Violence Determinant on Teenagers in Yogyakarta

Erni Gustina, Liena Sofiana, Suci Musvita Ayu, Marsiana Wibowo, Inggrid Dwita Wardani

Abstract

Violence can adversely affect teenagers. Teenagers rarely report violence to their friends or family. Teens who are experienced with violent outbreaks have symptoms such as depression and anxiety, deviant behaviours such as smoking, drugs and alcohol and even attempted suicide. This Study used a cross-sectional design. The sample of the study were student aged 15-19 years who came from 18 Junior High School in Yogyakarta City. The study was conducted during August 2017. Sample size is 481 adolescents. Technique sampling used multistage random cluster sampling. The instrument used questionnaires on violence, knowledge, attitudes, self-confidence, family roles, peer roles, teacher roles and information sources. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate analysis used chi square test. Results showed that 77.5% of adolescents were violent and 68.4% were physically abused. Peers are a risk factor for adolescents to engage in violence (PR: 1.335; CI 95%:1.205-1.479) and families also play an important role for adolescents engaged in violence (PR: 1.179; CI 95%: 1.079-1.292). The existence of teen counseling services such as Youth Information and Counseling Center to increase adolescent insight about juvenile delinquency especially violence and impact on adolescents.

Keywords

Determinant; Violence; Adolescent

Full Text:

PDF

References

Ayu, S.M., Hakimi, M., & Hayati, E.N., 2012. Kekerasan dalam Pacaran dan Kecemasan Remaja Putri di Kabupaten Purworejo. Kesmas, 6(1), pp.61–74.

Berlianti, D., Vitayala, A., Hastuti, D., Sarwoprasodjo, S., & Krisnatuti, D., 2016. Ada Apa dengan Komunikasi Orang Tua-Remaja?: Pengaruhnya Terhadap Agresivitas Remaja pada Sesama. Jur.Ilm. Kelr.&Kons, 9(3), pp.183–194.

Bond, R.M., & Bushman, B.J., 2017. The Contagious Spread of Violence Among US Adolescents Through Social Networks. AJPH Research, 107(2), pp.288–294.

Eisman, A.B., Stoddard, S.A., Heinze, J., Caldwell, C.H., & Zimmerman, M.A., 2015. Depressive Symptoms, Social Support and Violence Exposure Among Urban Youth: A Longitudinal Study of Resilience Andria. Dev Psychol, 51(9), pp.1307–1316.

Fatchurahman, M., & Pratikno, H., 2012. Kepercayaan Diri, Kematangan Emosi, Pola Asuh Orang Tua Demokratis dan Kenakalan Remaja. Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia, 1(2), pp.77–87.

Finkelhor, D., Turner, H.A., Shattuck, A., & Hamby, S.L., 2015. Prevalence of Childhood Exposure to Violence, Crime, and Abuse Results From the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence. JAMA Pediatrics, 169(8), pp.746–754.

Fitriani, W., & Hastuti, D., 2016. Pengaruh Kelekatan Remaja dengan Ibu, Ayah, dan Teman Sebaya Terhadap Kenakalan Remaja di Lembaga Pembinaan Khusus Anak (LPKA) Kelas Ii Bandung. Jur.Ilm. Kelr.&Kons, 9(3), pp.206–217.

Fleming, P.J., Mccleary-sills, J., Morton, M., Levtov, R., Heilman, B., & Barker, G., 2015. Risk Factors for Men ’ s Lifetime Perpetration of Physical Violence against Intimate Partners : Results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey ( IMAGES ) in Eight Countries. Plos One, 2015,pp.1–18.

Franzese, R.J., Menard, S., Weiss, A.J., & Covey, H.C., 2017. Adolescent Exposure to Violence and Adult Violent Victimization and Offending. Criminal Justice Review, 42(1), pp.42–57.

Fulu, E., Rachel, P., Mbbs, J., Roselli, T., Garcia-moreno, C., & Study, U.N.M.C., 2013. Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Male Perpetration of Intimate Partner Violence: Findings from the UN Multi-country Cross-sectional Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific. The Lancet Global Health, 1(4), pp.187–207.

Green, L., & Kouter, M., 2000. Health Promotion Planning: An Educational and Environmental Approach (Second Edi). California: Mayfield Publishing Company.

Hariyadi., 2016. Dampak Negatif Bermain Game dan Menonton Tayangan Bermuatan Kekerasan Pada Anak (Penyuluhan pada Siswa Sdn 06 Pasar Muara Labuh, Kab. Solok Selatan). Menara Ilmu, X(73), pp.166–176.

Heinze, J.E., Cook, S.H., Wood, E.P., Dumadag, A.C., & Zimmerman, M.A., 2018. Friendship Attachment Style Moderates the Effect of Adolescent Exposure to Violence on Emerging Adult Depression and Anxiety Trajectories. J Youth Adolesc, 47(1), pp.177–193.

Hidayangsih, P.S., Tjandrarini, D.H., Mubasyiroh, R., & Supanni., 2011. Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan dengan Perilaku Berisiko Remaja di Kota Makassar Tahun 2009. Bul. Penelit.Kesehatan, 39(2), pp.88–98.

Hidayati, N.A., 2015. Pengaruh Tingkat Pendidikan Orang Tua terhadap Self-Esteem Remaja. In Seminar Psikologi & Kemanusiaan, pp.978–979.

Jennings, W.G., Richards, T.N., Tomsich, E., Gover, A.R., Jennings, W.G., Richards, T.N., Richards, T.N., 2015. Investigating the Role of Child Sexual Abuse in Intimate Partner Violence Victimization and Perpetration in Young Adulthood From a Propensity Score Matching Approach Investigating the Role of Child Sexual Abuse in Intimate Partner Violence Victimization. Journal Od Child Sexual Abuse, 8712(February 2016).

Johnson, S.L., Reichenberg, R., Bradshaw, C.P., Haynie, D.L., & Cheng, T.L., 2017. Caregiver and Adolescent Discrepancies in Perceptions of Violence and their Associations with Early Adolescent Aggression. J Youth Adolesc, 45(10), pp.2125–2137.

Komisi Nasional Perempuan., 2016. Lembar Fakta Catatan Tahunan (Catahu).

Lestary, H., & Sugiharti., 2011. Perilaku Berisiko Remaja di Indonesia menurut Survey Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja Indonesia ( SKRRI) Tahun 2007 Young Adults Risk Behavior by Indonesia Young Adult Reproductive Health Survey. Jurnal Kesehatan Reproduksi, 1(3), pp.136–144.

Lubis, S,N., 2012. Hubungan Faktor Internal dan Faktor Eksternal dengan Kekambuhan Kembali Proses penyalahgunaan NAPZA di Kabupaten Deli Serdang Tahun 2012. Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Neto, W.B., Silva, A.R.S., Filho, A.J.A., de Lima, L.S., de Aquino, J.M., & Monteiro, E.M.L.M., 2014. Educational Intervention on Violence with Adolescents: Possibility for Nursing in School Context. Escola Anna Nery Revista de Anfermagem, 18(2), pp.195–201.

Notoatmodjo, S., 2010. Ilmu Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Pratama, O.W., 2016. Hubungan Kepercayaan Diri dengan Prestasi Belajar pada Korban Bullying. Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta.

Septiyuni, D.A., Budimansyah, D., & Wilodati., 2015. Pengaruh Kelompok Teman Sebaya ( Peer Group ) Terhadap Perilaku Bullying Siswa di Sekolah. Jurnal Sosietas, 5(1).

Shlafer, R.J., McMorris, B.J., Sieving, R.E., & Gower, A.L., 2014. The Impact of Family and Peer Protective Factors on Girls’ Violence Perpetration and Victimization. J Adolescent Health, 52(3), pp.365–371.

Shofia, Y.N., & Sari, Y., 2016. Hubungan antara Peran Teman Sebaya dengan Perilaku Bullying pada Siswa Kelas XI di SMAN Z Bandung A Correlational Study of the Relationship between Role of Peer Group and Bullying Behavior the student XI Class at SMAN Z Bandung Peringkat Teratas Pengaduan. In Prosiding Psikologi, 2, pp.636–641.

Sriyanto., Abdulkarim, A., Zainul, A., & Maryani, E., 2014. Perilaku Asertif dan Kecenderungan Kenakalan Remaja Berdasarkan Pola Asuh dan Peran Media Massa. Jurnal Psikologi, 41(1), pp.74–88.

Sulistyowati, F.S., 2014. Pengaruh Lingkungan Sekolah dan Pengetahuan Terhadap Perilaku Kekerasan di Kalangan Pelajar. Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Sumiati, E., & Lailan, M., 2012. Identitas Diri Remaja pada Siswa Sma Kartika I-2 Medan. Jurnal Keperawatan Holistik, 1(1), pp.30–34.

Susanti., 2012. Hubungan Jenis Kelamin, Keterpaparan Media dan Pengaruh Teman Sebaya Dengan Perilaku Seksual Remaja di SMPN 6 Palolo Sulawesi Tengah Tahun 2012. Universitas Indonesia.

Usman, I., 2013. Kepribadian, Komunikasi, Kelompok Teman Sebaya, Iklim Sekolah dan Perilaku Bullying. Humanitas, X(1), pp.49–59.

Voisin, D.R., Patel, S., Sung, J., Takahashi, L., & Gaylord-harden, N., 2016. Children and Youth Services Review Behavioral Health Correlates of Exposure to Community Violence Among African-American Adolescents in Chicago. Children and Youth Services Review, 69, pp.97–105.

World Health Organization., 2015. Preventing Youth Violence: An Overview of the Evidence. Geneva.

Xia, Y., Li, S. D., & Liu, T.-H., 2018. The Interrelationship between Family Violence , Adolescent Violence , and Adolescent Violent Victimization : An Application and Extension of the Cultural Spillover Theory in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 25(371), pp.2–15.

Yandri, H., 2014. Peran Guru BK/Konselor dalam Pencegahan Tindakan Bullying di Sekolah. Jurnal Pelangi, 7(1), pp.97–107.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.