PROJECT BASED LEARNING INTEGRATED TO STEM TO ENHANCE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS SCIENTIFIC LITERACY

J. Afriana, A. Permanasari, A. Fitriani

Abstract

This study was done to depict Project Based Learning (PjBL) integrated with science science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), to enhance elementary school students science literation. Theme used in this study was air pollution. Research method was quasi experimental with The Matching-Only Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design. It was conducted in 56 seventh graders of SMP Islam Terpadu, Sukabumi in which 28 students were in experiment class, and 28 students were in control class. Data is collected by pretest and posttest of sciences literacy and students questionaire about PjBL STEM. Based on the data analysis, it was known that the N-Gain averages of sciences literacy were 0,31 in experiment class as middle category and 0,22 in control class as low category. T-test showed that scientific literacy enhancemen in experimental class was more significant than in control class. General students reponses showed that almost all students was excited to PjBL STEM learning, got impressive experiences during the learning and boost their learning motivation and interest.

Keywords

Project Based Learning; STEM; air pollution

Full Text:

PDF

References

Afriana, J., Ismail, & Rahman, A. A. 2015. Improving scientific literacy through project-based learning. Proceeding of International Seminar on Science Education 31 Oktober 2015, Yogyakarta.

Baran, M. & Maskan, A. 2010. The Effect of Project-based learning on pre-service physics teachers electrostatic achievements. Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences, 5: 243-257.

Capraro, R. M., Capraro, M. M., & Morgan, J. R. 2013. STEM project-based learning: An integrated science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) approach (second ed). Rotterdam: Sense

Cook, K., Buck, G., & Rogers, M. P. 2012. Preparing Biology Teachers to Teach Evolution in a Project-Based Approach. Winter, 21(2): 18-30.

Dewaters, J., & Powers, S.E. 2006. Improving science and energy literacy through project-based K-12 outreach efforts. Proceedings of the 113th Annual ASEE Conference & Exposition (Chicago IL June 2006, paper number 2006: 262-276)

Doppelt, Y. 2005. Assessment of project based learning in a mechatronics context. Journal of Technology Education, 16(2): 7-24

Dugger, W.E. 2010. Evolution of STEM in the United States. The 6th Biennial International Conference on Technology Education Research. Australia: ITEEA, 1-8

Dwivedi, S.N. 2014. Project based learning for STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) Education. Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Advanced and Agile Manufacturing,ICAM 2014.

Fraenkel, J.R., Wallen, N.E., & Hyun, H.N.(2011).How to design and evaluate research in education (eighth ed.). N.Y: Mc. Graw Hill.

Glencoe. 2005. The Air around you. US: McGraw-Hill Inc

Hake, R.R. 1998. Interactive-engagement vs traditional methods: A six-thousand-student survey of mechanics test data for introductory physics courses. American Journal of Physics, 66(1): 64-74.

Han, S., Capraro, R., & Capraro, M.M. 2014. How science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) project-based learning (PBL) affects high, middle, and low achievers differently: The Impact of student factors on achievement. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 13 (5): 1089-1113.

Kemdikbud. 2014. Materi pelatihan guru implementasi kurikulum 2013 tahun ajaran 2014/2015: Mata pelajaran IPA SMP/MTs. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan

K?l?n, A. 2010. Can Project-Based Learning Close the Gap? Turkish Student Teachers and Proenvironmental Behaviours. International Journal of Environmental & Science Education, 5: 495-509.

Laboy-Rush, D. 2010. Integrated STEM education through project-based learning. www.learning.com/stem/whitepaper/integrated-STEM-through Project-based-Learning.

Mayasari, T., Kadorahman, A., & Rusdiana, D. 2014. Pengaruh pembelajaran terintegrasi science, technology, engineering, and mathemathics (STEM) pada hasil belajar peserta didik: Studi meta analisis, Prosiding Semnas Pensa VI Peran Literasi Sains20 Desember 214, Surabaya.

Morgan, J. R., Moon, A. M., & Barroso, L. R. (2013). Engineering better projects. In STEM Project-Based Learning. Sense Publishers.

Movahedzadeh, F., Patwell, R., Rieker, J. E., & Gonzalez, T. 2012. Project-based learning to promote effective learning in biotechnology courses. Education Research International, 2012, 1-8.

National Research Council. 2011. A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Washington DC: The National Academies Press

Odja, A. H. & Payu C.S. 2014. Analisis kemampuan awal literasi sains siswa pada konsep IPA, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kimia 20 September 2014, Surabaya.

OECD. 2010. PISA 2009 results: What students know and can do student performance in reading, mathematics and science (Volume I). (Available at : http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264091450-en)

OECD. 2013. PISA 2012: Assessment and analytical framework: mathematics, reading, science, problem solving and financial literacy. OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264190511-en

OECD. 2014. PISA 2012 results in focus: What 15-year-olds know and what they can do with what they know. OECD Publishing

zer, D. Z. & zkan, M. 2012. The Effect of the project based learning on the science process skills of the prospective teachers of science. Journal of Turkish Science Education, 9 (3): 131-136.

Raven, P.H., Hassenzahl, D.M., & Berg, L.R. 2013. Environment: international student version (eight ed). Singapura: John Wiley & Son.

Reeve, E.M. 2015. STEM thinking!. Technology and Engineering Teacher(ITEEA), 74 (4): 8-16.

Stohlmann, M., Moore, T.J., & Roehrig, G.H. 2012. Considerations for teaching integrated STEM education. Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research (J-PEER), 2(1): 28-34.

Sugiyono. 2013. Metode penelitian pendidikan (pendekatan kuantitatif, kulaitatif, dan R & D). Bandung : Alfabeta.

Sukmadinata, N.S. 2010. Metode penelitian pendidikan. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya

Toharudin, U., Hendrawati, S., & Rustaman, A. 2011. Membangun literasi sains peserta didik (cetakan pertama). Bandung: Humaniora.

Tseng, K. H., Chang, C. C., Lou, S. J., & Chen, W. P. 2013. Attitudes towards science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in a project based learning (PjBL) environment. International Journal Technology and Design Education, 23: 87102.

Yalin, S.A., Turgut, U., & Bykkasap, E. 2009. The Effect of PjBL on science undergraduates learning of electricity, attitude towards physics and scientific process skills.International Online Journal of Educational Sciences (IOJES), 1 (1): 81-105.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.