Students’ Caring Attitudes to Wetland Environment: A Case of Environmental Education In Banjar District Indonesia

A. Sholahuddin, R. Fitriyana, M. F. Sya'ban, I. K. Sadiqin


Schools in Indonesia have been conducted environmental education programs through both curriculum activities and schools’ environmental programs. However, there was no sufficient data about the effectiveness of the programs. This study aims to identify the junior high school students’ caring attitudes to the wetland environment (CATWE) as the education outcome. The Six Junior High Schools were chosen as probability sampling areas classified as urban, central, and rural areas schools of Banjar District with total samples of 354 students aged 12-14 years. The CATWE data were collected using a valid and reliable questionnaire. This study found that most of the students care for the wetland environment. There were no differences in the CATWE of the three school areas. These findings indicate that the school area and the level of the “Adiwiyata†program were not the primary determining variable of environmental caring attitude education effectiveness. The highest score of the CATWE indicator was responsible; meanwhile, the lowest was hard work. Even though all the indicators have reached a care category. It is necessary to thoroughly investigate the effectiveness of the school environmental program “Adiwiyata,†outside classroom activity, and family role in environmental education.


environmental educatio; caring attitude; wetlands; school area; sustainability

Full Text:



Aarnio-Linnanvuori, E. (2019). How do teachers perceive environmental responsibility?. Environmental Education Research, 25(1), 46-61.

Adawiah, R. (2018). Instilling the environmental care characters to the elementary schools located on the river’s bank. Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management, l6(1), 84 – 92.

Adeleke, B. O. (2019). Drivers of wetland conversion in the tropical environment. Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management, 8(2), 84–92.

Aliman, M., Budijanto., Sumarmi., & Astina, I. K. (2019). Improving environmental awareness of high school students’ in Malang City through earth-comm learning in the geography class. International Journal of Instruction, 12(4), 79-94.

Alkaher, I. & Gan, D. (2020). The role of school partnerships in promoting education for sustainability and social capital. The Journal of Environmental Education, 51(6), 416-433.

Alon, N. L., & Tal, T. (2017). Field trips to natural environments: How outdoor educators use the physical environment. International Journal of Science Education, Part B, 7(3), 237-252.

Amahmid, O., El Guamri, Y., Yazidi, M., Razoki, B., Kaid Rassou, K., Rakibi, Y., ... & El Ouardi, T. (2019). Water education in school curricula: Impact on children knowledge, attitudes and behaviors towards water use. International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, 28(3), 178-193.

Asri, A., Junaid, R., & Saputra, S. (2020). The development of learning model through video documentary to improve environmental knowledge of Coastal Residents of Palopo City, Indonesia. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 9(3), 396-407.

Barbaro, N., & Pickett, S. M., (2016). Mindfully green: examining the effect of connectedness to nature on the relationship between mindfulness and engagement in pro-environmental behavior. Personality and Individual Differences, 93, 137–142.

Bergman, B. G. (2015). Assessing impacts of locally designed environmental education projects on students’ environmental attitudes, awareness, and intention to act. Environmental Education Research, 22(4), 480-503.

Boca, G. D., & Saraçlı, S., (2019). Environmental education and student’s perception, for sustainability. Sustainability, 11, 1553-1570.

Borich, G. D. (2003). Observation skills for effective teaching. 4th Ed. Upper Saddle River: Merrill Prentice Hall.

Chisholm, R. A., Wijedasa, L. S., & Swinfield, T. (2016). The need for long-term remedies for Indonesia’s forest fires. Conservation Biology: The Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology, 30(1), 5–6.

Cohen, R. J & Swerdlik, M. E. (2013). Psychological testing and assessment: An introduction to test and measurement. 9th Ed. New York: McGraw Hill.

Costanza, R., De Groot, R., Sutton, P., Van der Ploeg, S., Anderson, S. J., Kubiszewski, I., ... & Turner, R. K. (2014). Changes in the global value of ecosystem services. Global environmental change, 26, 152-158.

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. 4th Ed. Boston: Pearson.

Cui, L., Li, G., Ouyang, N., Mu, F., Yan, F., Zhang, Y., & Huang, X. (2018). Analyzing coastal wetland degradation and its key restoration technologies in the coastal area of Jiangsu, China. Wetlands, 38(3), 525-537.

Dimante, D., Tambovceva, T., & Atstaja, D. (2016). Raising environmental awareness through education. International Journal of Continuing Engineering Education and Life-Long Learning, 26(3), 1-14.

Edsand, H., & Broich, T. (2020). The impact of environmental education on environmental and renewable energy technology awareness: Empirical evidence from Colombia. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 18(4), 611–634.

Fianko, J. R., & Dodd, H. S (2018). Sustainable management of wetlands: a case study of the Songor Ramsar and Unesco man and biosphere reserve in Ghana, Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management, 6(1), 45–53.

Fitriyana, R., & Sholahuddin (2019). Pengembangan instrument sikap peduli terhadap lingkungan lahan basah [Development of wetland environmental caring attitude instrument]. Laporan Penelitian. Banjarmasin: LPPM Universitas Lambung Mangkurat Banjarmasin.

Fuad, A. Z., Alfin, J., Fauzan, Astutik, S., & Prahani, B. K. (2019). Group science learning model to improve collaborative problem-solving skills and self-confidence of primary school teacher candidates. International Journal of Instruction, 12(3), 119-132.

García, A. M. R., Belmonte, J. L., Montoro, M.A. & Guerrero, A. J. M. (2019). Productive, structural, and dynamic study of the concept of sustainability in the educational field. Sustainability, 11, 5613-5624.

Gericke, N., Boeveâ€de Pauw, J., Berglund, T., & Olsson, D. (2019). The sustainability consciousness questionnaire: The theoretical development and empirical validation of an evaluation instrument for stakeholders working with sustainable development. Sustainable Development, 27(1), 35-49.

Halabisky, M., Moskal, L. M., Gillespie, A., & Hannam, M. (2016). Reconstructing semi-arid wetland surface water dynamics through spectral mixture analysis of a time series of Landsat satellite images (1984–2011). Remote Sensing of Environment, 177(6), 171-183.

Ikhsan, F. A., Kurnianto, F. A., Apriyanto, B., Nurdin, E. A., & Bachtiar, R. W. (2019). The effectivity of environmental education in scaffolding students’ ecological literacy. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 8(3), 398-406.

Isdaryanti, B., Rachman, M., Sukestiyarno, Y. L., Florentinus, T. S., & Widodo. (2018). Teachers’ performance in science learning management integrated with character education. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 7(1), 9-15.

Iswari, R. D., & Utomo, S. W. (2017). Evaluasi penerapan program adiwiyata untuk membentuk perilaku peduli lingkungan di kalangan siswa: Kasus di SMA Negeri 9 Tangerang Selatan dan MA Negeri 1 Serpong [Evaluation of Adiwiyata program to build the students’ environmental awareness: The case at SMAN 9 Tangerang Selatan and MAN 1 Serpong]. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan, 15(1), 35-41.

Jorgenson, S. N., Stephen, J. C., & White, B. (2019). Environmental education in transition: A critical review of recent research on climate change and energy education. The Journal of Environmental Education, 50(3), 160–171.

Lickona, T. (1991). Educating for character: How our school can teach respect and responsibility. New York: Bantam Books.

Marcos-Merino, J. M., Corbacho-Cuello, I., & Hernández-Barco, M. (2020). Analysis of sustainability knowingness, attitudes, and behavior of a Spanish pre-service Primary Teachers Sample. Sustainability, 12(18), 7445-7467.

Meilinda, H., Prayitno B. A., & Karyanto, P. (2017). Students’ environmental literacy profile of adiwiyata green school in Surakarta, Indonesia. Journal of Education and Learning, 11(3), 299-306.

Mratihatani, A. S., & Susilowati, I. (2013). Menuju pengelolaan sungai bersih di kawasan industri batik yang padat limbah cair [Toward the clean river management at batik industrial area with the high liquid waste]. Diponegoro Journal of Economic, 2(2),1-12.

Nkoana, E. M. (2020). Exploring the effects of an environmental education course on the awareness and perceptions of climate change risks among seventh and eighth-grade learners in South Africa. International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, 29(1), 7-22.

Ntanos, S., Kyriakopoulos, G. L., Arabatzis, G., Palios, V., & Chalikias, M. (2018). Environmental behavior of secondary education students: A case study at Central Greece. Sustainability, 10, 1663-1684.

Olgun, O. S. (2018). Permanent solution to water conservation: educating responsible citizens from all ages. Turkish Journal of Water Science and Management, 2(1), 100–119.

Otto, S., & Pensini, P. (2017). Nature-based environmental education of children: Environmental knowledge and connectedness to nature, together, are related to ecological behavior. Global Environmental Change, 47(2017), 88-94.

Pauw, J. B. D., & Petegem, P. V. (2013). The effect of eco-schools on children’s environmental values and behavior. Journal of Biological Education, 47(2), 96-103.

Rabgay, T. (2018). The effect of using cooperative learning methods on tenth-grade students’ learning achievement and attitude towards biology. International Journal of Instruction, 11(2), 265-280.

Rachmatullah, A., Lee, J. K., & Ha, M. (2020). Pre-service science teachers’ ecological value orientation: A comparative study between Indonesia and Korea. The Journal of Environmental Education, 51(1), 14-28.

Riastini, P. N., Wati, C. S., Prodjosantoso, A. K., & Suryadarman I. (2019). Is there any difference in waste consciousness between national eco-schools and others? International Journal of Instruction, 12(4), 513-528.

Riyandeni, R. A., & Kusumantoro, I. P. (2013). Potensi pengembangan angkutan sungai sebagai salah satu alternatif moda transportasi di Kota Banjarmasin [Potential development of river transportation as an alternative transportation mode in Banjarmasin]. Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, 3(2), 399-408.

Sidauruk, T., Suriani, M., & Restu. (2013). Profil perilaku lingkungan hidup siswa SMA Negeri di Kota Medan [The students’ environmental behaviour profile of SMAN Medan City]. JUPIIS, 5(1), 68-80.

Song, K., Wang, Z., Du, J., Liu, L., Zeng, L., & Ren, C. (2014). Wetland degradation: Its driving forces and environmental impacts in the Sanjiang Plain, China. Environmental Management, 54(2), 255-271.

Sulaeman, N. F., Nuryadin, A., Widyastuti, R., & Subagiyo, L. (2020). Air Quality Index and the Urgency of Environmental Education in Kalimantan. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 9(3), 371-383.

Susongko, P., & Afrizal, T. (2018). The determinant factors analysis of Indonesian students’ environmental awareness in PISA 2015. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 7(4), 407-419.

Sya’ban, M. F., Sholahuddin, A., An’nur, S., & Riefani, M. K. (2017). Potential wetland screening in Barito Kuala and Banjarmasin as a source of science learning. Advances in Social Science. Education and Humanities Research, 100, 295-297.

Syam’ani., Fithria, A., & Prihatiningtyas, E. (2018). Wetlands of Banjarbaru City in last four decades. Journal of Wetlands Environmental Management, 6(2), 131-138.

Tekakpınar, E., & Tezer, M. (2020). Effectiveness of a School-Based Outdoor Education Curriculum and Online Learning Environment among Prospective Teachers. Sustainability, 12(1), 207-228.

Tim Adiwiyata Tingkat Nasional (2011). Panduan Adiwiyata. Sekolah peduli dan berbudaya lingkungan [Adiwiyata Guide. The caring and environmental cultured school]. Jakarta: Kemendikbud & KLH.

Vesely, S., Klöckner, C. A., & Brick, C. (2020). Pro-environmental behavior as a signal of cooperativeness: Evidence from a social dilemma experiment. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 67, 101362.

Yustina, Y., Halim, L., & Mahadi, I. (2020). The Effect of ‘Fish Diversity’ Book in Kampar District on the Learning Motivation and Obstacles of Kampar High School Students through Online Learning during the COVID-19 Period. Journal of Innovation in Educational and Cultural Research, 1(1), 7-14.

Ziadat, A. H. (2010). Major factors contributing to environmental awareness among people in a third world country/Jordan. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 12(1), 135–145.


  • There are currently no refbacks.