity Network website: https://www.asia-pacific-solidarity.net/index.php/news/2019-02-09/no-progress-press-freedom-under-president-widodos-watch.html

Yudhapramesti, P. (2015). Jurnalis dan Jurnalisme dalam Fenomena Kontemporer. Jurnal Komunikasi, 10(1), 89–98.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments
 |  Add comment