Mediator Analysis of Perceived Organizational Support: Role of Spiritual Leadership on Affective Commitment

Stefanus Rumangkit


This study aims to investigate the influence of spiritual leadership and perceived organizational support on affective commitment. In addition, the moderating role of perceived organizational support in the relationship of spiritual leadership and affective commitment will be tested. This research was conducted with survey research design, and the type of data was cross-sectional. Surveys conducted based on web based surveys. Research focuses on organizational members or employees in the Bandar Lampung region. Data is collected by self-administered survey with sampling in the form of non-probability sampling, namely by purposive sampling. Processing data and testing hypotheses is done using moderated regression analysis. The number of respondents in this study amounted to 130 respondents. Spiritual leadership is measured by SLT survey questions developed by Fry et al (2005), with 17 items of questions. Affective commitment was measured by 6 items of measurement scale developed by Meyer, Allen and Smith (1993). Whereas, perceived organizational support was measured by the short version of (Eisenberger et al., 1986), consisting of 8 statements.The results of the investigation show that spiritual leadership and perceived organizational support influence affective commitment. In particular, the moderating effect of perceived organizational support can strengthen the relationship of spiritual leadership and affective commitment.


Affective Commitment, Perceived Organizational Support.

Full Text:



Alkahtani, A. H. (2015). The Influence of Leadership Styles on Organizational Commitment: the Moderating Effect of Emotional Intelligence. Business and Management Studies, 2(1), 23-34.

Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1996). Affective, Continuance, and Normative Commitment to the Organization: an Examination of Construct Validity. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 49(3), 252-276.

Aubé, C., Rousseau, V., & Morin, E. M. (2007). Perceived Organizational Support and Organizational Commitment. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 22(5), 479-495.

Bateman, T. S., & Strasser, S. (1984). A Longitudinal Analysis of the Antecedents of Organizational Commitment. Academy of Management Journal, 27(1), 95-112.

Benefiel, M. (2005). The Second Half of the Journey: Spiritual Leadership for Organizational Transformation. The Leadership Quarterly, 16(5), 723-747.

Eisenberger, R., Huntington, R., Hutchison, S., & Sowa, D. (1986). Perceived Organizational Support. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71(3), 500-507.

Fry, L. W. (2003). Toward a Theory of Spiritual Leadership. Leadership Quarterly, 14(6), 693-727.

Fry, L. W., Vitucci, S., & Cedillo, M. (2005). Spiritual Leadership and Army Transformation: Theory, Measurement, and Establishing a Baseline. Leadership Quarterly, 16(5), 835-862.

Gouldner, A. W. (1960). The Norm of Reciprocity: a Preliminary Statement. American Sociological Review, 25(2), 161-178.

Kalantarkousheh, S. M., Sharghi, N., Soleimani, M., & Ramezani, S. (2014). The Role of Spiritual Intelligence on Organizational Commitment in Employees of Universities in Tehran Province, Iran. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 140(1), 499-505.

Kanter, R. M. (1968). Commitment and Social Organization: a Study of Commitment Mechanisms in Utopian Communities. American Sociological Review, 33(4), 499-517.

Lamastro, V. (1999). Commitment and Perceived Organizational Support. National Forum of Applied Educational Research Journal, 12(3) 1-13.

Lee, J., & Peccei, R. (2007). Perceived Organizational Support and Affective Commitment: the Mediating Role of Organization-Based Self-Esteem in the Context of Job Insecurity. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 28(6), 661-685.

Lee, K., Allen, N. J., Meyer, J. P., & Rhee, K. Y. (2001). The Three-Component Model of Organisational Commitment: an Application to South Korea. Applied Psychology, 50(4), 596-614.

Marique, G., Stinglhamber, F., Desmette, D., Caesens, G., & de Zanet, F. (2013). The Relationship between Perceived Organizational Support and Affective Commitment: a Social Identity Perspective. Group and Organization Management, 38(1), 68-100.

Meyer, J. P., Paunonen, S. V., Gellatly, I. R., Goffin, R. D., & Jackson, D. N. (1989). Organizational Commitment and Job Performance: it’s the Nature of the Commitment that Counts. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74(1), 152-156.

Meyer, J. P., Stanley, D. J., Herscovitch, L., & Topolnytsky, L. (2002). Affective, Continuance, and Normative Commitment to the Organization: a Meta-Analysis of Antecedents, Correlates, and Consequences. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 61(1), 20-52.

Rhoades, L., Eisenberger, R., & Armeli, S. (2001). Affective Commitment to the Organization: the Contribution of Perceived Organizational Support. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(5), 825-836.

Riketta, M. (2002). Attitudinal Organizational Commitment and Job Performance: a Meta-Analysis. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23(3), 257-266.

Robinson, S. L., Kraatz, M. S., & Rousseau, D. M. (2018). Changing Obligations and the Psychological Contract: a Longitudinal Study. Academy of Management Journal. 37(1), 137-152.

Salehzadeh, R., Pool, J. K., Lashaki, J. K., Dolati, H., & Jamkhaneh, H. B. (2015). Studying the Effect of Spiritual Leadership on Organizational Performance: an Empirical Study in Hotel Industry. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 9(3), 346-359.

Shore, L. M., Lynch, P., Tetrick, L. E., & Barksdale, K. (2006). Social and Economic Exchange: Construct Development and Validation. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36(4), 837-867.

Shuck, B., Reio, T. G., & Rocco, T. S. (2011). Employee Engagement: an Examination of Antecedent and Outcome Variables. Human Resource Development International, 14(4), 427-445.

Torkamani, Z. N., Naami, A. Z., Hashemi Sheykhshabani, S. E., & Beshlide, K. (2015). The Effect of Spiritual Leadership with Organizational Commitment, Productivity and Knowledge Performance with Mediating Spiritual Well-Being and Learning Organization, in Employees of Bidboland Gas Company. International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Research, 4(1), 133-143.

Wong, S. C., Mahmud, M. M., & Omar, F. (2015). Spiritual Leadership Values and Organisational Behaviour in Malaysian Private Institutions of Higher Education. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 23(2), 495-507.

View Counter: Abstract - 744 and PDF - 677


  • There are currently no refbacks.