Occupational Irritan Contact Dermatitis Among Shipyard Workers in Samarinda, Indonesia

Iwan Muhamad Ramdan, Siti Hikmatul Ilmiah, Adit Rahmat F

Abstract

Occupational irritant contact dermatitis (OICD) is still a occupational health problem. Shipyard workers are susceptible to OICD. A cross sectional study was conducted on 32 samples of shipyard workers in Samarinda to analyze the prevalence of OICD and related factors. The dependent variable is OICD, while independent variable consists of age, length of service, length of contact, history of skin diseases, personal hygene and personal protective equipment. Data collection through interview and direct observation, data analysis using Phi test and multiple logistic regression. All respondents had OICD and significantly correlated with working period (p = 0.001), history of skin disease (p = 0.004), personal hygene (p = 0.003) and use of PPE (p = 0.05). History of skin disease (B = 1.116) and use of PPE (B = 1.053) are most dominant variables. Personal hygiene improvements, tightening monitoring of use of PPE and improving occupational health efforts have been suggested.

Keywords

occupational irritan contact dermatitis, working period, history of disease, personal hygene, personal protective equipment

Full Text:

PDF

References

Al-otaibi, S.T. 2016. Prevention of Occupational Contact Dermatitis. Journal of Ergonomics, 6(3):9–11.

Al-otaibi, S.T. & Alqahtani, H. A. M. 2015. Management of Contact Dermatitis. Journal of Dermatology & Dermatologic Surgery, 19(2):86–91.

Bathia, R., and Sharma, VK. 2017. Occupational dermatoses: An Asian perspective. Indian J Dermatol Venerol Leprol, 83(5): 525-535.

Behroozy, A. & Keegel, T. G. 2014. Wet-work Exposure : A Main Risk Factor for Occupational Hand Dermatitis. Safety and Health at Work, 5(4):175–180.

Brasch, J., Becker, D., et al. 2014. Guideline contact dermatitis. Alergo Int Journal, 23(4):126–138.

Cahyawati, I. N., & Budiono, I. 2011. Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Dermatitis Kontak pada Nelayan. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 6(6):134–141.

Callahan, A., Baron, E., Fekeldulegn, D. et al. 2014. Winter season, frequent hand washing, and irritan patch test reactions to detergents are associated with hand dermatitis in health care workers. Dermatitis, 24(4): 170-175.

Cekti, C., Dewi, F. Y., Trisnowati, N., & Indrastuti, N. 2014. Dermatitis Kontak Okupasional pada Penata Rambut. MDVI, 41(3):108–113.

Chen, Y., Cheng, H., et al. 2015. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Contact Dermatitis Among Clothing Manufacturing Employees in Beijing. Medicine, 96(12):1–8.

Chen, Y., Gao, B., et al. 2017. Survey of Occupational Allergic Contact Dermatitis and Patch Test among Clothing Employees in Beijing. BioMed Research International, 2017(3102358):10p.

Djuanda, A. 2017. Ilmu Penyakit Kulit & Kelamin. Jakarta: Badan penerbit Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia.

Eberting, CE. 2014. Irritant contact dermatitis: Mechanisms to repair. Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research, 5(6): 1-8.

Ganong, W. 2008. Buku Ajar Fisiologi Kedokteran (edisi 22). Jakarta: EGC.

Harrianto, R. 2015. Buku Ajar Kesehatan Kerja. Jakarta: EGC.

Holness, D. L. 2011. Workers with Occupational Contact Dermatitis : Work Outcomes and Return to Work Process in the First Six Months following Diagnosis. Journal of Allergy, 2011(170693):4p.

Kurpiewska, J., Liwkowicz, J., et al. 2015. A Survey of Work-Related Skin Diseases in Different Occupations in Poland A Survey of Work-Related Skin Diseases in Different Occupations in Poland. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 17(2):207–214.

Lau, M., Burgess, J. A., et al. 2011. A Review of the Impact of Occupational Contact Dermatitis on Quality of Life. Journal of Allergy, 2011(964509):12p.

Lestari, F., & Utomo, H. S. 2007. Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Dermatitis Kontak pada Pekerja di PT Inti Pantja Press Industri. Makara, Kesehatan, 11(2):61–68.

Macfarlane, E., Carey, R., et al. 2013. Dermal Exposure Associated with Occupational End Use of Pesticides and the Role of Protective Measures. Safety and Health at Work, 4(3):136–141.

Ningtiyas, A. F., Handayani, O., et al. 2013. Sarung Tangan Latex Sebagai Upaya Pencegahan Dermatitis Kontak. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 9(1):92–99.

Nuraga, W., Lestari, F., & Kurniawidjaja, L. M. 2008. Dermatitis Kontak pada Pekerja yang Terpajan Bahan Kimia di Perusahaan Industri Otomotif Kawasan Industri Cibitung Jawa Barat. Makara Kesehatan, 12(2):63–69.

Peiser, M., Tralau, T., Heidler, J et al. 2011. Allergic contact dermatitis: epidemiology, molecular mechanisms, in vitro methods and regulatory aspects. Cell Mol Life Sci, 65(9): 763-781

Rahman, A., Sultana, A., Rahman, K., and Bilgrami, STA. 2014. Prevalence of occupational contact dermatitis, knowledge, and adaption of preventive measures by chemical industries workers of Pune: An observational study. Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science, 4(1):27-33.

Sarah, B., & Katherine, L. 2014. Contribute to Health Disparities. Am Behav Sci, 57(8):1–19.

Sarma, N. 2009. Occupational Allergic Contact Dermatitis Among Construction Workers In India. Indian Journal of Dermatology, 54(2):137–141.

Sasaki, M., & Kanda, K. 2006. Glove Selection as Personal Protective Equipment and Occupational Dermatitis among Japanese Midwives. Journal of Occupational Health, 48(1):35–43

Smeldey, J. 2010. Concise Guidance : Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Occupational Contact Dermatitis. Clinical Medicine, 10(5):487–490.

Sripaiboonkij, P., Sripaiboonkij, N., et al. 2009. Respiratory and Skin Health Among Glass Microfiber Production Workers : A Cross-sectional Study. Environmental Health, 8(36):1–10.

Zorba, E., Karpouzis, A., et al. 2013. Occupational Dermatoses by Type of Work in Greece. Safety and Health at Work, 6(1):1–7.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.