Dust Exposures, IgE Levels, History of Allergy, and Symptoms of Allergy in Poultry Workers

Yuni Wijayanti, Adi Heru Sutomo, Indwiani Astuti, Widya Asmara


Poultry dust exposure may increase workers’ health risks, particularly in the form of respiratory allergic reactions. This study aimed to identify mold content of the dust and to analyze the association between dust exposure, IgE level, history of allergy, and symptoms of allergy. This study used cross sectional design with total samples of 33 workers. The data were analyzed using chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression. This study found 93.33% growth of Aspergillus sp., 69.7% work duration > 3 years, 84.8% high IgE levels, 18.2% history of allergy, and 69.7% symptoms of allergy. Dust exposure and history of allergy did not show significant correlation with symptoms of allergy while IgE levels had significant correlation with p-value of 0.036. Workers with high IgE-level were 15.986 times more likely to have symptoms of allergy (p-value 0.028). Aspergillus sp. as dust allergen potentially increased IgE levels and might become the base for facilitation of early and independent preventive and promotive efforts of workers’ health.


Aspergillus, IgE, pekerja peternakan ayam

Full Text:



Ahmad R Z., 2009. Cemaran Kapang pada Pakan dan Pengendaliannya. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian. 28 (1)

Ahn, S., Choi, H., & Kim, T. 2011. HLA and Disease Associations in Koreans. pISSN 1598-2629 eISSN 2092-6685. http://dx.doi.org/10.4110/in.2011.11.6.324

Alencar, M. do CB de, Ns I de A., & Gontijo L.A. 2004, Respiratory Risks in Broiler Production Workers. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science ISSN 1516-635X Jan - Mar 2004 / v.6 / n.1 / 23 29.

Bursac,Z., Gauss.C.H., Williams, D.K., Hosmer, D.W., 2008. Purposeful Selection of Variables in Logistic Regression. Source Code for Biology and Medicine3:17. DOI: 10.1186/1751-0473-3-17

Chattopadhyay, B.P., Das, S., Adhikari, A., & Alam, J. 2007. Exposure to Varying Concentration of Fungal Spores in Grain Storage Godowns and its Effect on the Respiratory Function Status among the Workers.

Cullinan, P., Cook, A., & Nieuwenhuijsen, J.M. 2001. Allergen and Dust Exposure as Determinants of Work-Related Symptoms and Sensitization in a Cohort of Flour-Exposed Workers; a Casecontrol Analysis. Ann. occup. Hyg., Vol. 45, No. 2, pp. 97103. British Occupational Hygiene Society.

Darya, I. W. dan Rai, I.B.N. 2008. Diagnosis dan Penatalaksanaan Pneumonitis Hipersensitivitas. Jurnal Penyakit Dalam vol. 9 No. 3 tahun 2008.

Health and Safety Executive. 2009. Statement of evidence: Respiratory hazards of poultry dust. Liverpool. Available from: www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/web40.pdf.

Kishiyama, J.L. 2004. Clinical Imunology dalam Current Occupational and Environmental Medicine 4th ed. New York. Mc Graw Hill.

Kirychuk, S. P., Dosman, J. A., Reynolds, S. J., Willson, P., Senthilselvan, A., Feddes, J. J., Classen, H., and Guenter, W., 2006. Total Dust and Endotoxin in Poultry Operations: Comparison Between Cage and Floor Housing and Respiratory Effects in Workers. JOEM. Volume 48, Number 7, July 2006

Kurniason. 2012. Penyakit yaang Disebabkan oleh Jamur Aspergillus . http://www.kurniayoung.com/2012/07/flie-download-di-sini-bab-i-pendahuluan.html

Kusuma, C., Kalim, K.H., Riawan, W., Muid, M., 2004. Hubungan antara derajat Obstruksi Serangan Akut Asma dengan Kadar IgE, IF-? dan IL-4 Total Serum. Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya. Vol. XX. No.2 Agustus.

Lanc, E dan Plewa, K. 2010. Microbiological Air Contamination in Poultry Houses. Polish J. Of Environ. Stud. Vol. 19 No. I/ (2010), 15-19.

Mukono, H.J., 2002. Epidemiologi Lingkungan Environmental Epidemiology. Surabaya. Universitas Airlangga Press.

Mukono, H.J. 2008. Pencemaran Udara dan Pengaruhnya terhadap Gangguan Saluran Pernapasan. Surabaya: Airlangga University Press.

Mursinto, D & Kusumawardani, D., 2016. Estimasi Dampak Ekonomi dari Pencemaran Udara terhadap Kesehatan di Indonesia. Jurnal Kemas. 11 (2) 163-172

Prester L, Macan J, Matkovi? K, Vucemilo M., 2010. Determination of Aspergillus fumigatus allergen 1 in poultry farms using the enzyme immuno-assay. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol;61(2):167-73.

Rimac, D., Macan, J., Varnai, V., Vucemilo, M., Matkovic, K., Prester, L., Orct, T., Troic I., and Pavi?cic I. 2010. Exposure to poultry dust and health effects in poultry workers: Impact of mould and mite allergens. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health 83: 9-19.

Tyasningsih, W. 2010. Potensi Pakan Sebagai Sumber Pencemaran Aspergillus spp. Penyebab Aspergillosis pada Unggas. Vol. 3, No. 1, Pebruari

Viegas, S., Fasca, V. M., Dias, H., Clrigo, A., Carolino, E., & Viegas, C. 2013. Occupational Exposure to Poultry Dust and Effects on the Respiratory System in Workers. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A: Current Issues, 76:4-5, 230-239.


  • There are currently no refbacks.