PELAYANAN PUSKESMAS BERBASIS MANAJEMEN TERPADU BALITA SAKIT DENGAN KEJADIAN PNEUMONIA BALITA

Abstract

Masalah penelitian adalah bagaimanakah hubungan antara pelayanan puskesmas berbasis manajemen terpadu balita sakit (MTBS) dengan kejadian pneumonia balita. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara pelayanan puskesmas berbasis MTBS dengan kejadian pneumonia balita di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Bergas Kabupaten Semarang. Metode penelitian adalah analitik observasional dengan pendekatan belah lintang. Populasi berjumlah 587 orang tua balita dan sampel sejumlah 83 sampel yang diperoleh dengan metode acak sederhana. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah kuesioner. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji chi square dengan derajat kemaknaan 5% (?=0,05). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kejadian pneumonia adalah tata laksana pelayanan puskesmas dan sarana pendukung MBTS. Perilaku petugas tidak mempengaruhi kejadian pneumonia. Simpulannya adalah tata laksana pelayanan puskesmas dan sarana pendukung MBTS mempengaruhi kejadian pneumonia.

The research problem was how the relationship between health center services based integrated management of childhood illness and the incidence of pneumonia toddler. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between service-based integrated management of childhood illness of health center with toddler pneumonia incidence in Puskesmas Bergas Semarang regency. The method was analytic observational study with cross sectional approach. Population were 587 toddlers parents and 83 samples were obtained by simple random method. The instrument used a questionnaire. Data analyzed using the chi square test with a significance level of 5% (?=0.05). Result of this research showed that factors influencing the incidence of pneumonia were administration of health center services and supporting facilities. Officer behavior does not affect the incidence of pneumonia. The conclusion was the administration of health center services and supporting facilities affected the incidence of pneumonia.

Keywords

Integrated management; Toddler; Pneumonia

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