Government Strategy in Political Education as Public Participation Improvement to Reach Democracy System in Semarang City

Suparno Suparno, Karmanis Karmanis, Alexius Sunaryo


Republic of Indonesia is a democratic country which means all matters in the country must be based on the wishes of the people. Successful democracy in a country can be judged by the implementation of direct, general, free, and secret elections. The people have the right to determine their government so that people have valuable values in a democratic country. In this study, researchers formulated the government strategy in political education as an effort to increase public participation in realizing a democratic system in Semarang City. This research used a descriptive qualitative method. This research was conducted in Semarang City, Central Java. The implementation of a political education by the Semarang City government has not been maximized. Based on the results of the research, the provision of information for the implementation of public political participation, especially the young age grouphas not been running optimally. Second, the Media (political parties) as an aggregation of the public interests, must be more active in building communication systems, one of which is by gathering public aspirations in public consultation forums. Third, the implementation of political activities are in various methods, such as social activities, seminars, studies, socialization and training, and coaching, those implementations are determined according to the right conditions, scheduled and routine, but do not rule out the possibility of activities adapted to existing conditions. 


Political Education; Participation; Democracy

Full Text:



Al-Muchtar, S. (2000). Pengantar Studi Sistem Politik Indonesia. Bandung: Gelar Pustaka Mandiri. Google Scholar

Almond, G. A., Powell, G. B., & Mundt, R. J. (1996). Comparative politics: A theoretical framework. HarperCollins Publishers. Google Scholar

Aspinall, E., & Mas' udi, W. (2017). The 2017 Pilkada (local elections) in Indonesia: Clientelism, programmatic politics and social networks. Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs, 39(3), 417-426. Google Scholar

Assegaf. A. R. (2012). Revitalisasi Pendidikan Islam. Pustaka Pelajar: Yogyakarta. Google Scholar

Berenschot, W., & Van Klinken, G. (2018). Informality and citizenship: the everyday state in Indonesia. Citizenship studies, 22(2), 95-111. Crossref | Google Scholar

Berinsky, A. J., & Lenz, G. S. (2011). Education and political participation: Exploring the causal link. Political Behavior, 33(3), 357-373. Crossref | Google Scholar

Biesta, G. (2007). Education and the democratic person: Towards a political understanding of democratic education. Teachers college record, 109(3), 740-769. Google Scholar

Bräuchler, B. (2017). Changing patterns of mobility, citizenship and conflict in Indonesia. Social Identities, 23(4), 446-461. Crossref | Google Scholar

Brownhill, R. J., & Smart, P. (1989). Political education. Routledge. Google Scholar

Budiarjo, M. (2008). Dasar-dasar Ilmu Politik, Edisi Revisi. PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta. Google Scholar

Callan, E. (1997). Creating citizens: Political education and liberal democracy. Clarendon Press. Google Scholar

Chattoraj, D. (2019). Indonesia: twenty years of Democracy. Studies of Transition States and Societies, 11(1), 81-83. Crossref

Cross, C. T. (2004). Political education: National policy comes of age. Teachers College Press. Google Scholar

Denhardt, J. V., & Denhardt, R. B. (2003). The New Public Service. Serving, Not Steering, ME Sharpe. Inc, New York. Google Scholar

Frazer, E. (1999). Introduction: the idea of political education. Oxford Review of Education, 25(1-2), 5-22. Crossref

Galston, W. A. (2001). Political knowledge, political engagement, and civic education. Annual review of political science, 4(1), 217-234. Crossref | Google Scholar

Hadiz, V. R., & Robison, R. (2017). Competing populisms in post-authoritarian Indonesia. International Political Science Review, 38(4), 488-502. Crossref | Google Scholar

Huntington, S. P., & Nelson, J. M. (1976). No easy choice: Political participation in developing countries. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Google Scholar

Litt, E. (1963). Civic education, community norms, and political indoctrination. American Sociological Review, 69-75. Crossref| Google Scholar

MacAndrews, C., & Mas' oed, M. (1978). Perbandingan sistem politik. Gadjah Mada University Press. Google Scholar

Pang, N., Goh, D., & Rohman, A. (2016). The impacts of mobile social media on collective action: Two case studies from Singapore and Indonesia. In Mobile media, political participation, and civic activism in Asia (pp. 143-156). Springer, Dordrecht. Google Scholar

Parinduri, R. A. (2019). Does education increase political participation? Evidence from Indonesia. Education Economics, 27(6), 645-657. Crossref | Google Scholar

Rodan, G., & Baker, J. (2020). Explaining Political Regimes in Southeast Asia: A Modes of Participation Framework. In The Political Economy of Southeast Asia (pp. 87-109). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. Crossref | Google Scholar

Rusadi, K. (2004). Sistem Politik Indonesia Suatu Model Pengantar. Bandung: Sinar Algensindo. Google Scholar

Saleh and Muluk, M. R. (2005). New Public Sevice dan Pemerintahan Lokal Partisipatif. Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Publik, 6(1). Google Scholar

Saputra, W. F., Lita Tyesta, A. L. W., & Asy’ari, H. (2016). Pelaksanaan Tugas dan Wewenang Komisi Pemilihan Umum Kota Semarang dalam Penyelenggaraan Pemilihan Walikota dan Wakil Walikota Semarang Tahun 2015. Diponegoro Law Journal, 5(2), 1-10. Google Scholar

Soeharto, A. (2011). Urgensi Pendidikan Politik Bagi Perempuan. Journal of Muwazah, 3(1). Google Scholar

Surbakti, R. (1999). Memahami Ilmu Politik, PT. Grasindo, Jakarta. Google Scholar

Syahputra, I., & Ritonga, R. (2019). Citizen journalism and public participation in the era of new media in Indonesia: From street to tweet. Media and Communication, 7(3), 79. Google Scholar

Winarno, B. (2007). Kebijakan publik: Teori dan proses. Yogyakarta: Media Pressindo. Google Scholar

Zamroni, P. U. D. (2001). Tantangan Menuju Civil Society. Yogyakarta: BIGRAF Publishing. Google Scholar



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Politik Indonesia: Indonesian Political Science Review

License URL: