Identification of Causes and The Existence of Mercury and Chromium in Sediment and Sea Water in Kendari Bay

Sri Damayanty, Muhammad Kamal, Arief Pawennari Muhammad


Kendari Bay is currently experiencing considerable physical pressure and pollution due to heavy metals. This study aims to determine the content of heavy metals mercury and chromium in sediment and seawater in Kendari Bay. This study uses an observational design with a descriptive approach. The study was conducted in April 2019 in five Port areas with three sampling points in each region. Samples taken are sediment and seawater. Samples taken were analyzed by the Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS) method. The results show that all sampling points at five Ports have been contaminated with mercury and chromium in sediment and seawater. The levels of mercury and chromium have exceeded the quality standards stipulated by Minister of Environment Decree No. 51 of 2004. The highest levels of mercury and chromium in seawater and sediment are highest in the Dermaga Tempat Pendaratan Ikan (TPI). This is due to the dense traffic activity of fishing vessels, residential waste, Hospital waste, hospitality waste, tourist waste, paints on ships, oil spills, rust from shipwrecks, and heavy equipment activities from the construction of the Bahteramas Bridge or the Kendari Bay Bridge. Technology needs to control heavy metal contamination as well as policies and law enforcement regarding activities at sea that have the potential to pollute waters.


Mercury, chromium, water, sediment, Kendari Bay

Full Text:



Afshan, S., Ali, S., Ameen, U., Farid, M., Bharwana, S., Hannan, F., & Ahmad, R. (2014). Effect of Different Heavy Metal Pollution on Fish. Research Journal of Chemical and Environmental Sciences, 2(December), 74–79.

Ali, H., Khan, E., & Ilahi, I. (2019). Environmental chemistry and ecotoxicology of hazardous heavy metals: Environmental persistence, toxicity, and bioaccumulation. Journal of Chemistry, 2019(Cd).

Arantes, F. P., Savassi, L. A., Santos, H. B., Gomes, M. V. T., & Bazzoli, N. (2016). Bioaccumulation of mercury, cadmium, zinc, chromium, and lead in muscle, liver, and spleen tissues of a large commercially valuable catfish species from Brazil. Anais Da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, 88(1), 137–147.

Aslam, S., & Yousafzai, A. M. (2017). Chromium toxicity in fish: A review article. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5(3), 1483–1488.

Authman, M. M. (2015). Use of Fish as Bio-indicator of the Effects of Heavy Metals Pollution. Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development, 06(04).

Bazzi, A. O. (2014). Heavy metals in seawater, sediments and marine organisms in the Gulf of Chabahar, Oman Sea. Journal of Oceanography and Marine Science, 5(3), 20–29.

Emmanuel, E., Sombo, T., & Ugwanyi, J. (2018). Assessment of Heavy Metals Concentration in Shore Sediments from the Bank of River Benue, North-Central Nigeria. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 06(04), 35–48.

Gautam, G. J., & Chaube, R. (2018). Differential Effects of Heavy Metals (Cadmium, Cobalt, Lead and Mercury) on Oocyte Maturation and Ovulation of the Catfish Heteropneustes fossilis: an In Vitro Study. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 18, 1205–1214.

Griswold, W., & Ph, D. (2009). Human Health Effects of Heavy Metals. 1–6.

Gworek, B., Bemowska-Kałabun, O., Kijeńska, M., & Wrzosek-Jakubowska, J. (2016). Mercury in Marine and Oceanic Waters—a Review. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 227(10).

Ibemenuga, K. N., Ezike, F. A., Nwosu, M. C., Anyaegbunam, L. C., Okoye, E. I., & Eyo, J. E. (2019). Bioaccumulation of Some Heavy Metals in Some Organs of Three Selected Fish of Commercial Importance from Niger River, Onitsha Shelf, Anambra State, Nigeria. Journal of FisheriesSciences. Com, 13(3), 1–12.

Khan, M. Z. H., Hasan, M. R., Khan, M., Aktar, S., & Fatema, K. (2017). Distribution of heavy metals in surface sediments of the bay of Bengal coast. Journal of Toxicology, 2017.

Kimáková, T., Kuzmová, L., Nevolná, Z., & Bencko, V. (2018). Fish and fish products as risk factors of mercurexposure. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 25(3), 488–493.

Mehrandish, R., Rahimian, A., & Shahriary, A. (2019). Heavy metals detoxification: A review of herbal compounds for chelation therapy in heavy metals toxicity. Journal of HerbMed Pharmacology, 8(2), 69–77.

Monsefrad, F., Imanpour Namin, J., & Heidary, S. (2012). Concentration of heavy and toxic metals Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb and Hg in liver and muscles of Rutilus frisii kutum during spawning season with respect to growth parameters. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 11(4), 825–839.

Musfirah, & Rangkuti, A. (2019). The Lead Exposure Risk Due to Wells Water Consumption in Code Riverside Community, Yogyakarta City. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (KEMAS), 14(3), 318–325.

Subhan, S., & Afu, L. O. A. (2018). Pengaruh Laju Sedimentasi Terhadap Rekrutmen Karang Di Teluk Kendari (The effect of sedimentation rate on coral recruitment in Kendari Bay). Jurnal Manusia Dan Lingkungan, 24(2), 73.

Vaidyanathan, K., Vasudevan, D., S, S., & Vaidyanathan, K. (2016). Environmental Pollution and Heavy Metal Poisons. Textbook of Biochemistry for Medical Students, 5(5), 531–531.

Widowati, W. (2008). Efek Toksik Logam. Penerbit Andi.

Yusuf, M., & Hamzah, B. (2013). Kandungan merkuri (Hg) dalam air laut , sedimen , dan jaringan ikan belanak (Liza melinoptera) di perairan Teluk Palu. Yusuf, Mohammad Hamzah, Bharuddin Rahman, Nirdin, 2(3), 140–145.

Zuluaga Rodríguez, J., Gallego Ríos, S. E., & Ramírez Botero, C. M. (2015). Content of Hg, Cd, Pb and as in fish species: a review. Revista Vitae, 22(2), 148–159.


  • There are currently no refbacks.