Black Market of Democracy: The Anomaly of Buying Political Party Recommendation Letters of Regional Leader Candidates in Indonesia

Rofiq Rofiq(1),

(1) Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia


This article is arranged based on qualitative research results with a case study approach in one of the major political parties in Indonesia. This research found that recruiting regional leader candidates by political parties is not open and undemocratic. There are fraudulent actions and anomalies in the recruitment of regional leader candidates. The practice of buying and selling recommendation letters from the central party is real and occurs. Even though it is carried out secretly by some party elites, the perpetrators seem to be in a black market, as their existence is carried out tactically and cautiously. The selection of regional leader candidates conducted by political parties is followed by all groups, both from outside the party and cadres of the party itself. In reality, those with adequate political resources, especially from a financial perspective, will get party approval.


Democracy; Black market; Recommendation letters; Indonesian politics political parties; Regional leaders

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