Organophosphate Pesticide Residue in Fruits and Vegetables

Joko Sudarsono, Setyo Sri Rahardjo, Kisrini Kisrini

Abstract

The use of the pesticide which does not follow the procedure may potentially cause residue of pesticide to be left on vegetables and fruits sold in supermarkets and traditional markets. We aimed to find the pattern of pesticide usage and levels of residue found in plants. This study was an analytical observation with a cross-sectional design using detailed sampling procedure. We obtained the data of the pesticide residue concentration by conducting laboratory examinations on eight samples of cabbage and eight samples of tomatoes from traditional markets and supermarkets in the city of Solo. The data were tested using simple linear regression testing. The organophosphate measurement results showed no residues were detected, because it was below the Limit of Detection (LOD). We concluded that pesticides containing active substances were not used in the vegetables we tested or the active substances were no longer contained in the vegetables after harvesting.

Keywords

Insektisida organofosfat, residu, tomat, kubis

Full Text:

PDF

References

Alegantina, S., Raini, M. and Lastari, P. 2005. Penelitian Kandungan Organofosfat Dalam Tomat dan Slada Yang Beredar di Beberapa Jenis Pasar di DKI Jakarta. Media Litbang Kesehatan, XV, pp. 44–49.

Alen, Y., Zulhidayanti and Netty, S. 2015. Pemeriksaan Residu Pestisida Profenofos Pada Selada (Lactuca sativa L.) Dengan Metode Kromatografi Gas. Jurnal Sains Farmasi & Klinis, 1(2), pp. 140–149.

Bakirci, D. et al. 2014. Pesticide Residues in Fruits and Vegetables from the Aegean region, Turkey. Food Chemistry, 160, pp. 397–92.

BPS. 2012. Statistik Indonesia. Available at: http://www.bps.go.id/hasil_publikasi 2012/index3.phppub=Statistik%0AIndonesia %0A (Accessed: 4 January 2016).

Chandra, S., Mahidrakhar, A. . and Shinde, L. 2014. Analysis of Pesticides Residue in Vegetables Local Market Nanded, India. Int. J. ChemTech Res, 6(5), p. 2760.

Damalas, C. 2009. Understanding Benefits and Risks of Pesticide Use. Scientific Research and Essay, 4(10), pp. 945–949.

Darmansjah, I. and Wiria, M. S. 2007. Dasar Toksikologi dalam Farmakologi Dan Terapi. 5th edn. Jakarta: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia.

Dasika, R., Tangirala, S. and Naishadham. 2012. Pestisides Residue Analysis of Fruits and Vegetables. J. Environ. Chem. Ecotoxicol, 4(2), pp. 19–28.

Djojosumarto, P. 2008. Pestisida dan Aplikasinya. Jakarta: PT Agromedia Pustaka.

Hamzah, R. A. 2009. Tracer Pathway dari Insektisida Malathion dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Organ Hati dan Otak Tikus. Makara Kesehatan, 13(2), pp. 69–73.

Hartini, E. 2014. Kontaminasi Residu Pestisida dalam Buah Melon (Studi Kasus pada Petani di Kecamatan Penawangan). Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 10(1), pp. 96–102.

Kanasawa, J., Sutrisno and Otorita, S. 1983. Residu of Diazinon in Rice Plant and Paddy Soil. Penelitian Pertanian, 3(2), pp. 83–84.

Prijanto, B. T., Nurjazuli and Sulistiyani. 2009. Analisis Faktor Risiko Keracunan Pestisida Organofosfat Pada Keluarga Petani Hortikultura Di Kecamatan Ngablak Kabupaten Magelang. Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia, 8(2), pp. 73–78.

Putu, N. et al. 2016. Analisis Residu Pestisida Organofosfat pada Buah Stawberry (Fragaria ananassa rosalinda ) Menggunakan Kromatografi Gas. E-Journal of Applied Chemistry, 4(1), pp. 18–23.

Ray, A. et al. 2008. Detection of Carbaryl Residu by HPLC in Food of Plant and AnimalOrigin in Kumaon Region of Utarrakhan. Toxicol Int, 15, pp. 103–109.

Srivastava, A. K. et al. 2014. Determination of 17 Organophosphate Pesticide Residues in Mango by Modified QuEChERS Extraction Method Using GC-NPD/GC-MS and Hazard Index Estimation in Lucknow, India. PLoS One, 9(5), pp. 12–16. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0096493.

Untung, K. 2004. Dampak Pengendalian Hama Terpadu Terhadap Pendaftaran dan Penggunaan Pestisida di Indonesia. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia, 10, pp. 1–7.

Yuantari, M., Widianarko, B. and Sunoko, H. 2015. Analisis Resiko Pajanan Pestisida terhadap Kesehatan Petani. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 10(2), p. 239. doi: ISSN 1858-1196.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.