Effect of Yoga Physical Activity on Increasing Self-Control and Quality of Life

Nur Indri Rahayu(1), Triska Pangestu Amalia(2), Imas Damayanti(3),

(1) Program Studi Ilmu Keolahragaan, Fakultas Pendidikan Olahraga dan Kesehatan, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
(2) Program Studi Ilmu Keolahragaan, Fakultas Pendidikan Olahraga dan Kesehatan, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
(3) Program Studi Ilmu Keolahragaan, Fakultas Pendidikan Olahraga dan Kesehatan, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia


The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of physical activity of yoga on improving self-control and quality of life. The method used is experimental with The One-Group Pretest-Posttest Design research design. The sample of this research is the active female students of UPI Sport Science with a total sample of 28 people. The sampling technique uses purposive sampling. The instrument used was an adaptation of the Self-Control Scale questionnaire to test the increase in self-control and WHOQOL-100 to test the increase in quality of life. Data analysis used was Paired Sample t-Test to test the effect of yoga physical activity on increasing self-control and quality of life. The results of data analysis showed that there was an influence of physical activity of yoga on the increase in self-control (Z = -3,343, p = 0.001) and quality of life (t = -3.663, p = 0.001). So, it can be concluded that there is an influence of physical activity of yoga on increasing self-control and quality of life.


Asana Yoga, Self Control, Quality of Life, female student

Full Text:



Ainsworth, B. E. (2000). Issues in the assessment of physical activity in women. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 71(September), 37–42. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2000.11082784

Allom, V., Panetta, G., Mullan, B., & Hagger, M. S. (2016). Self-report and behavioural approaches to the measurement of self-control: Are we assessing the same construct? Personality and Individual Differences, 90, 137–142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.051

Alqomaizi, N., Alfarraj, A., Alrefy, H., Altwair, M., Almaaz, D., Asdaq, S. M. B., & Al-Yamani, M. (2018). Prevalence of stress and its associated factors among students of Al-Maarefa Colleges of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: A comparative cross-sectional study. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutics, 12(2), S698–S708. https://doi.org/10.1038/jcbfm.2013.7

Delextrat, A. A., Warner, S., Graham, S., & Neupert, E. (2015). An 8-Week Exercise Intervention Based on Zumba Improves Aerobic Fitness and Psychological Well-Being in Healthy Women. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 13(2), 131–139. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2014-0535

Denson, T. F., DeWall, C. N., & Finkel, E. J. (2012). Self-control and aggression. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21(1), 20–25. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721411429451

DeWall, C. N., Finkel, E. J., & Denson, T. F. (2011). Self-control inhibits aggression. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5(7), 458–472. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2011.00363.x

Dubey, A. (2017). Perceived Control as Predictor of Yogic Practices and Effects of Yoga on Health and Well-Being. Journal of Psychology, 3(2), 121–129. https://doi.org/10.1080/09764224.2012.11885486

Elliot, E. (2013). Comprehensive School Physical Activity Programs : Physical Activity Each Day Contributing Authors. Journal of Physical Education, 84(9), 9–15.

Fogelholm, M. (2008). How physical activity can work? International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 3(SUPPL.1), 10–14. https://doi.org/10.1080/17477160801896481

Javnbakht, M., Hejazi Kenari, R., & Ghasemi, M. (2009). Effects of yoga on depression and anxiety of women. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 15(2), 102–104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2009.01.003

Jeter, P. E., Slutsky, J., Singh, N., & Khalsa, S. B. S. (2015). Yoga as a therapeutic intervention: A bibliometric analysis of published research studies from 1967 to 2013. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 21(10), 586–592. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2015.0057

Jumanisanti, D. W. I. P. (2009). Perbedaan kontrol diri pada wanita dewasa sebelum mengikuti yoga dan sesudah mengikuti yoga (Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang). Retrieved from http://eprints.umm.ac.id/9428/1/PERBEDAAN_KONTROL_DIRI_PADA_WANITA_DEWASA_SEBELUM_MENGIKUTI_YOGA_DAN_SESUDAH_MENGIKUTI_YOGA.pdf

Kruger, J., Bowles, H. R., Jones, D. A., Ainsworth, B. E., & Kohl, H. W. (2007). Health-related quality of life, BMI and physical activity among US adults (≥18 years): National physical activity and weight loss survey, 2002. International Journal of Obesity, 31(2), 321–327. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0803386

Kruger, S., & Sonono, E. (2016). Physical activity and psychosomatic-related health problems as correlates of quality of life among university students. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 26(4), 357–362. https://doi.org/10.1080/14330237.2016.1185907

M Jay Polsgrove, Brandon M Eggleston, R. J. L. (2016). Impact of10-weeks of yoga practice on flexibility and balance of college athletes. International Journal of Yoga, 9(1), 27–34. https://doi.org/10.1097/JWH.0b013e3181d4fe51

Maddux, R. E., Daukantaité, D., & Tellhed, U. (2018). The effects of yoga on stress and psychological health among employees : an 8- and 16-week intervention study employees : an 8- and 16-week intervention study. Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 31(2), 121–134. https://doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2017.1405261

Necka, E. (2015). Self-Control Scale AS-36: Construction and validation study. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 46(3), 488–497. https://doi.org/10.1515/ppb-2015-0055

Patel, N. K., Newstead, A. H., & Ferrer, R. L. (2012). The Effects of Yoga on Physical Functioning and Health Related Quality of Life in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 18(10), 902–917. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2011.0473

Peltzer, K., & Pengpida, S. (2014). Multiple health risk behaviours and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among university students from 22 countries. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 24(6), 499–503. https://doi.org/10.1080/14330237.2014.997038

Polsgrove, Mj., Eggleston, B., & Lockyer, R. (2016). Impact of 10-weeks of yoga practice on flexibility and balance of college athletes. International Journal of Yoga, Vol. 9, p. 27. https://doi.org/10.4103/0973-6131.171710

Ramadoss, R., & Bose, B. K. (2010). Transformative Life Skills: A Yoga Intervention for Reducing Chronic Stress and Improving Self-Control in Vulnerable Youth. International Symposium on Yoga Research, 20(October), 2010.

Rocha, K. K. F., Ribeiro, A. M., Rocha, K. C. F., Sousa, M. B. C., Albuquerque, F. S., Ribeiro, S., & Silva, R. H. (2012). Improvement in physiological and psychological parameters after 6months of yoga practice. Consciousness and Cognition, 21(2), 843–850. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2012.01.014

Stocker, E., Englert, C., & Seiler, R. (2019). Self-control strength and mindfulness in physical exercise performance : Does a short mindfulness induction compensate for the detrimental ego depletion effect ? Journal of Apllied Sport Psychology, 31(3), 1533–1571. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200.2018.1471754

Swallen, K. C. (2005). Overweight, Obesity, and Health-Related Quality of Life Among Adolescents: The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Pediatrics, 115(2), 340–347. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2004-0678

Tangney, J. P., Baumeister, R. F., & Boone, A. L. (2004). High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success. Jounal of Personality, 72(2), 271–324. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00263.x.

Tri Dayaksini, H. (2003). Psikologi Sosial. UMM Press. Malang.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2008). 2008 Physical Activity. Health (San Francisco).

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2010). Healthy people 2020. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2011.10.026

Vendramin, B., Bergamin, M., Gobbo, S., Cugusi, L., Duregon, F., Bullo, V., … Ermolao, A. (2016). Health Benefits of Zumba Fitness Training: A Systematic Review. PM and R, 8(12), 1181–1200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmrj.2016.06.010

World Health Organization. (n.d.). WHO _ WHOQOL_ Measuring Quality of Life.

Zhang, T., Dunn, J., Morrow, J., & Greenleaf, C. (2017). Ecological analysis of college women ’ s physical activity and health-related quality of life. Women & Health, 00(00), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1080/03630242.2017.1296057

Zhang, T., Xiang, P., Gu, X., & Rose, M. (2016). College Students’ Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life: An Achievement Goal Perspective. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 87(2), 182–190. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2016.1159279


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.