Project- Based Learning and Problem-Based Learning: Are They Effective to Improve Students Thinking Skills?

R. D. Anazifa, D. Djukri


The study aims at finding (1) the effect of project-based learning and problem-based learning on students creativity and critical thinking and (2) the difference effect of project-based learning and problem-based learning on students creativity and critical thinking. This study is quasi experiment using non-equivalent control-group design. Research population of this study was all classes in eleventh grade of mathematics and natural science program of SMA N 1 Temanggung. The participants were 102 students. This study used three classes as research sample which implemented three different kinds of learning models in respiratory system. XI MIPA 3 was as an experimental group implementing project- based learning and XI MIPA 5 was as an experimental group implementing problem- based learning, while XI MIPA 1 was as control group. Data was collected using two instruments to measure students creativity and students critical thinking. Data was analysed using t- test, multivariate analysis, and univariate analysis. The results reveal that (1) project-based learning and problem-based learning affect students creativity and critical thinking; (2) there is a difference effect of project-based learning and problem- based learning on students creativity; and (3) there is no difference effect of project-based learning and problem-based learning on students critical thinking.


project- based learning; problem-based learning; creativity; critical thinking; respiratory system

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