I. Ismail, A. Permanasari, W. Setiawan


This research aimed to develop a STEM-based virtual lab as an alternative media in improving scientific literacy of junior high school students on the theme of water pollution. Development is done by using 4D methods: Define, Design, Develop, and Disseminate. After the implementation was done, its effectiveness in increasing scientific literacy was examined using one group pretest-posttest design. At the define stage problems from PISA 2012, KDs, and STEM characteristics were analyzed. Design of flowcharts, storyboards, and user interface were done on design phase. Phases of develop includes the creation of virtual labs and validation by media expert and a science teacher. Phases of disseminate this research is to implement limited to two classes of junior high school students. The results from media expert validation and science teachers validates that STEM-based virtual labs that have been developed shows very decent used in the feasibility study by percentage according to media expert at 86.24% and 82.71% according to science teacher. The results show that the implementation of the STEM-based virtual lab that has been developed can improve scientific literacy of students with a large increase (N-gain) in the class 7B of 0.46 which falls in to medium category and class 7D of 0.29 with medium category.


virtual lab; STEM; Scientific Literacy; media learning science; Development

Full Text:



Adolpus & Arokoyu, A. 2012. Improving Scientific Literacy among Secondary School Students Through Integration of Information and Communication Technology. ARPN Journal of Science and Technology, 2(5): 21-22.

August, S. E., Neyer, A., Murphy, D. B., Themes, R. Q., Hammer, M., Shoktgozar, D., & Vales, J. 2011. Engaging Student in STEM Education through a Virtual Learning Lab. Conference American Society Engineering Education (ASEE).

Babateen+, H. M. 2011. Teh Role of Virtual Laboratories in Science Education. IPCSIT, 12(1): 1-2.

Baser, M. & Durmus, S. 2010. The Effectiveness of Computer Supported Versus Real Laboratory Inquiry Learning Environments on The Understanding of Direct Current elecriticty Among Pre-Service Elementary School Teachers. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 6 (1), 47-61.

Becker, K. & Park, K. 2011. Effects of Integrative Approaches Among Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Subjects on Students Learning : A Preliminary Meta-Analysis. Journal od STEM Education, 12: 5-6.

Carnival, D. 2003. The Virtual Lab experiment Some College Use Computer do Expand Science Offerings Online. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 49(21): 30-32

Chien, K-P., Tsai, C-Y., Chen, H-L., Chang, W-H., & Chen, S. 2015. Learning Differences and Eye Fixation Patterns in Virtual and Physical Science Laboratories. Elsevier Computers & Education. 82, 191-201

Davison, M. D., Miller, K. W., & Metheny, D.L. 1995. What Does Integration of Science and Mathematics Really Mean?. Journal of School Science and Mathematics, 95 (5): 226-230

Dillon, S. 2007. Virtual Science Labs. New York: Times 10.

Dobrzanki, L. A. & Honysz, R. 2010. The Idea of Material Science Virtual Laboratory. Journal of Achievments in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, 42 (1-2):196-203

Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Hyum, H. H. 2011. How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education 8.ed. N.Y: Mc. Graw Hill.

Gundogdu, K., Silman, F., & Ozan, C. (2011). A Comparative Study on Perseption of Teacher on the Use of Computer in Elementary School of Turkey and T.R.N.C. International Online Journal of Educational Science, 3 (1): 113-137

Gunhaart, A. & Srisawardi, N. (2012). Effect of Integrated Computer-based Laboratory Environment on Student Physics Conceptual Learning of Sound Waves Properties. Procedia, 46: 5750-5755

Harms, U. 1998. Virtual Laboratory Unites, POHLs Torison Pendulum. Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Computer Aided Learning and Instruction in Science and Engineering, 479-482

Herga, N. R, Grmek, M. I., Dinevski, D. 2014. Virtual Laboratory As An Element OfVisualization WhenTeaching Chemical Contents In Science Class. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology,13 (4): 2-3.

Jian, Brown, D. J & Billet, E. 2005. Development of a Virtual Laboratory Experiment for Biology. European Jouran of Open, Distance and E-learning, 1(195): 1-8.

Jones, R, B. 2008. Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math. [Online]. Retrieved April 15, 2015.

Keller, H.E & Keller, B. E. 2005. Making Real Virtual Lab. The Science Education Review. 4(1): 2-11.

Kutluca, T. 2010. Investigation of Teachers Computer Usage Profiles and Attitudes Toward Computers. International Online Journal of Education Sciences, 2(1): 81-97.

OECD. 2014. PISA 2012 Assessment and Analytical Framework Mathematics, Reading, Science, Problem Solving, And Financial Literacy. OECD Publishing

Saleh, K.F., Mohamed A. M. & Madkour, H. 2009. Developing Virtual Laboratory Environment for Engine Education. International Journal of Arts and Sciences, 3 (1): 9-17.

Sanders, M. 2009. STEM, STEM education, STEMmania. The Technology Teacher, 68(4): 20-26.

Suanda, D. 2010. Pembelajaran IPA Terpadu dengan Multimedia pada Konsep PENCEMARAN AIR untuk Meningkatkan Literasi Sains Siswa SMP.(Tesis). Bandung: SekolahPascasarjanaUniversitas Pendidikan Indonesia.


Taskin, N. & Kandemir, B. 2010. The Affect of Computer Supported Simulation Applications on the Academic Achievment and Attainments of the Seventh Teaching of Science. Procedia, 9: 1379-1384

Thiagarajan., Semmel, S.B. & Semmel, M. T. 1974. Instructional Development for Training Teachers of Exceptional Children: A Sourcebook. Indiana: ERIC.

Zolman, A. 2012. Learning for STEM Literacy: STEM Literacy for Learning. School Science and Mathematics, 112(1): 12-19

Zumbach, J.,Schmitt, S., Reimann, P., & Starkloff, P. 2006. Learning Life Sciences: Design and Development of a Virtual Moleculary Biology Learning Lab. JCMST,25(3): 281-300.


  • There are currently no refbacks.