Predisposing, Enabling and Reinforcing Factors of Premarital Sex Behavior in School Adolescents

Suci Musvita Ayu, Liena Sofiana, Marsiana Wibowo, Erni Gustiana, Arie Setiawan

Abstract

Nowadays, 60% adolescents in Indonesia admitted that had practiced premarital sex
behavior and 50% of people living with HIV and AIDS are adolescent age group. The
negative consequences of sex behavior which causes an Indonesian adolescent disrupted
opportunities continue study at school, enter the work force, starting become a family
and become a member of society as well. Premarital intercourse makes unintended
pregnancy rates still high. Based on data obtained from the Pekanbaru City HIV-AIDS
Management Commission (KPA) in April 2017, it was found that HIV-AIDS cases
have always increased from year to year. The purpose of this study was to determine
the correlation between predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors with premarital
sex behavior in adolescents. The design was cross sectional study. This study was conducted
August 2017 with multistage random cluster sampling and with 481 adolescent
respondents in 18 SMA in Yogyakarta City, which were analyzed using Chi Square test.
There were a relationship of knowledge (p = 0.000, RP = 3.893), attitude (p = 0.000, RP
= 7.240), self-esteem (p = 0.000, RP = 3.502), source of information (p = 0.003) and peer
roles (p = 0.000, RP = 11.660) with premarital sex behavior. Meanwhile, there were no
relation of family role (p = 0.436, RP = 0.823) and teacher role (p = 0.053 RP = 1.596)
with premarital sex behavior. Knowledge, attitudes, self-esteem, information source and
the role of peers are related to premarital sex behavior. The role of the family and the role
of the teacher are not related to premarital sex in adolescents.

Keywords

The premarital sexual behavior, adolescents

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