Fatigue in Loading and Unloading Workers at the Port

Viranda Nedine Putri Watulinggas, Mona Lestari, Novrikasari Novrikasari, Desheila Andarini, Anita Camelia


The port has a fairly dense loading/unloading activity according to the total flow of goods it manages. In addition to high work activities, environment factors such as noise and work climate can also affect the occurrence of work fatigue.  Therefore, this study aims to determine factors associated with work fatigue in loading/unloading workers at the port.  This study uses cross sectional study design with simple random sampling.  Data analysis used the Paired Sample T-Test and Chi-Square test.  The results showed that there was a difference of fatigue before and after work and as many as 71.2% of workers experienced moderate fatigue.  It is known that age (p-value = 0,000), breakfast habits (p-value = 0,000), and years of service (p-value = 0,000) have a significant correlation with work fatigue, while nutritional status (p-value = 0.203), workload (p-value = 0.140), hot work climate (p-value = 0.362), and noise (p-value = 0.880) have no correlation with work fatigue.  It was concluded that age, breakfast habits and work duration were related to work fatigue in loading/unloading labor.  Therefore, workers are advised to be used to have breakfast with the right menu and time and workers should wear hats while working to reduce sun exposure.


Work fatigue, ports, loading and unloading worker

Full Text:



Adi, D.P., Suwondo, A., & Lestyanto, D., 2013. The Relationship Between Work Climate, Nutritional Intake Before Work and Workload to Work Fatigue Levels in Morning Shift Workers in the Packing Section of PT. X Kendal Regency. Journal of Public Health, 2(2), pp.1-11.

Akbar, M.B., Kalsum., & Mahyuni, E.L., 2015. Differences in the Level of Work Fatigue Based on Breakfast Habits in JNE Delivery Courier Workers in Medan City in 2015. Journal of the Environment and Occupational Health, 4(2), pp.1-7.

Amalia, I., & Widajati, N., 2019. Factors Associated with Fatigue at Work in the Unit of Rolling Iron PT. X. Journal of Health Science and Prevention, 3(1), pp.16-24.

Andriani, K.W., 2016. Relationship between Age, Noise and Air Temperature with Individual Subjective Fatigue at PT. X Jakarta. The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, 5(2), pp.112-120.

Anggraini, N., Purba, I.G., & Sitorus, R.J., 2013. Work Fatigue in Workshop Workers of AUTO 2000, Plaju Branch, Palembang, 2011. Journal of Public Health Sciences, 4(2), pp.125-130.

Asriyani, N., Karimuna, S.R., & Jufri, N.N., 2017. Factors Related to Work Fatigue in Workers in PT. Kalla Kakao Industri. Scientific Journal of Unsyiah Public Health Students, 2(6), pp.1-10.

Astuti, F.W., Ekawati., & Wahyuni, I., 2017. Relationship between Individual Factors, Workload and Work Shifts with Work Fatigue at Nurses at Regional Mental Hospital (RSJD) Dr. Amino Gondohutomo Semarang. Journal of Public Health, 5(5), pp.163-172.

Budiman, A., Husaini, H., & Arifin, S., 2016. Relationship between Age and Workload Index with Worker Fatigue at PT. Karias Tabing Kencana. Journal of Periodic Health, 1(2), pp.121-129.

Deyulmar, B.A., Suroto., & Wahyuni, I., 2018. Analysis of Factors Associated with Work Fatigue in Opak Cracker Maker Workers in Ngadikerso Village, Semarang Regency. Journal of Public Health, 6(4), pp.278-285.

Gurusinga, D., Camelia, A., & Purba, I.G., 2015. Analysis of Factors Associated with Work Fatigue on Sugar Factory Operators at PT. PN VII Cinta Manis in 2013. Journal of Public Health Sciences, 6(2), pp.83-91.

International Port Corporation., 2015. Annual Report 2015: Advancing Excellence Through Performance. International Port Corporation.

Juliana, M., Camelia, A., & Rahmiwati, A., 2018. Analysis of Work Fatigue Risk Factors of Production Employees PT. Arwana Keramik, Plc. Journal of Public Health Sciences, 9(1), pp.53-63.

Kurniawan, Y., Kurniawan, B., & Ekawati., 2018. The Relationship between Knowledge, Fatigue, Physical Workload, Work Posture, and Attitude of Using PPE with Occupational Accidents (Study on Manual Lifting Activities at the Fertilizer Packing Unit of Tanjung Emas Port Semarang). Journal of Public Health, 6(4), pp.393-401.

Maurits, L.S., 2010. Glimpse of Work Fatigue. Yogyakarta: Amara Books.

Mulyadi, & P, N., 2018. Analysis of the Causes of Worker Fatigue in PT. Top Saba Mandiri Food Makassar. Jurnal Sulolipu: Communication Media of Academics and Society, 18(1), pp.15-23.

National Safety Council., 2017. Fatigue in Safety-Critical Industries: Impact, Risks and Recommendations. National Safety Council.

Ningsih, S.N., & Nilamsari, N., 2018. Factors Related to Locomotive DIPO Worker Fatigue PT. Kereta Api Indonesia (Persero). Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Health, 3(1), pp.69-82.

Paulina, & Salbiah., 2016. Factors Related to Worker fatigue in PT. Kalimantan Steel. Journal of Health Vocational, II(2), pp.165-172.

Pranoto, B., Hardjanto., & Suwadji., 2014. The Relationship between Nutritional Status and Work Fatigue in the Weaving Section of Workers in PT. Iskandar Indah Printing Textile Surakarta. Study Program of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences of University of Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Prastuti, T.N., & Martiana, T., 2016. Analysis of Individual Characteristics with Complaints of Work Fatigue in Taxi Drivers in Rungkut Surabaya. The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, 11(1), pp.64-74.

Prastuti, T.N., & Martiana, T., 2016. Relationship between Individual Factors, Workload and Work Shifts with Work Fatigue at Nurses at Regional Mental Hospital (RSJD) Dr. Amino Gondohutomo Semarang. The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, 11(1), pp.64-74.

Putri, R., 2018. Factors Related to Work Ability at TKBM at Pekanbaru Port in 2015. Collaborative Medical Journal, 1(1), pp.49-59.

Putro, A.N., & Hariyono, W., 2017. Workload, Nutritional Status and Feelings of Work Fatigue in Pottery Industry Workers.

Rochmah, M., 2011. The Difference of Work Fatigue Before and After Exposure to Heat Pressure in Workers in the Patchwork Milling Section in the Mattress Industry X Sukoharjo.

Saragih, W.L., Mahyuni, E.L., & Lubis, A.M., 2015. Assessment of Work Accident Risk of Loading and Unloading Workers at Teluk Nibung Port, Tanjung Balai Asahan in 2015. Journal of Occupational Health and Environment, 4(2).

Sari, A.R., & Muniroh, L., 2017. The Relationship between Adequacy of Energy Intake and Nutritional Status with the Workforce Fatigue Level of Production Workers (Study in PT. Multi Aneka Pangan Nusantara Surabaya). Amerta Nutrition, 1(4), pp.275-281.

Sartono., Martaferry., & Winaresmi., 2016. Relationship between Internal Factors and External Factors Employees with Work Fatigue in Laundry Garment Employees in the Production Section of CV. Sinergie Laundry Jakarta Barat. Articles of Public Health, 1(1), pp.64-72.

Starizky, O., Ekawati., & Jayanti, S., 2016Relationship between Workload and Work Climate with Work Fatigue in Land Measurement Workers Using Theodolite Tool. Journal of Public Health, 4(3), pp.549-556.

Tarwaka, H.A., Bakri, S., & Sudiajeng, L., 2004. Ergonomics for Safety, Health and Productivity.

Tri., 2019. BPJS of Employment.

Yogisutanti, G., Kusnanto, H., Setyawati, L., & Otsuka, Y., 2013. Morning Habits, Long Sleep and Fatigue at Lecturers. Public Health - Journal of Public Health 9(1), pp.53-57.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/kemas.v16i1.22946


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.