Household Food Security: Evidence From South Sumatera

Azwardi Azwardi, Hayu Faldun Widyasthika, Rosmiyati Chodijah Saleh, Nazeli Adnan


This study aims to determine the phenomenon of food security in South Sumatra Province. Food security is calculated using Shortfall/Surplus Index and Head Count Ratio. Binary Logistic Regression method is used to determine factors affecting food security. This study obtains data from National Socio-Economic Survey on March 2017 regarding average number of calories consumed by household per day, socio-economic characteristics of household, and household heads in South Sumatra. The Survey used total sample of 9,752 households consisting of 3,099 urban households and 6,653 rural households. The results of the study shows that using 2,100 kcal standard limit, most of districts in South Sumatra have entered safe food security limit. However, they have not entered safe food security limit using 2,500 kcal standard limit. Factors that affect household food insecurity in South Sumatra Province are caused by the number of household members and the education of household heads.


food security, poverty line, socio-economic, rural urban

Full Text:



Abele S, E. Twine and B. Hein. (2015). Food security in Eastern Africa and the Great Lakes Region. Crop Crises Control Project.

ADB. (2013). Food security in Asia and the Pacific. Asian Development Bank. doi: 10.1016/S1359-8368(01)00020-8.

Antwi, Kwaku Dei Antwi, Conrad Power Lyford & Richard Yeboah Nartey. (2018). Analysis of Food Security among Cocoa Producing Households in Ghana. Journal of Agriculture and Sustainability ISSN 2201-4357 Volume 11, Number 2, 2018, 129-144

Atoloye, A. T. et al. (2015). ‘Spatial Pattern of Household Food Insecurity and Childhood Malnutrition in Akinyele Local Government Area, Nigeria Atoloye, Abiodun Tolulope 1 ; Ogunba, Beatrice Olubukola 2 ; Samuel,

Folake Olukemi 1’, 3(1), pp. 235–250. doi: 10.15640/ijhs.v3n1a15.

Barrett, C. B. (2010). Measuring Food Security. Science, 327(5967), pp. 825–828. doi: 10.1126/science.1182768.

BPS. (2015). Calculation and Analysis of Indonesia Macro Poverty (Penghitungan dan Analisis Kemiskinan Makro Indonesia).

Craveiro, I. et al. (2016). Determinants, Health Problems and Food Insecurity in Urban Areas of the Largest City in Cape Verde. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Dalgleish, T. et al. (2007). UNDP Sustainable Development Goals. Journal of Experimental Psychology, General.

Dunga, H. M & Dunga, S. H. (2017). Coping Strategies Among the Food-Insecure Household in Malawi, a Case of Female and Male-Headed Household in South Eastern of Malawi. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanity Studies, 9(1), pp. 91-107

Edoumiekumo, S. G., Karimo, T. M. & Stephen, S. (2013). Determinants of Households Poverty and Vulnerability in Bayelsa State of Nigeria. 2(12), pp. 14–23.

FAO. (1996). The state of food and agriculture: food security:some macroeconomics dimensions. pp. 43–44.

FAO IFAD UNICEF, W . & W. (2017).The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017. Building Resilience for Peace and Food Security, Rome FAO. doi: 10.1080/15226514.2012.751351.

Food Security Council., & Ministry of Agriculture. (2018). Food Security and Vulnerability Atlas 2018, pp. 1–167.

Funmilola, A. F., M., M. & P.O., A. (2015). An Analysis of Socio-Economic Characteristics and Food Security Situation among Semi-Urban Households: A Case Study of Biu and Bama Local Government Areas in Borno State, Nigeria. Developing Country Studies, 5(6), pp. 59–68. Available at:

Habyarimana, Jean. (2015). Determinants of Household Food Insecurity in Developing Countries Evidences From a Probit Model for the Case of Rural Households in Rwanda.Sustainable Agriculture Research. Vol 4, doi:10.5539/sar.v4n2p78

Hadley, C. et al. (2011). Household Capacities, Vulnerabilitied and Food Insecurity: Shifts in Food Insecurity in Urban and Rural Ethiopia during the 2008 Food Crisis. Social Science & Medicine, 73 (2011), 1534-1542

Hailu, A., & Nigatu, R. (2007). Correlates of Household Food Security in Densely Populated Areas of Southern Ethiopia: Does the Household Structure Matter? Stud.Home Comm.Sci., 1(2): 85-91

Huang, J. Youngmi K. & Julie B. (2014). Unemployment and Household Food Hardship in The Economic Recession. Public Health Nutrition, 19(3), pp. 511-519

Ibok, O. W. et al. (2014). Food Security Determinants among Urban Food Crop Farming Households in Cross River State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 3(1), pp. 76–90. doi: 10.9734/AJAEES/2014/6560.

Ivers, L. C. & Cullen, K. A. (2011). Food Insecurity: special considerations for women. American Society for Nutrition

Joshi, G. R. & Joshi, B. (2017). Household food security: Trends and determinants in mountainous districts of Nepal. Future of Food: Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society, 5(2), pp. 42–55.

King, G. et al. (2015). Understanding Food in the Context of Poverty, Economic Insecurity and Social Exclusion A report for the Food Standards Agency in Northern Ireland. (April), p. 75.

Kumba, J. K. (2015). The Role of Household Characteristics in Determining Food Security in Kisii Central Sub-County, Kenya. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 5(7), pp. 186-192.

Lawson, P. S. (2014). An analysis of food poverty and the gender of household heads in Nigeria ’ s State of Lagos. 2(6), pp. 126–129.

Mallick, D. & Rafi, M. (2010). Are Female-Headed Households More Food Insecure? Evidence from Bangladesh. World Development, 38(4), pp. 593-605. doi: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2009.11.004

Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS). (2011). National Action Plan for Food and Nutrition 2011-2015', pp. 1–60. doi: 351,077 Ind r.

Ngunyi, A. et al. (2015). Multidimensional Analysis of the Determinants of Poverty Indicators in the Lake Victoria Basin(Kenya). IOSR Journal of Mathematics, 11(3), pp. 2278–5728. doi: 10.9790/5728-11357387.

Olayemi, A. O. (2012). Effects of Family Size on Household Food Security in Osun State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, 2(22), pp. 136–141. doi: ISSN: 2224-4433.

Oyekale, T. O., Ayegbokiki, A. O., & Adebayo, T. Y. (2017). Analysis of Rural Households’ Food Security Status In Ogun State, Nigeria. Jurnal of agribusiness and rural development, 43(4), pp. 163–174. doi: 10.3103/S1068367417040024.

Pinstrup-Andersen, P. (2009). Food security: definition and measurement. Food Security, 1(1), pp. 5–7. doi: 10.1007/s12571-008-0002-y.

Purwantini, T. B. (2012). Analysis of Food Consumption and Welfare Dynamics of Rice Farmers Households (Analisis Dinamika Konsumsi Pangan dan Kesejahteraan Rumah Tangga Petani Padi). prosedia- Agricultural Research and Development, pp. 508–522.

Purwantini, T. B. (2015). Food and Nutrition Insecurity Approach: Volumes, Characteristics and Causes, pp. 1–17.

Riches, G. (1997). Hunger, food security and welfare policies: issues and debates in First World societies. Proc Nutr Soc, (56), pp. 63–74. doi: doi:10.1079/PNS19970010.

Saliem, H.P, M. Ariani, Y.Marisa & T. B. Purwantini. (2002). Analysis of Regional Food Insecurity in the Development Decentralization Perspective. Research Report. Center for Agricultural Socio-Economic Research and Development. Bogor.

World Bank. (2015). Ending Poverty and Hunger by 2030. World Bank Group, Washington, DC, pp. 1–28.

Yusuf, Sulaiman A , Olubunmi L. Balogun & Olanike E. Falegbe. (2015). Effect of urban household farming on food security status in Ibadan metropolis, Oyo State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 60, No. 1, 2015 Pages 61-75. doi: 10.2298/JAS1501061Y

Zakari, S., Ying, L. & Song, B. (2014). Factors influencing household food security in West Africa: The case of southern Niger. Sustainability (Switzerland), 6(3), pp. 1191–1202. doi: 10.3390/su6031191.

Zhang, Y. (2016). Urbanization, Inequality, and Poverty in the People’s Republic of China. ADBI Working Paper 584. Tokyo: Asian Development Bank Institute. Available:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.