Politik dan Strategi Budaya Etnik dalam Pilkada Serentak di Kalimantan Barat

Kristianus Kristianus


The local politics in West Kalimantan thick politically charged ethnic identity. Local political politically involved two ethnic identity which is a native of West Kalimantan, namely ethnic Dayak and Malay. The state of the two ethnic rivalry is becoming more open in the era of district autonomy that is triggered by direct local elections. This competition occurs because history records that the ruling ethnic elite running ethnic hegemony over other ethnic groups. Regional head election (PILKADA) is currently running. Of the seven districts in West Kalimantan which organizes PILKADA very apparent that they are oriented to capture the voice ethnicity. Ethnic identity became a political commodity since this issue most easily sold to seize the people's voice. This paper use the incorporation of the views that are instrumentalism and internal colonialism perspective . The author has the view, that perspective instrumentalism able to see how an elite play social identity and cultural group to gain power and view of internal colonialism that saw socio-economic disparities and discrimination as the root of the strengthening of solidarity groups. This view is helpful to explain the fanaticism ethnic factor as a cultural strategy that occurred in the present and why identity politics in West Kalimantan is an inherent part of the local politics of this period.


Politic Local; Ethnisity; Cultural Group; Fanaticism

Full Text:



Adrian, F. (2014). Identitas Etnis dalam Pemilihan Kepala Daerah Studi Pemilihan Gubernur DKI Jakarta tahun 2012. Skripsi, Prodi Ilmu Politik FISIP, Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta.

Ashar, A. (2014). Etnisitas dalam Pilkada Kolaka Utara tahun 2012, Skripsi, Prodi Ilmu Politik, Universitas Hasanudin, Makasar.

Amitai, E. (1961). A comparative analysis of complex organizations.

Barth, F. (1998). Ethnic groups and boundaries: The social organization of culture difference. Waveland Press.

Brass, P. R. (2000). Elite groups, symbol manipulation and ethnic identity among the Muslims of South Asia. Nationalism: Critical Concepts in Political Science, 3, 879-911.

Breuilly, J. (1993). Nationalism and the State. Manchester University Press.

Cohen, A. (1974). Introduction: The Lesson of Ethnicity i Abner Cohen (red.) Urban Ethnicity.

Firmansyah, D. (2010). Peran Politik Etnis dalam Pilkada, Studi atas PILGUB Provinsi Bengkulu tahun 2005, Skripsi, Universitas Islam Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta.

Gregory, A., & Ellinwood, C. W. (1985). Pengendalian Etnis dan Rekrutmen Calon Prajurit Militer di Asia Selatan dan Asia Tenggara. Hubungan-Hubungan Sipil-Militer Perspektif Regional. Bina Aksara, Jakarta.

Hechter, M. (1999). Internal Colonialism: The Celtic Fringe in Bristish National Development. Transaction Publishers.

Jayadi, I. (2003). Konflik etnik di Kalimantan Barat. Universitas Indonesia.

Katzenstein, P. J. (1996). The culture of national security: Norms and identity in world politics. Columbia University Press.

KPUD-Kalimantan Barat. (2015). Pengumuman Penetapan Calon Bupati-Wakil Bupati 2015.

Kristianus (2011). Hubungan etnik di Kalimantan Barat. Disertasi. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia..

Nawawi, M., & Anriani, H. B. Dinamika Etnisitas dan Konflik Politik pada Pemilukada.

Shamsul, A. B. (2000). pembentukan identity sebagai Fenomena Sosial Satu Komentar Konseptual dan Emperikal. In Makalah seminar Mencermati Fenomena Dayak Islam di Kalimantan Barat, anjuran STAIN, Pontianak, Indonesia (Vol. 12).

Von Beyme, K. (1996). Biopolitical ideologies and their impact on the new social movements. Public Policy And Social Welfare, 19, 113-132.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/jpi.v1i1.9182


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Politik Indonesia: Indonesian Political Science Review

License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/