Distributive Politics and Manipulative Policy in Local Election

Dedy Hermawan, Robi Cahyadi Kurniawan

Abstract


Distributive politics is part of the concept of patronage or clientelism, term of clientelism commonly referred to in some scientific literature. Research on distributive politics in the context of local politics, especially in the election of regional heads is still rare. Previous studies are still conducted within the national scope, such as presidential and legislative elections. This research tries to answer the question of how the process of distributive politics and manipulative policies runs in the local context of Bandar Lampung Local Election in 2015.The study was conducted in Bandar Lampung City in September 2016 until January 2017. This research used qualitative method through in-depth interview approach to informants related to the research. The informant consisted of several political actors, Herman HN's successful team and academics. The result of this research indicates that politics of distributive among voters occurs in the selection of Bandar Lampung Mayor. There is a symbiotic mutualism between candidate and the voters in Bandar Lampung Local Election. Voters can be influenced by the choice of imaging of candidate, through the concept of distributive politics or pork barrels politics or provide necessary needs for the voting community with infrastructure policy; roads and bridges, free education, free health and religious social assistance. Other results indicate that the manipulative policies carried out by candidate make voters lulled to absurd performance that ends in the Bandar Lampung City budget crisis after the policy is rolled out.

Keywords


Distributive Politics; Manipulative Policy; Bandar Lampung Local Election

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anderson, Benedict R.OG. (2000). Kuasa Kata, Jelajah Budaya-Budaya Politik di Indonesia. Terjemahan Revianto Budi Santosa. Yogyakarta: Mata Bangsa.

Agustino, Leo. (2014). Politik Lokal dan Otonomi Daerah. Bandung: Alfabeta

Aspinall, Edward & Sukmajati, Mada. (2015). Politik Uang di Indonesia, Patronase dan Klientelisme pada Pemilu Legislatif 2014. Yogyakarta: PolGov UGM.

Borsuk, Richard & Ching, Nancy. (2016). Liem Sioe Liong dan Salim Grup, Pilar Bisnis Soeharto. Jakarta: Kompas Gramedia.

Creswell, John W. (2010). Research Design, Pendekatan Kualitatif, Kuantitatif dan Mixed. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Eisenstadt, S.N. and Roniger, L. (1984) Patrons, clients and friends: Interpersonal relations and the structure of trust in society, Cambridge University Press

Gaffar, Affan. (2004). Politik Indonesia, Transisi menuju Demokrasi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Geddes, Barbara. (1994). Politician’s Dilemma, Building State Capacity in Latin America. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California, Universiy of California Press.

Geertz, Clifford. (1960). The Religion of Java. New York: The Free Press.

Hollyzon, Rahmat & Sundari, Sri. (2015). Pilkada, Penuh Euforia, Miskin Makna. Jakarta: Bestari

Kitschelt, H. and Wilkinson, S.I. (2007). Patrons, Clients, and Policies: Patterns of Democratic Accountability and Political Competition, Cambridge University Press.

Leeg, Keith R. (1983). Tuan Hamba dan Politisi. Jakarta: Sinar Harapan.

Mietzner, Marcus. (2011). Funding Pilkada: Illegal Campaign Financing in Indonesia’s Local election. Dalam The State and Illegality in Indonesia. Diedit oleh Edward Aspinall dan Gerry van Klinken.Leiden: KITLV Press.

Mietzner, Marcus. (2013). Money, Power, and Ideology. Political Parties in Post Authoritarian Indonesia. Singapura: National University of Singapore Press.

Mikkelsen, Britha. (2001). Metode Penelitian Partisipatoris dan Upaya Pemberdayaan. Terjemahan Matheos Nalle. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor.

Miles, Mattew B; A.M, Huberman. (1992). Analisis Data Kualitatif. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia Press.

Mujani, Syaiful; R. William Liddle dan K. Ambardi. (2012). Kuasa Rakyat: Analisis Tentang Perilaku Memilih dalam Pemilihan Legislatif dan Presiden Indonesia Pasca Orde Baru. Jakarta: Mizan.

Neuman, Lawrence. (2006). Social Research Methods. USA: University of Winconsin at Whitewater.

Nordholt, Henk Schulte & van Klinken, Gerry. (2009). Politik Lokal di Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor.

Patton, Michael Quinn. (2006). Metode Evaluasi Kualitatif. Terjemahan Budi Puspo Priyadi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Philipus, Ng & Aini, Nurul. (2011). Sosiologi dan Politik. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Piattoni, Simona. (2001). Clientelism, Interests, and Democratic Representation: The European Experience in Historical and Comparative Perspective, Cambridge University Press.

Putnam, R. (1993). Making Democracy Work. Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Rush, Michael; Althoff, Phillip. (2013). Pengantar Sosiologi Politik. Terjemahan Kartini Kartono. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Scott, J. (1976). The moral economy of the peasant. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Scott, James C. (1972). Comparative Political Corruption, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall.

Tjenreng, MB. Zubakhrum. (2016). Pilkada Serentak, Penguatan Demokrasi di Indonesia. Jakarta: Pustaka Kemang.

Tomsa, Dirk. (2008). Party Politics and Democratization in Indonesia: Golkar in the Post – Soeharto Era. Routledge, London & New York.

Torsello, Davide. (2003). Trust, property and social change in a Southern Slovakian village. Munster: LIT.

Torsello, Davide. (2012). The New Environmentalism? Civil Society and Corruption in the Enlarged EU. Farham, UK: Ashgate.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/ipsr.v4i2.19122

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Politik Indonesia: Indonesian Political Science Review

License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/