Capitalist Development and Economic Outcomes of the State in Indonesia and South Korea: A Marxist View

Muhammad Ridha


This paper aims to understand why similar efforts of state intervention in Indonesia and South Korea can generate different economic outcomes. Arguing against three main theoretical positions on the economic outcomes of state intervention, this article mobilizes Marxist approach which suggests that the different economic outcomes of state intervention can be traced back to the different trajectory of capitalist development. It arguest that the different trajectory was conditioned by specific form of class struggle between labor and capital in each countries, which is shaped by the influence of imperialist power --particularly through the role of the United States— as a part to maintain its influence in each countries region. This different trajectory yields different character and capacity of the capitalist class that rule the state in each countries, which in turn determines the economic outcome of the state policies.


State; Class Struggle; Capitalist Development


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