TINGKAT EFISIENSI PRODUKSI DAN PENDAPATAN PADA USAHA PENGOLAHAN IKAN ASIN SKALA KECIL

Himawan Arif Sutanto, Sri Imaningati

Abstract


The aim of this research was to measure the level of production efficiency and calculate the return and cost salted fish processing small scale in Pekalongan municipality. There are 20 business owners of small scale processing of salted fish were sampled with snowball sampling. Stochastic Frontier Analysis is used to measure the level of efficiency and descriptive statistics are used to calculate the ratio of return and cost. The results of this study show that the average technical efficiency is 0.7339, which means that the salted fish processing business in Pekalongan has not fully carried out its activities efficiently so that it is still possible to improve.Factors that influence the production of salted fish in Pekalongan is availability of fish, labor, equipment or facilities, auxiliary materials and extensive effort. Salted fish processing businesses in Pekalongan small scale is still quite favorable, as indicated by the R/C value of 1.37 which indicates that the amount of revenue entrepreneurs of small-scale fish processing is still greater than the costs to be incurred in running the business.


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur tingkat efisiensi produksi dan menghitung rasio biaya dan pendapatan usaha pengolahan ikan asin skala kecil di kota pekalongan. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalaah 20 pemilik usaha ikan asin dengan metode snowball sampling. Analisis frontier stokastik digunakan untuk mengukur tingkat efisiensi dan metode deskriptif statistik digunakan untuk menghitung rasio biaya dan pendapatan. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan nilai rata-rata efisiensi teknis sebesar 0,7339 yang berarti pelaku usaha pengolahan ikan asin di Kota Pekalongan belum seluruhnya melakukan kegiatannya secara efisien sehingga masih dimungkinkan untuk ditingkatkan. Faktor yang mempengaruhi efisiensi usaha ikan asin di kota pekalongan adalah ketersediaan bahan baku ikan, tenaga kerja, peralatan usaha, bahan penolong, dan luas usaha. Usaha pengolahan ikan asin di pekalongan masih menguntungkan, hal ini dapat terlihat dari nilau R/C sebesar 1,37 yang mengindikasikan keuntungan usaha masih lebih tinggi dibandingkan biayanya dalam menjalankan kegiatan usaha.



Keywords


efficiency; stochastic frontier analysis; returns and costs; small-sacle; fish processing; Pekalongan

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/jejak.v7i1.3844

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