Developing Characters Based on Local Wisdom of Bali in Teaching Physics in Senior High School

I. W. Suastra, B. Jatmiko, N. P. Ristiati, L. P. B. Yasmini

Abstract

Human resources with good characters are badly needed in a national development. Hence, developing characters, especially the development of characters based on local wisdom is highly needed. This study was part of a study of local culture-based Physics model of teaching at senior high school, i.e., the need analysis and conceptual model prototype stage. The subjects were 20 physics teachers who had at least 10 years of teaching physics experience at public and private senior high schools in Singaraja, Bali. The study used questionnaire, observation guide, and interview as the instruments for collecting the data. The data were analyzed by a descriptivequalitative analysis. The result showed that (1) Nine Balinese local wisdom-based characters could be developed in physics teaching; (2) The method that is appropriate for the local wisdom-based development of characters is inquiry from various perspectives, discussion, and demonstration; (3) The core procedure of teaching that can develop the students character are exploration, focusing attention, inquiry from various perspectives (scientific, sociocultural, historical), elaboration, and confirmation.

Keywords

physics teaching; local wisdom-based character; senior high school

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abu, L., Mockhtar,M, Hassan, Z, Suhan, S.Z.D. (2015). How to Develop Character Education of Madrassa Students in Indonesia. Journal of Education and Learning. 9(1),79-86.

Aikenhead, G. S. (2000). Renegotiating the Culture of School Science. Improving Science Education: The Contribution of Research, 245-264.

Abu, L., Mockhtar,M, Hassan, Z, Suhan, S.Z.D. (2015). How to Develop Character Education of Madrassa Students in Indonesia. Journal of Education and Learning. 9(1), 79-86.

Aisah, A. R. (2014). The Implementation of Character Education Through Contextual Teaching and Learning at Personality Development Unit in The Sriwijaya University Palembang. International Journal of Education and Reserach, 2(10), 203-214.

Alpusari, M & Putra, R. A. (2015). The Aplication of Cooperative Learning Think Pair Share (TPS) Model to Increase Process Science Skill in Class IV Elementary School Number 81 Pekanbaru City. International Jornal of Science and Research (IJSR), 4(4), 2805-2808.

Baker, D & Taylor, P.C.S (1995). The Effect of Culture on the Learning of Science in non-WesternCountries: The Results of a Integrated Research Review. International Journal Science Education, 17, 695-704.

Borg, W.R & Gall,M.D (1989). Educational Research. New York: Longman.

Dianti,P (2014). Integrasi Pendidikan Karakter dalam Pembelajaran Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan untuk Mengembangkan Karakter Siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu Sosial (JPIS), 23(1), 57-64.

Dwianto, A, I.Wilujeng, K.Prasetyo, I.G.P.Suryadarma. (2017). Development of Science Domain Based Learning Media Tool which is Integrated with Local Wisdom to Improve Science Process Skill and Scientific Attitude. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia (JPII) 6(1), 23-31.

Elmubarok, Z. (2008). Membumikan Pendidikan Nilai. Bandung: Penerbit Alpabeta.

Enger, S. R., & Yager, R. E. (2000). Assesing Student Understanding in Science: A Standard-Based K-12 handbook. California: Corwin Press, Inc.

Geertz, C. (1992) Kebudayaan dan Agama. Yogyakarta: Kanisius Press.

Gardner, H. (2007).Five Minds for The Future (Alih Bahasa Tome Beka). Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Hairida, H. (2016). The Effectiveness Using Inquiry Based Natural Science Module With Authentic Assessment to Improve The Critical Thinking and Inquiry Skills of Junior High School Students. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia (JPII), 5(2), 209-215.

Harlen, W. (1992). The Teaching of Science. London: David Fulton Publishers.

Irzik, G. (2001). Universalism, Multiculturalism, and Science Education. Science Education, 85(1), 71-73.

Ismail, K. H., Anwar, K., Energi, S., Selamat, J. H., & Energi, A. (2013). Personality Profile of Students Council: A Comparative Study Between Genders. Asian Social Science, 9(4), 77-88.

Khusniati, M. 2012. Pendidikan Karakter Melalui Pendidikan IPA. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia (JPII) 1(2), 204-210.

Khusniati, M. 2014. Model Pembelajaran Sains Berbasis Kearifan Lokal dalam Menumbuhkan Karakter Konservasi. Indonesian Journal of Conservation. 3(1), 67-74.

Lickona (1999). Character Education: Seven Crusial Issue. Action in Teacher Education. 20(4), 77-84.

Loke, A. J. Y., & Chow, F. L. (2007). Learning PartnershipThe Experience of Peer Tutoring among Nursing Students: A Qualitative Study. Energi Journal of Nursing Studies, 44(2), 237-244.

Lopes,J.Oliveira,C.Reed,L & Gable,R.A.(2013). Character Education in Portugal. Chilhood Education. 89(5), 286-289.

Neuby,B. (2010). Inquiry Teaching in the College Classroom. The Journal of Effective Teaching. 10(1), 4-21.

Neka, I, K. A. A. I. N. Marhaeni, I.W.Suastra. (2015). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Inkuiri Terbimbing Berbasis Lingkungan Terhadap Keterampilan Berpikir Kreatif dan Penguasaan Konsep IPA Kelas V SD Gugus VIII Kecamatan Abang. e_Journal Program Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha. 5, 1-11.

Priyantini, N. P. T. , Sadia, I. W, Suastra, I. W. (2015). Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Fisika SMA Bermuatan Karakter dengan setting Model Sains Teknologi Masyarakat dan Lingkungan untuk Meningkatkan Karakter dan Keterampilan Berpikir Kreatif Siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA, 5(1), 1-10.

Puniatmadja, I. B. O. (1994). ilakrama. Denpasar: Upada Sastra.

Ridwan, N. A (2007). Landasan Keilmuan Kearifan Lokal, IBDA, 5(1), 27-38.

Samani, M & Hariyanto. (2012). Konsep dan Model Pendidikan Karakter. Bandung: Pt. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Suastra, I. W. (2005). Merekonstruksi Sains Asli (Indigenous Science) dalam Rangka Mengembangkan Pendidikan Sains Berbasis Budaya Lokal di Sekolah. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pengajaran IKIP Negeri Singaraja, 3(1), 377-396.

Suastra, I. W. (2010). Model Pembelajaran Sains Berbasis Budaya Lokal Untuk Mengembangkan Potensi Dasar Sains dan Nilai Kearifan Lokal di SMP. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pengajaran, 43(1), 76-80.

Suastra, I. W., Tika, K., & Kariasa, N. (2011). Efektivitas Model Pembelajaran Sains Berbasis Budaya Lokal untuk Mengembangkan Kompetensi Dasar Sains dan Nilai Kearifan Lokal di SMP. JPPP Lemlit, 5(3), 23-30.

Suastra, I. W. (2017). Balinese Local Wisdoms and their Implications in Science Education at School. International Research Journal of Management, IT & Social Sciences (IRJMIS), 4(2), 42-45.

Suja, I. W. (2000). Titik Temu IPTEK dan Agama Hindu. Surabaya: Pustaka Manik Geni.

Sumaji. (1998). Pendidikan Sains yang Humanis. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius.

Trawbridge, L & Rodger W Bybee. (1990). Becoming a Secondary School Science Teacher. London: Merril Publishing Company.

Van Joolingen, W. R., de Jong, T., Lazonder, A. W., Savelsbergh, E. R., & Manlove, S. (2005). Co-Lab: Research and Development of An Online Learning Environment for Collaborative Scientific Discovery Learning. Computers in Human Behavior, 21(4), 671-688.

Van Manen, M. (2016). Researching Lived Experience: Human Science for An Action Sensitive Pedagogy: Routledge.

Wenning, C. J. (2005). Level of Inquiry: Hirarchies of Pedagogical Practice and Inquiry Processes. Journal of Physic Teacher Education Online, 2(3), 3-11.

Zamroni. (2000). Paradigma Pendidikan Masa Depan. Yogyakarta: Bigraf Publishing.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.