The Implementation of Sinking Illegal Fishing Vessels Policy Towards the Bilateral Relations between Indonesia and Malaysia

M. Adnan Madjid, Widodo Widodo, Eko G. Samudro

Abstract


This study discusses the policy implementation by Indonesia regarding the sinking of illegal fishing vessels towards Indonesia's bilateral relations with Malaysia, especially those that occurred in Tarakan and Nunukan. Many losses from illegal fishing by neighboring countries made the President of Indonesia, through the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, took a firm stance regarding the rules of ship sinking to the accused ships that have been proven doing illegal fishing in the Indonesian sea. The Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries together with relevant agencies helped implement the policy which had an impact on the relationship between Indonesia and Malaysia. In this case, Malaysia is still in third place after Vietnam and the Philippines in the data on the number of vessels destroyed by the Indonesia. Malaysia is also the country with the fifth largest fish commodity production in Southeast Asia whereas fish consumption in Malaysia is ranked first in the region. Thus, the country faces obstacles in fulfilling the need for fish faced with Indonesian policies in addressing illegal fishing arrests by foreign countries. By qualitative methods, this research reveals the background of the existence and implementation of policies for the sinking of illegal fishing vessels and the impact of these policies on the Malaysian state. International system pressure, state power and other theories were used to help carry out this research. As a result, this study provides an overview of the relationship between Indonesia and Malaysia after the enactment of the policy. First, the Malaysian increase their fish trade and sea safeguard with Indonesia, both in the designated sea area and the gray area. Second, the government of Malaysia adopted the sinking ships method due to its mechanism that is considered effective and efficient in creating detterence effect. Third, both countries agreed to release poor or small fishermen who carry out IUU Fishing made between the President of Indonesia and the Prime Minister of Malaysia.

Keywords


Illegal fishing; Maritime; Security; Indonesia; Malaysia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ariyanti. (2014). Menteri Susi bikin harga ikan di Singapura & Malaysia Mahal? Retrieved from http://bisnis.liputan6.com/read/2141507/menteri-susi-bikin-harga-ikan-di-singapura-amp-malaysia-mahal in 12th Sep 2018.

Artiana, S. (2017). Harga Ikan Asin Di Pangkalpinang Naik. Retrieved from https://babel.antaranews.com/berita/65445/harga-ikan-asin-di-pangkalpinang-naik in 9th Sep 2018.

Chapsos, I., & Hamilton, S. (2018). Illegal fishing and fisheries crime as a transnational organized crime in Indonesia. Trends in Organized Crime, 1-19.

Detik Finance. (2015, Maret 13). Malaysia kekurangan ikan, Menteri Susi: Laut mereka kecil. Retrieved from https://finance.detik.com/berita-ekonomi-bisnis/2858018/malaysia-kekurangan-ikan-menteri-susi-laut-mereka-kecil in November 17th, 2018.

Fahmi, M. (2018). Wuzz, Angin Kencang, Harga Ikan Naik. Retrieved from https://www.jawapos.com/radarbromo/read/2017/08/09/6464/wuzz-angin-kencang-harga-ikan-naik in 9th Sep 2018.

FAO (2006). The Republic of Indonesia. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fi/oldsite/FCP/en/idn/profile.htm in 10th Sep 2018

FAO (2013). Fishery and aquaculture country profiles; Indonesia. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/facp/IDN/en in 10th Sep 2018.

Febrica, S. (2017). Maritime security and Indonesia: Cooperation, interests and strategies. Routledge.

Foulon, M. (2015). Neoclassical realism: challengers and bridging identities. International Studies Review, 17(4), 635-661.

KKP. (2016). Malaysia Ingin Impor Ikan Lebih Banyak Dari Indonesia. Retrieved from http://news.kkp.go.id/index.php/malaysia-ingin-impor-ikan-lebih-banyak-dari-indonesia/ in 13th Sep 2018.

Miles, Huberman & Saldana. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis. A Method Sourcebook. SAGE Publications: LA. London.

Octavian & Yulianto. (2014). Budaya, identitas, & masalah keamanan maritime. Jakarta: Unhan.

Politik Indonesia. (2017). Era SBY, 250 kapal asing ditenggelamkan pakai Molotov. Retrieved from http://politikindonesia.com/index.php?k=politisiana&i=63527-Era%20SBY,%20250%20Kapal%20Asing%20Ditenggelamkan%20Pakai%20Molotov in 15th Sep 2018.

Pratomo, E. (2016). Indonesia–Malaysia maritime boundaries delimitation: a retrospective. Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs, 8(1), 73-84.

PSDKP. (2018). Personal data from Kasubdit Penanganan Barang Bukti dan Awak Kapal, 12th September 2018.

Raharjo, A., Sudrajat, T., Bintoro, R. W., & Saefudin, Y. (2018). The sinking ship policy to the perpetrator of illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing in criminal law perspective. In E3S Web of Conferences (Vol. 47, p. 06002). EDP Sciences.

Rose, G. (1998). Neoclassical realism and theories of foreign policy. World

Satria, A., & Matsuda, Y. (2004). Decentralization of fisheries management in Indonesia. Marine Policy, 28(5), 437-450.

Snape, D., & Spencer, L. (2003). The foundations of qualitative research. Qualitative research practice; a guide for social science students and researchers. (J. Ritchie, & J. Lewis, Penyunt.) London: SAGE Publication.

Sutriyanto, E. (2018). 488 Kapal Pencuri Ikan sudah Ditenggelamkan, Mayoritas Berbendera Vietnam. Retrieved from www.tribunnews.com/regional/2018/08/20/488-kapal-pencuri-ikan-sudah-ditenggelamkan-mayoritas-berbendera-vietnam in September 2018.

The Weather Channel. (2012). How Weather Affect Fish Activity. Retrieved from https://weather.com/sports-recreation/fishing/news/weather-affects-fish-activity-20120328 in 10th Sep 2018.

Widodo, J., & Kalla, J. (2014). Visi misi dan program aksi. Indonesia.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/ipsr.v4i2.18767

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Politik Indonesia: Indonesian Political Science Review

License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/